Update: October 2018
Ingrown hairs on legs and other parts of the body, referred to as
medicine pseudofolliculitis, included in the group of diseases disorders
hair growth. In this case, the hair shaft remains under the skin.
and begins to grow in the opposite direction, i.e. deep down
In most cases occur in places
regular removal of unwanted hair: on the neck, face, legs, in
axillary and pubic area. Externally look like a small
patch of swelling, accompanied by redness and itching.
Women may notice that hair has grown in the bikini area: a bump,
formed on the skin, and there is pseudo-folliculitis. Inflammatory
the nature of the pathology may be of different severity – in
half of the cases through the skin appears purulent contents, but
inflammation occurs anyway because the ingrown organism
hair is perceived by the skin as a foreign body.
Hair ingrowth due to traumatic effects on the skin
is a feature that some people see: everything
men shave, and women use particular hair removal methods,
however, the problem of pseudo-folliculitis is observed only in a part of
Representatives of the Negroid race are subject to this disease.
обладатели жестких, вьющихся hair, сухой skin. Such a feature
as a sharp angle of inclination of the hair follicles relative to
skin surface also contributes to ingrowth.
Causes of Ingrown Hair
The consequence of the depilation carried out at home
Techniques such as shaving with a razor,
electric razors, epilation using special creams and wax
strips, remove only the cutaneous, protruding part of the hair, and
луковицы остаются внутри skin. With each subsequent depilation
hair weakens and becomes thinner, and the skin, on the contrary, coarsens and
thickens: the cornified epidermis is not exfoliated and closes the mouth
Thus, a thin hair shaft cannot break through.
and begins to curl into a spiral and grow in the opposite direction.
After epilation, ingrown hairs become visible after 1-2
of the day In some cases, should abandon that method
hair removal (depilatories, hot wax, etc.), in which
This problem occurs and replace with another method, for example,
shugaring (thick sugar paste).
Lack of preparation of the skin before and after depilation
Apply emollients and moisturizers before shaving.
for hair and skin, as well as the use of special products for
shaving and subsequent care for irritated skin: even the most
Careful hair removal is a mini stress for the dermis.
Violation of hair shaving technique
Shaving against growth, using blunt blades,
Extensive shaving of hair from the same area
strong pressure and stretching of the skin when shaving, very frequent
A rare but still occurring reason when a person has
accelerated keratinization and the epithelium becomes coarse and dense, through
which the hair shaft is difficult to break out.
Rubbing the shaved skin area with tight and tight clothing
Signs of pseudofolliculitis
- Local redness and swelling of the skin area that was
depilated. This is the very first sign that develops.
before hair ingrowth.
- Dense papules, accompanied by soreness and itching of the skin,
resembling nodules that occur within 2-3 days
- Skin through the tip of the hair or hair loop,
serving outside. These signs are not always visible.
- Suppuration of the nodule may develop: translucent through the skin
- The formation of dense nodules and white pimples, referred to as
mile Occurs within 1-2 weeks, with further ingrowth
hair shaft and no treatment.
- With a complicated course: infectious abscesses and ulcers,
most commonly caused by bacteria of the genus pseudomonas or
Further symptoms depend on the tactics of ingrown
- Output hair shaft out due to self
to overcome the skin barrier – local inflammatory reaction,
which gradually subsides.
- Self-opening of the nodule with a non-sterile needle
or tweezers, squeezing with dirty hands (most cases) –
follicle infection and fusion of the nodules to form
purulent pustules, after the resolution of which remains long
hyperpigmentation and keloid scars.
- Removal of ingrown hair in a beauty salon,
medical institution – the formation of an aseptic wound, after
permissions which some time remains insignificant
Ingrown hairs differentiate from ostiofolliculitis, folliculitis,
acne vulgaris, follicular hyperkeratosis, pyoderma.
How to remove ingrown hair under medical conditions
If the ingrown hair has become a bump with purulent contents, there is
tendency to spread inflammation either were taken
independent actions that led to suppuration should be addressed
to the dermatologist:
- a purulent pustule is opened by a surgical scalpel or
- очищается от гноя и hair;
- washed with antiseptic (hydrogen peroxide,
- apply a sterile dressing with antimicrobial ointment.
It would seem that these simple actions can be carried out at home. But this
big mistake: keep sterility at all stages of the procedure in
home conditions difficult, great chance of adding additional
infections in the skin. It is especially dangerous to touch purulent pustules,
located on the face and neck: a rich network of blood vessels
contributes to the rapid spread of infection.
Independent removal of ingrown hair
Valid only at the stage of aseptic inflammation (before pus).
You can not use these methods on the neck and face.
An antibacterial ointment is applied on the skin.
erythromycin (40 rub), clindamycin (Dalatsin gel 850 rub) or
benzoyl peroxide (Bazirone 800 rub.) for the relief of inflammation, i.e.
removal of redness and swelling (1-2 days). Then the skin is steamed out and
exfoliate dead epidermis using scrub:
- You can buy in the pharmacy ready salt scrub.
- Or use this recipe home scrub – 0.5 kg of food
salts, 1 package of turmeric and 200 ml of vegetable oil (all
- Coffee scrub – 3 tsp vegetable oil, 2 cups
ground coffee or coffee grounds, half a cup of sugar, everything
After thoroughly rinse the affected area and such a procedure.
hair is released immediately or in the next day. With
If necessary, repeat the procedure.
- You can try this method
Chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide (2 parts), ointment badyaga (1
part), stir and apply for 5 minutes only on the problem
plot, then rinse thoroughly. This method is not suitable in all
cases and not all, because badyaga promotes hair growth.
- With начавшемся воспалении
You can buy Skinoren gel or in the pharmacy any remedy for
acne with salicylic acid (see how to get rid of acne).
Invasive method involves the use of a sterile needle and
It is not recommended to open the nodule with purulent contents. AT
Ideally, it should be translucent or arching
hair. What to do – skin in place of the procedure, hands and tweezers carefully
treated with medical alcohol. Sterile needle from a new syringe
gently hook a hair and release it. With необходимости
use tweezers. After the procedure, the skin is treated with medical
alcohol and impose on the wound ointment with an antibiotic. AT течение
several days before complete healing should be abandoned
depilation of this zone.
Prevention of pseudo-folliculitis – how to deal with ingrowth
- Replacement tools for depilation. If pseudo folliculitis occurs
from a razor, it is worth switching to an electric epilator (electric shaver in case
men), wax strips or depilatory cream, shugaring
- Refusing to shave temporarily – you can
refuse to shave at least for a while, especially since
brutal image with a bristle or beard is now in vogue.
- Properly care for the skin before and after depilation. Skin should
be steamed and cleaned from dead skin epithelium. You can also
помассировать кожу и распрямить тем самым hairки. With
using a mechanical razor, be sure to use special
shaving gels and foams. After the procedure, the skin is lubricated
antiseptic and then emollient and
anti-inflammatory creams and lotions.
- Follow the technique of depilation. With сбривании механической бритвой
движения производят по росту hair. You can not stretch the skin,
repeatedly hold a razor in one place, etc. TO
electric shavers and epilators are always accompanied by instructions that
should be respected.
- Сбривать hairки, отросшие хотя бы на 2 мм. Especially this
for women who are willing to shave off “vegetation” in the area
bikini and underarms daily.
- Использовать средства для уменьшения скорости роста hair: крем
успокаивающий после депиляции Алоэ ATера от Dr. Bio, TOрем Planta
замедляющий рост hair от AL CAPTAIN и др.
- There are special inhibitor agents against ingrown
hair (например, салфетки Clean+Easy). However, they are expensive, and
effectiveness is highly questionable.
- Scrubs can only be used 3-4 days after
depilation, you can not use them often, intensely and peeling
- After scrub, you must apply a moisturizer,
since dry skin is one of the main causes of ingrowth
- With возникновении пигментации после вросших hair возможно
use of depilatory cream, salicylic ointment, ichthyol ointment,
|Успокаивающий крем после депиляции Алоэ ATера от Dr. Bio 150
|TOрем Beauty Image «Foli-End»от вросших hair 680 rub.||TOрем Planta замедляющий рост hair от AL CAPTAIN 260 rub.||Салфетки Clean+Easy, около 900 rub.||
Лосьон для удаления вросших hair «Ingrow Go»1200 rub.
Спрей для замедления роста hair «Hair No More»1200rub.
Professional removal of unwanted hair
Оно проводится в специализированных institutionsх и предотвратит
вросшие hairы бикини, на ногах. Required in each specific
случае способ удаления hair должен порекомендовать
врач-дерматолог, учитывая особенности кожи и hair. TO мягким
methods of depilation include bioepilation methods: shugaring and
waxing, but they do not always give the desired effect,
which in any case is temporary.
Methods such as electrolysis, laser and photoepilation,
are non-contact and atraumatic, affect
непосредственно на hairяные фолликулы и позволяют полностью убрать
нежелательные hairки, предотвращая их дальнейший рост.
Contraindicated in the presence of skin infections and diseases,
cancer pathology, hypersensitivity to physical
methods of exposure, pregnancy and lactation.
- Photoepilation Поглощая тепло, стержень hair становится
проводником и доставляет световую энергию к зоне роста hair, что
leads to its destruction.
- With лазерной и электроэпиляции осуществляется точечное
воздействие на фолликул hair с помощью лазерного луча или
electric current. TOонечный эффект – деструкция ростковой зоны
Таким образом, если у вас обнаружился вросший hair – лечение не
worth deferring, but it should be approached correctly, and not
try to squeeze pustula with dirty hands!
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог