Update: October 2018
The face plays an important role for a person, being the main feature
individuality. The face reflects not only emotions, but also
age and health. Seeing the first time a person, we
instinctively note and notice three parts of the face — the nose, the eyes, and
It is about the chin will be discussed in this article, or rather –
second chin, which distorts the external features of the face, adds
age and generally looks unaesthetic.
Double chin is formed by fat and skin folds and
localized under the edge of the lower jaw and may sag to the neck. Him
appearance is not always related to age-related changes, but correction
requires time, effort and considerable expense. A number of corrective
methods are available for self-use, therefore
You can try to remove the second chin without the cost of
Causes of the second chin
- Hereditary predisposition. Individual characteristics
metabolism and skin structure, delayed protein biosynthesis,
leading to inhibition of collagen formation processes lead to
that the skin in the chin area begins to sag back in
young age. And if genetic features are enhanced
by external factors, the problem becomes apparent very early.
- Features of the structure of the lower jaw, hyoid bone and neck.
Smoothed chin, low located hyoid bone and
short neck are also factors predisposing to
- Violation of posture on the background of weakness of the muscular system of the back or
due to the habit of slouching, low head down, sedentary work and
etc. This creates an increased load on elastin and collagen.
fibers and those, in turn, hold less subcutaneous fat
- Age-related reduction of skin elasticity as a result
slowing down the natural regeneration and nutrition in the skin and tissues.
Dryer and flabby sags more easily under the forces of gravity, and
lower muscle tone in the lower face is even more
contributes to this. Especially the sad picture occurs when
weakness of the subcutaneous cervical muscle, along with obesity – is formed
�”Turkey neck”, which is not easy to remove.
- Obesity, lack of exercise almost always
accompanied by the formation of fat deposits in the neck and
lower jaw. Moreover, the chin-neck area is
the so-called “fat trap”, i.e. a place where fat is very easy
delayed and very difficult to leave.
- Dramatic weight loss. Formation of excess skin not capable
decrease following the loss of body fat
sagging tissue under the forces of gravity.
- Violations of the hormonal background. Against the background of an imbalance of hormones
there is a redistribution of adipose tissue with the deposition of fat in
chin area. For women, critical periods are
pregnancy and menopause.
- Endocrine diseases, in particular, hypo- and
hyperthyroidism. A lack of thyroid hormones leads to
obesity and fat deposition in traps. Excess hormones
characterized by an increase in thyroid, which visually appears
through the skin with the formation of goiter. Second chin is typical for
diabetes patients, especially with experience, when there is
significant excess body weight and severe deficiency
How to get rid of it
The approach to correcting this aesthetic problem is always
is individual and depends on the reasons that led to the cosmetic
defect. Most often, the correction is an integrated approach and includes
several ways, some of which will have to be used in
- Lifestyle change, which includes weight control and its
decrease in case of obesity, sufficient physical activity and
posture control. It should be remembered that you can not dramatically lose weight,
because the problem will only get worse. Need to give up high
pillows, giving preference to orthopedic models.
- Regular care of the neck and chin area. One of
common mistakes of many women paying attention to the skin
persons, century, but forgetting about the lower areas. Leather
the chin and neck also need hydration, nutrition and
toning. When making various masks, remember
Facial gymnastics includes a number of special exercises developed
to strengthen the muscular structures of the lower face and neck, improve
blood circulation, skin tightening and improving its elastic properties.
They should be performed every day for a month, repeating in
further course 2-3 times a year to maintain progress
Walking with weight on the head
As a weight, you can use a book that should be worn.
on the head for 10 minutes every day, strictly watching the posture and
so that the nose was also strung up.
You should imagine that there is a load on the chin.
Mentally, this load should be slowly lifted, head thrown back,
and also slowly return to the starting position. Make 5-6
Sticking out your tongue, you should try to reach the tip of the nose, and
then to the lowest possible point on the chin.
Repeat 10 times. Another effective exercise is drawing in
air “eight” language. Repeat 10 times.
In the position with the head thrown back should try
pull the lower lip onto the upper lip, after which the lower lip is maximally
pull down to your chin. Repeat 10 times.
Fists of both hands should support the chin from below and
try to put your head down while obstructing yourself
fists. Repeat 10 times.
To get rid of the second chin you need to maximize
facial muscles and pronouncing sounds with effort U, I.
Turns and tilts of the head
Make bends and turns of the head in different directions, repeating
Exercises from a prone position
Lie down on a flat surface and throw your hands behind your head.
Tear off the head from the surface with tension and effort, look
on the toes. There should be a feeling that the body is heavy.
After 60 seconds, return to its original position. Repeat 10 times.
Self-massage – a light, painless tapping back
palm on the neck in the lower jaw 5-10 times daily.
Pinch tricks are also allowed. More suitable for
prevention, but in complex use is also quite good.
Hydromassage and contrasting water procedures – Water jet from the shower
direct to the problem area and produce movements from the center
mental zone to the side.
After such a massage it is good to make contrasting lotions from
salt water, alternately laying napkins on the chin,
moistened first in warm, then cold solution (the final
lotion should be cold).
Also as a basis for lotions can be used infusion
medicinal herbs (chamomile, mint, lime blossom, sage, parsley).
From the infusion, you can make ice and wipe the skin with herbal
diced morning and evening.
All masks require regular use, at least 2 times a
a week It is better to carry out the procedure at night and complete its processing.
skin ice cubes from herbal infusion.
- Yeast mask. 1 tbsp. dry yeast is diluted warm
milk before the formation of gruel, which is left warm for 10-15
minutes, and then put on the neck and lower part of the face for half an hour.
- Lemon mask. Сок одного лимона и 1 tbsp. salts are added to 1
a glass of warm water, stirred, soaked in gauze solution and
laid on the problem area for 15 minutes. In the same solution can
wet the elastic bandage and tie their chin, but not
- Potato mask. Boiled potatoes make mashed potatoes and
разбавить его теплым молоком, добавить к составу 1 tbsp. honey and in
heat form applied to the skin of the neck and face for 10-20 minutes.
- Mask from yeast dough. The easiest way is to buy ready-made dough in
store, wrap their neck and chin on the principle of a scarf and
stand until it begins to harden (15-20 minutes).
They should be used in conjunction with other measures to
achieve a good result in a short time. Selection of procedures
always individual and depends on the initial state of human skin
taking into account possible contraindications.
- Miostimulyation – with the help of a special device and electrodes
impact on the nerve endings, which leads to
active contraction of muscle fibers, improved blood flow and
metabolic processes, reducing the amount of adipose tissue and improving
skin tone. Иначе процедуру именуют как массаж для ленивых, because
The effect is similar to an ordinary manual massage.
- Lifting – non-surgical lifting with special
Compound-Biocomplexes helps tighten the skin and improve it
condition, reduce the amount of adipose tissue.
- Mesotherapy – injecting in the area of the second
chin preparations leading to tissue tightening. Will apply
vitamin shakes, hyaluronic acid, collagen and elastin,
carbon dioxide and fat burners.
- Photorejuvenation – impact on the chin area
high-intensity light flux (wavelength is from 400-500 to 1200
nm). Neocollagen and elastin production is activated, decreases
gravitational ptosis and the amount of adipose tissue, toned muscles.
- Ozone therapy – an introduction under the skin of the chin area
ozone-oxygen mixture, which activates metabolic processes in
cages. Leather заметно подтягивается и становится более
- Ultrasonic Cavitation – Fat Dissolution
mental region with the subsequent removal of decay products
fat through lymph and venous blood.
- Radio Frequency Lifting – Chin Skin Lift, Lipolysis
subcutaneous fat, and stimulation of collagen and elastin production during
exposure to electromagnetic radiation in the range
- Fractional laser – thermal effect, having an effect
lifting (activation of the synthesis of collagen, elastin, the formation of new
cells), i.e. working with muscle tissue and skin but not
influencing fatty deposits
- Vacuum massage – an active effect on the skin with a special
the device leads to muscle contraction, improved skin tone and
destruction of subcutaneous fat.
- Manual massage – effective as a prophylaxis and for
initial sagging of tissue. Manual impact has
lymphatic drainage, tonic and activating effects.
- Salon masks – the most effective masks are alginate,
algal, salt, and also masks from cosmetic clay. Data
Compounds are characterized in that they create compression, causing muscles and
the skin shrinks and blood circulates faster, resulting in
the metabolism is accelerated, which means the growth of new ones is activated
Surgery methods are radical.
measures, however, and some of the most effective in advanced stages
problems that allow you to remove the second chin literally
a week The choice of correction method depends on the individual
features, the severity of the aesthetic problem and contraindications.
After the intervention, a certain amount of time (from several
days to several weeks) the patient must wear a special
It should be understood that the neck and double chin area is not
The best area for surgery. In her
there are many nerve fibers and vessels, the damage of which
dangerously. If you can do with conservative methods, you should not
go under the surgeon’s knife and put your life in danger.
Minimally invasive corrective technique to remove
excess subcutaneous fat from the problem area. On the skin are made
mini cuts up to 0.5 cm in diameter, so the scars after
no intervention remains. Excess fat is destroyed and excreted.
The operation solves the obesity problem of the chin zone, however after
its implementation requires the correction of weakened muscles and sagging
Implantation in the neck muscles of special threads made of
biodegradable material that strengthen weakened muscular
fabric and correct the drooping fabric. The operation is indicated for weakness.
muscular floor of the mouth.
Methods for surgical chin correction that lead to
a decrease or increase in its volume is shown in the case
anatomical features of the structure of the face and neck. Improved profile
and facial proportions, a beautiful contour is formed and corrected
submental area due to the redistribution of tissues.
When bone grafting, the bone itself is affected.
tissue, but cuts are made in the mouth so that there is no
postoperative scars. The procedure can be combined with the removal
excess skin and fat.
A less traumatic technique is silicone implantation.
facial implants from biocompatible materials to the area
chin, the size and shape of which is selected individually. Such
the operation also reduces or completely eliminates the second
chin through tissue redistribution.
General contraindications for surgical correction of the second
- Blood disorders;
- Oncological diseases;
- Severe hypertension;
- Thyroid disease;
- Acute infectious diseases and exacerbation of chronic
- Age (mostly, not earlier than 18-25 years);
- Pregnancy, lactation.
Prevention эстетической проблемы вытекает из причин ее
occurrence. Those. maximum elimination of factors and causes
which can lead to changes in the shape of the face, a healthy lifestyle
and maintaining normal weight will avoid the formation of a second
chin. Do not forget about regular care for the chin
self-massage, water procedures and homemade masks.
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог