�”Perpetuum mobile” – so tired
parents, exhausted educators and teachers about hyperactive children.
It was he who in his infancy periodically falls out of the crib, and in
five years he can not be carried away by an interesting fairy tale or loved one
a cartoon for at least 20 minutes. In elementary school all the problems
only aggravated. Where does excessive activity come from?
children and how to deal with it?
What is hyperactivity?
According to experts, this condition is manifested in
toddlers in the form of excess activity, restlessness and multitude
unnecessary movements. Most of all this behavior is characteristic of
preschoolers, because their nervous system is still too
Boys suffer from hyperactivity several times more often than
girls. Doctors explain this by saying that they are usually bigger than kids
female at birth, which is fraught with various injuries.
Also the brain regions responsible for regulating and
control, ripen in boys much later.
Currently, the number of children with this violation
central nervous system increased significantly. Statistics
doctors are disappointing – signs of the disease are observed in about
40% of children of preschool age and half of primary pupils
classes. What, you see, a lot!
Manifestations of hyperactivity
Syndrome of excessive activity has many symptoms.
We list the main ones:
- Lack of attention
The kid is not able to concentrate on one lesson for a long time,
which requires some effort from him: coloring, reading,
watching TV, solving examples. Because of
carelessness such babies often have difficulty with
Hyperactive children often behave thoughtlessly, constantly
hurry, answer before the question was asked. Difficult for them
wait for your turn and plan something in advance. therefore
Often, relationships with classmates and classmates deteriorate, and
parents attend school with the same frequency as work.
- Excessive mobility
Such a child is almost impossible to find in complete rest –
he either runs, or jumps, or jerks with his feet, if asked
sit on a chair. Also, the hyperactive child can be recognized by
to the richest mimic manifestations, shifty eyes and restless
little fingers. He usually jumps around, forcing mom after him
- Mood Swings
Parents find it difficult to understand their emotional state.
children They have unpredictable behavior, and emotional
surges occur for no apparent reason. Baby can
become aggressive and even brutal in a moment, and after a quarter
hours already nice to talk with mom or peers.
- Bad memory
Due to low concentration, impulsiveness of actions and
excessive distractibility kids, as a rule, poorly memorize and
Causes of hyperactivity
The basis of this disease is minimal brain
dysfunction that disrupts the flow of mental processes and
causes all of the above features in a child. But
the provoking factors of this disorder are:
- Course of pregnancy
Severe toxicosis, high blood pressure, fetal hypoxia,
mother’s exposure to alcohol, nicotine or drugs, exposure
toxic substances increase the likelihood of hyperactive birth
- Adverse childbirth
Prematurity, prolonged or
on the contrary, rapid delivery, their artificial stimulation, and
the use of various means of obstetric aid (in particular,
- Genetic predisposition
You should not be surprised if your son has a similar
diseases if you yourself suffered at a young age from impulsive
and disinhibited behavior.
How to help the child?
Some adults raising hyperactive children
often lose their composure and break on them, despite all
love and care. Other mothers and fathers give up, considering that
their crumbs nothing good will work. Still others try
to take the baby in the “muddy gloves”, introducing the most stringent
Of course, every child who is too active is bright.
Individuality, and therefore requires a special approach. but
knowledge of the general psychological characteristics of such children allows
experts to give some recommendations that will help you find
key to his offspring.
- Clearly formulate tasks
Due to difficulty with concentration and high distractibility
set specific tasks for the kid. Your phrases must be
short, clear, without unnecessary details. Try to avoid
- Observe the sequence
Never give out to your hyperactive child several at once.
orders. How often do you say to kids: “Well, clean the cars,
wash the pens and sit down at the table “? The child will not be able to immediately perceive
this amount of information and, perhaps, will not perform a single task, but
addicted to something else. Let’s follow instructions as far as
- Formulate prohibitions correctly
These kids are extremely negative about the word “no”, so
Try not to use it. For example, instead of the categorical
taboo “Do not walk on the puddle,” say: “Let’s better walk on dry
track. And, of course, in any conflict situation, try
- Set time limits
Small children generally have poor ideas about time, so
That you will need to monitor the implementation of your task.
If you plan to put a crumb to sleep, distract him from the game,
to call for dinner, you need to warn him in advance: “After five
minutes we will have dinner. “
- Direct energy into the “peaceful course”
To make the child more calm, try to walk with him on
fresh air, record it in a sports club, often go to
rides, ride a bike, skate or play ball. AT
general, find the kind of activity that will give him a sincere
- Provide medication
Be sure to seek help from a neurologist who is not
will only make the correct diagnosis, but will also be able to pick the right one
pharmacological drug. ATрачебная статистика говорит, что
drug effects are effective in 80% of cases of hyperactivity:
behavior improves, self-control improves.
If a restless hurricane child grows in your family and you don’t
understand what to do, first of all, try to gain
patience and know that he does not want to annoy you.
Do not be afraid to seek qualified support from a neurologist.
or a psychologist, follow their recommendations and our advice. And not
forget that your child is no worse than other kids, and also
needs your love and understanding. Subject to these conditions,
you will be able to grow from a little spoiler collected and
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