How to recognize adrenal tumors in women?Symptoms and treatment

Content:

  • What is a tumor of the adrenal glands?
  • Tumor classification
  • Causes of adrenal tumors
  • Symptoms of adrenal tumors in women
  • Aldosteroma
  • Androsteroma
  • Corticosteroma
  • Corticoestroma
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Mielolipoma, lipoma
  • How to diagnose adrenal tumors
  • Laboratory methods
  • Instrumental methods
  • Treatment of tumors
  • Video
  • Forecast
  • Prevention

Adrenal tumor is a serious pathology, symptoms in
women are acute, manifested disruption of all systems
organism. The cunning of the disease is that it is disguised as
other diseases and because of this diagnosed late.

What is a tumor of the adrenal glands?

The adrenal glands are a paired organ that performs an endocrine function.
They are located above the upper points of the kidneys, produce several
hormones regulate all processes in the human body.
Participate in water-salt, protein, carbohydrate metabolism,
cause the development of sexual characteristics, contribute to the synthesis
adrenaline and norepinephrine. Organs have two layers: internal
(brain) and cortical (external).

The work of such important organs is disrupted by various
опухоли — новообразования, toоторые появляются в
the boundaries of one or both adrenal glands, are diagnosed in
every fifth person.

опухоль надпочечниtoов у женщин


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Tumor classification

Adrenal tumors in women vary in place, method
education, nature and hormonal activity.

By the nature of the neoplasm are:

  • benign;
  • malignant.

Benign differ small size, lack of
symptoms (myoma, fibroma, lipoma). Malignant
characterized by rapid development, pronounced manifestations.
Malignant include: teratome, melanoma, pyrogenic
crayfish.

Malignant делят на первичные (образуются непосредственно в
adrenal gland) and secondary (which are metastases of other cancers
bodies).

Depending on the place where the tumor was formed,
allocate:

  • Tumors of the cortex.
  • Brain Tumor.

Опухоль надпочечниtoов toлассифиtoация


In the adrenal cortex:

  • Corticosteroma.
  • Androsteroma.
  • Aldosteroma.

In the medulla:

  • Ganglioneuroma.
  • Pheochromocytoma.

Hormonal dependence are distinguished
Education:

  • Hormonally active.
  • Hormonally inactive.

The former are usually cancerous, the latter are benign.
nature Tumors diagnosed in women are often inactive.

Hormonal Hormonal
Adenoma Lipoma
Corticosteroma Fibroma
Corticoestroma Myoma
Androsteroma Mielolipoma
Aldosteroma

Malignant образования имеют четыре стадии
development:

  1. Tumor less than 0.5 cm, has no symptoms. Is detected
    by chance during an ultrasound.
  2. Education grows more than 1 cm, does not affect others
    organs.
  3. The tumor increases in size, becomes more than 5 cm.
    The patient has symptoms of intoxication. There are metastases in
    the nearest lymph nodes.
  4. Образование разрастается, метастазы поражают отдаленные organs.
    More often lungs and spinal cord. At this stage, the tumor is considered
    inoperable.

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значения у женщинto content ↑

Causes of adrenal tumors

In medicine, the exact reasons for the appearance of
neoplasms. Среди провоцирующих фаtoторов allocate:

  • Hereditary factor.
  • Congenital diseases of the endocrine system organs: thyroid gland,
    pituitary gland, pancreas.
  • Chronic liver and kidney disease.
  • Injuries.
  • Stress.
  • Hypertension.
  • Oncological diseases.
  • Unfavorable environmental conditions.
  • Abuse of alcohol and tobacco.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Malnutrition with a predominance of animal fats.

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Symptoms of adrenal tumors in women

Different tumors have different signs.

симптомы опухоли надпочечниtoов


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Aldosteroma

As a rule, benign, formed in the glomerular layer,
where the hormone is produced – aldosterone. Symptoms:

  • Increased pressure that is not reduced by standard
    drugs.
  • Increased urine formation.
  • Great thirst.
  • Muscle cramps.
  • Great weakness.

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Androsteroma

Formed in the reticular zone, where the male hormone is synthesized –
андроген. With this tumor, androgen is produced
in large quantities, suppressing female hormones. The woman
The following symptoms appear:

  • Rough voice.
  • Male type hair growth.
  • Change of a figure towards the man’s.
  • Aminorrhea (disappearance of menstruation).
  • Coarsening and hardening of the skin.
  • Increased sex drive.
  • Infertility.

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Corticosteroma

Often diagnosed tumor, in 70% of cases is
benign. Formed in the beam region,
продуцирует гормон toортизол в повышенном
toоличестве
. In women, the following
signs of:

  • Male obesity.
  • Face puffiness.
  • Climacteric hump.
  • Atrophy of the muscles of the legs, shoulders, anterior abdominal wall.
  • The appearance of a large number of stretch marks (stretch marks on the skin).
  • Ulcers and fungal infections of the nails, legs.
  • Decreased libido.
  • Increased blood pressure, arrhythmia, swelling, headache.
  • Depression, insomnia.
  • Diabetes.
  • Osteoporosis.

Without treatment can trigger a stroke or
heart attack.

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Corticoestroma

опухоль надпочечениtoов


This is a cancerous tumor, characterized by a rapid course and
small size. It is difficult to therapy. In women, severe
does not give symptoms, can only be detected by blood analysis, where
elevated estrogen levels are detected.

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Pheochromocytoma

Localized in the medulla. Usually benign, but
has serious complications. Is hormone-producing
it is shown by constant long vegetative crises:

  • Sudden rise in blood pressure, headaches, dizziness.
  • Pallor of the skin.
  • Tachycardia, chest pain.
  • Temperature rise.
  • Unexpected bouts of vomiting.
  • Panic attacks.

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Such attacks may last for several hours, repeating
every day. In severe cases, the risk of development increases
shock condition.

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Mielolipoma, lipoma

Stand apart among tumors, are diagnosed very rarely.
What is a lipoma? This is a tumor that is formed from
adipose tissue.
More often asymptomatic, occasionally gives
increased pressure and pain in the lumbar region. Mielolipoma в
The composition has particles of red bone marrow.

All adrenal tumors are united by common signs,
subdivided into primary and secondary.

Primary:

  • Increased blood pressure.
  • Nausea, vomiting.
  • Swelling of the legs.
  • Increased nervous excitement.
  • Panic attacks.
  • Feeling of pressure in the chest and abdomen.
  • Frequent urination.

Secondary:

  • Impaired renal function.
  • Sexual dysfunction.
  • Diabetes.

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How to diagnose adrenal tumors

Modern medicine has a sufficient arsenal of methods and
diagnostic tools for adrenal tumors. The doctor determines the size,
localization, type of education. To do this, use laboratory and
instrumental studies.

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Laboratory methods

  • Анализ toрови на toатехоламины (адреналин и
    norepinephrine).
  • Test with captopril. Before you pass
    analysis, the patient drinks captopril or its analogs. Then
    measured by the amount of hormones.
  • Analysis of daily urine for aldosterone, free
    cortisol
  • Флебография. This is a blood test from
    adrenal veins.

диагностиtoа надопочечниtoов


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Instrumental methods

  • Ultrasound of the adrenal glands. It identifies the location and size.
    education.
  • CT scan, MRI organs. With their help, a layer-by-layer image is obtained, where
    even the smallest tumors (up to 0.5 cm) are visible and are determined by their
    composition and character.

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Treatment of tumors

The choice of treatment for neoplasms depends on the size,
nature of the tumor. Benign, hormonally inactive and
small in size (up to 3 cm) formations cannot be removed,
especially if they do not show themselves. In these cases, the doctor
chooses the tactics of dynamic observation.

Malignant и гормонально-аtoтивные опухоли подлежат
surgical removal. After removal of cancer tumors
chemotherapy is prescribed.

Operations are carried out in two ways:

  • Open cavity surgery.
  • Laparoscopy (accessed through small incisions in
    stomach).

During the operation, the tumor is removed along with part of
affected organ. In the case of large tumors,
radical resection (adrenalectomy), with cancer removal
the nearest lymph nodes are also exposed.

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in the body

операция опухоль надпочечниtoов


After surgery, the patient is prescribed hormone replacement.
therapy and ongoing monitoring to prevent recurrence
education pathology.

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Video










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Forecast

Forecast зависит от вида опухоли и стадии, на toоторой она была
detected. Malignant образования, toаto правило, имеют
unfavorable prognosis. Survival after removal and
follow-up chemotherapy is 2%.

Для доброtoачественных образований прогноз благоприятный.
Рецидивы возниtoают очень редtoо. After removal of pheochromocytoma in
пациента сохраняется пожизненная гипертония и тахиtoардия умеренной
степени, поtoазан прием препаратов для снижения АД. When deleting
toортиtoостеромы все симптомы исчезают через 2 месяца. Back to normal
comes weight, pressure. Часто пациентtoам назначается пожизненная
hormone therapy to maintain normal metabolism and
hormone levels.

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