How to treat allergic rhinitis – symptoms,treatment, drops, drugs

Update: December 2018

In recent decades, allergic reactions in the population have
very widespread. According to statistics, 8-12%
people on the planet suffer from various forms of allergies, which are more often
all develop in 10-20 years.

Allergic rhinitis – one of the inadequate response options
organism to various external stimuli – pollen flowering
plants, insect bites, mold and yeast fungi, mites in
library, house dust, various toxic or
aromatized chemicals in household chemicals, items
life, and on internal irritants – certain foods
или лекарственные drugs. What if a child or
adult appeared seasonal or year-round rhinitis? How to treat
allergic rhinitis, what drugs, drugs, drops,
sprays? To tolerate constant nasal congestion, sneezing, tickling and
itching in the nose, tearing is impossible, it affects the mood,
condition of the nervous system, violates the usual way of life and reduces
performance In addition, the continuous long-term
аллергического rhinitis, симптомы которого ярко выраженные, может
provoke nasal bleeding, nasal polyps,
otitis media and sinusitis, sinusitis, severe impaired sense of smell and
bronchial asthma.

Признаки, симптомы аллергического rhinitis у детей и
adults

When allergic rhinitis symptoms begin to appear after
contact with the allergen, if it is animal hair, then after
being indoors with pets when using
woolen blankets, down pillows, having long bouts
sneezing, they may appear at the time of contact with the allergen or
after some time, more often in the morning.

If it is pollinosis, then it can occur at any time when
trees or weeds bloom from spring to autumn. And,
характерным признаком аллергического rhinitis у детей и adults
is the resulting transverse crease on the nose that occurs
from frequent scratching of the nose with persistent itching.

A person with year-round allergic rhinitis may have
nose is constantly stuffed, and you only have to breathe through your mouth. it
leads to chronic stagnant processes, loss of taste and
sense of smell, complicated by the addition of a secondary infection with a strong
swelling of the mucous membranes and blockage of the paranasal sinuses.

Также частым спутником аллергического rhinitis является
tearing, discomfort in the eyes, itching, redness
conjunctiva of the eye – allergic conjunctivitis, swelling of the face,
it is also possible the emergence of allergic cough, which further
может провоцировать развитие bronchial asthma.

When examined by an otolaryngologist, the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity is loose and
pale, nasal discharge most often watery in nature. AT
There are usually no significant changes in the pharynx, but sometimes
possible development of chronic pharyngitis, tonsillitis. Seasonally
There are usually no serious complications.

Persons with allergic rhinitis are very sensitive to
various chemical smells, to perfumery, cosmetics, to tobacco
smoke, to the smells of household chemicals, washing powders, new furniture,
the pungent fetid odors of new carpet products and other
industrial products with evaporation of harmful substances (see
household chemicals for health).

Why do people have so often lately
various allergic reactions? The reasons for this phenomenon so far
not clear, there are only theoretical guesses. Main of
which – the use of chlorinated water, unfavorable
ecology, increased radioactive background, harmful chemicals
in foods, antibiotics in meat, pesticides and nitrates in vegetables and
fruits, the use of a mass of medicines is all
prepares the body for an allergic response to seemingly
harmless irritants.

The mechanism of the occurrence of an allergic reaction is well studied and
known:

  • If a high level of immunoglobulin E – reaction occurs
    delayed type
  • At the initial contact with the allergen preparation
    тучных cell, а при повторном контакте — их разрушение с
    by releasing histamine and similar mediators, they increase
    cell permeability to plasma – hence itching, swelling, and
    liquid discharge from the nose.
  • In children, even at the first contact with an allergen due to
    features of the complement system that is inherited from parents
    and which immediately destroys mast cells.

ATарианты течения аллергического rhinitis

  • Intermittent: manifestations of the disease less than 4 days a week or
    no longer than 4 weeks
  • Persistent: more often 4 days and longer than 4 weeks.

The severity of the pathology is determined by the number and severity
его manifestations.

  • With a light rhinitis, sleep is not disturbed, the usual daytime is preserved.
    activity, symptoms are mild.
  • Moderate or severe rhinitis disrupts sleep and daytime activity.
    hours, difficult work and learning.

Example of diagnosis: Allergic rhinitis,
persistent, moderate, period of exacerbation.
Sensitization to pollen ambrosia.

Non-drug treatment of allergic rhinitis

What to do if allergies occur, how to treat allergies
rhinitis children and adults?

Food may increase the cross-allergic reaction.

Depending on what time of year allergy occurs to
pollen of plants, you can determine the flowering of any grass or trees
causes mucous irritation. This should be known in order to
exclude from the daily diet those foods that cause
cross-allergy. At certain times of the year, for example in the spring,
when the birch, poplar, hazel blossoms, etc., are in blossom
eat pears, apples, potatoes, honey, parsley, etc., with
August to October – ambrosia, quinoa, then from the diet
honey, mayonnaise, cabbage, watermelons, etc., should be excluded (table with
list of products that cause cross-allergy).

Creating comfortable indoor air

How to treat аллергический ринит

From what kind of air in the room in which the person is
most of the time, sleeping or working, depends largely
condition of the respiratory system and the general condition of the body
allergic.For example, the abundance of carpets, various
�”Dust collectors”, open bookshelves, soft toys, porous
wallpaper, heavy curtains – creates additional conditions for congestion
dust, allergens, bacteria, toxic substances. Desirable in the period
flowering plants daily wet cleaning, use
to create comfortable air humidifiers and air purifiers with
anti-allergenic filters.

If you are allergic to pet hair will have to part with
pets. Does not solve this problem and the acquisition
sphinkos cat Compensating the absence of allergenic wool
cover powerful allergenic saliva. Aquarium is also not safe –
After all, fish usually have to be dried with plankton, which
may be a strong allergen.

Contact Restriction

Of course, it is easier to deal with allergies when known.
the cause, the source of the allergy. To determine it, you must pass
skin tests from an allergist or donate blood to various allergens.
Knowing the enemy’s face, you can try to limit contact with him if
This is food, do not eat them if allergic
causes pollen of plants, ideal way – departure to the sea in a season
flowering allergenic herbs and plants.

Plasma exchange

According to the testimony of the doctor, it is possible to carry out mechanical blood cleaning from
immune complexes, allergens, toxins. This method has
some contraindications and unfortunately has a short
action, but in severe cases of allergic reactions is
very effective.

Medicines for the treatment of allergic rhinitis

Unfortunately, all medicines for allergic rhinitis are used.
только для смягчения симптомов  — снижают насморк, уменьшают
swelling, nasal congestion, tearing and itching. Still medicine
does not know how to permanently get rid of allergies, because
known deep causes triggering such inadequate
reactions of the body’s immune system.

Therefore, all drugs, sprays, drops from
allergic rhinitis are used as symptomatic
means of dulling the manifestations of allergies, but which cannot
change the body’s response to the allergen. What can today
offer the pharmaceutical industry for treatment
allergic rhinitis?

Drugs for allergic rhinitis – antihistamines
drugs

With a mild disease, it is enough to take
антигистаминные drugs. In recent years, the production of drugs
2 and 3 generations, such as Tsetrin, Zyrtec, Zodak, Erius – reduced
strong sedative effect of this group of drugs, they
не обладают такими побочными действиями, как drugs 1 поколения
– urinary retention, arrhythmia, blurred vision. These pills are from
allergies have almost no hypnotic effect, have
prolonged action and effectively relieve symptoms
allergic rhinitis within 20 minutes after ingestion. Suffering
Allergic rhinitis is indicated by oral Zetrin or
Loratadine 1 tab. in a day. Tsetrin, Parlazin, Zodak possible
take to children from 2 years in syrup. The strongest antihistamine
Erius is now recognized as a drug, the active substance
Desloratadine, which is contraindicated in pregnancy, and in syrup
can be taken by children older than 1 year.

Гормональные drugs – спреи, капли от аллергического
rhinitis

Intranasal glucocorticoids, such as Flikosanze, Budesonide
prescribed by a doctor only for severe allergies, when
antihistamine treatment does not give effect.

Use of various hormonal internal sprays,
such as Aldecine, Nasobek, Fliksonaze, Nasonex, Benorin,
Baconase, Nazarel should only be prescribed by a doctor, these medicines
It is undesirable to use for children, the elderly. Local
hormonal drugs have almost no systemic effect, but with
prolonged use, overdose may slow
destroy metabolic and immune processes in the body, promote
reduced adrenal function, development diabetes, etc.
If the patient is given an internal glucocorticoid, cancel it.
must be made gradually, do not abruptly throw use
hormones, since drug withdrawal occurs.

Medicines – Leukotriene Antagonists

With moderately severe and severe allergic rhinitis, treatment can be
supplement with leukotriene antagonist drugs such as
Singular, Accol.

Vasoconstrictor drops for allergic rhinitis

Abuse of these agents is unacceptable in case of allergic
rhinitis. They can be used to reduce swelling of the nasopharynx,
reduce mucus secretion, but not more than 5 days, or only in rare
cases. К таким каплям от аллергического rhinitis относят –
Naphthyzinum, Galazolin, Tizin, Nazol, Vibrocil. They do not have
therapeutic action, but only facilitate breathing.

Nazaval and Prévalin

Nazaval – microdispersed powder of cellulose and garlic, it is
new means preventing the penetration of aeroallergens through
nasal cavity in the body. Microdispersed cellulose powder from
spray dispenser is sprayed on the mucous membrane of the nasal passages, forming with
slime strong gel-like film. It provides a natural
barrier to penetration of pollutants and allergens into the body.
Means is allowed to use to pregnant women, children with
of birth. Method of application – 3-4 p / day for 1 injection in each
nasal passage. Another new drug Prevalin – consisting of a mixture
emulsifiers and oils that create a barrier to allergens, use
which follows as early as possible better before starting
аллергического rhinitis.

Desensitization to certain allergens

Hyposensitization therapy is widely used in cases
when the exact allergen causing allergic rhinitis is known
the patient. If antihistamines are not effective enough
or are contraindicated, doses of the extract are administered to the patient under the skin.
allergen, gradually increasing them, such treatment can last up to
5 years, with weekly administration of allergens. However, this method
therapy is contraindicated for persons with asthma or
cardiovascular disease.

Спреи от аллергического rhinitis – стабилизаторы мембран тучных
cell

To antiallergic drugs, allergy sprays
rhinitis относят такие лекарства, как Кромогексал, Кромоглин,
Kromosol. They prevent the occurrence of allergic reactions.
immediate type, they are used for mild manifestations
allergies.

Other sprays

Very effective in allergic rhinitis nasal spray.
Allergodil – histamine H1-receptor blocker, acting
вещество Азеластин. However, its use is not recommended.
during pregnancy and children up to 6 years.

 Enterosorbents

Also for allergic rhinitis, treatment with enterosorbents.
exerts its positive effect – Polyphepan, Polysorb,
Enterosgel, Filtrum STI (manual) is the means that
contribute to the elimination of toxins, allergens from the body,
that can be used in the treatment of allergic
manifestations. It should be remembered that their use should not be
more than 2 weeks, and reception should be carried out separately from other
medicines and vitamins because their effect is reduced
and digestibility.

Схемы лечения аллергического rhinitis

  • При легком варианте rhinitis бывает достаточно прекратить
    действие алллергена, дать пациенту антигистаминовые drugs через
    mouth (tablets, syrup, drops) and vasoconstrictor in the nose for five
    days
  • Intermittent rhinitis of moderate severity will require more
    prolonged therapy (up to a month) and the addition of glucocorticoids
    in drops in the nose. The same tactics adhere to in the treatment of
    персистирующего (постоянного) rhinitis.
  • If after therapy for a month remission is not achieved,
    review the diagnosis (exclude ENT pathology, for example,
    sinusitis), increase the use of glucocorticoids.

Народное лечение аллергического rhinitis

Unfortunately, the body’s allergic reactions cannot be cured.
no folk remedies, because most grandmothers
body health recipes consist of plant
medicinal fees, tinctures, decoctions. If a child or
adult, for example, pollinosis, how to treat allergic rhinitis
folk remedies for which he is allergic? No
You can only aggravate the condition and add allergens to
an organism.

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