Information about how you can get hepatitis C applies to
each of us, no one is immune from this, we are all in
risk group for infecting such a formidable and insidious
заболеванием, как гепатит WITH. How is hepatitis C transmitted, механизмы
transmission, how hepatitis C is not transmitted, what tests are diagnosed
virus, is it possible to re-infection with hepatitis C and about others
issues related to hepatitis C are all in this article.
What should everyone know about hepatitis C?
- The main mechanism of transmission of hepatitis C – when in the blood of healthy
person gets blood not only sick with hepatitis C, but also
just infected by this virus person.
- In human blood is the maximum amount of viral
agents, but this is not the only biological fluid in which
may be a virus. In a small amount you can find it.
in menstrual blood in women, in semen in men, in saliva, and in
- Even in dried biological fluids infected
human, this insidious virus has vitality, but only
from 12 to 96 hours.
- In our country only after 1992 began to be carried out
universal donor blood screening for the presence of hepatitis C in
- From the state of the immune system of a person who had contact with
infected by blood, on the degree of viral damage of this
contact patient also depends on the probability of infection.
- Over 170 million people on the planet have chronic hepatitis
C. Every year the number of infected people increases by 4.
million. This disease exists in all countries, but the percentage
infected people in different countries is very different.
When is the chance of getting hepatitis C high?
In all salons where unsterile manipulations are performed
instruments and materials with possible blood-to-blood contact. it
first of all concerns manicure, pedicure salons,
tattoo parlors where tattoos and piercings are made and where not
the rules of sanitary safety are strictly observed.
Read also on the topic:
- Hepatitis C incubation period
- Alcoholic hepatitis: symptoms, prognosis
- The cost of treating hepatitis C is equal to the price of a foreign car in Russia
- How much live with hepatitis C
- Symptoms and treatment of chronic hepatitis
- Hepatitis C treatment
The most common infection occurs when sharing
drugs through intravenous injections because
there is an active exchange of a significant amount of blood, therefore
The majority of infected people are young people.
There is also a high risk of hepatitis in prison
High risk of infection among health care workers when working with
infected blood, it is possible with the injury of medical staff during
time of manipulations, procedures with infected blood.
Until 1992, blood transfusions, surgery could
cause people to become infected, according to some estimates
accounts for 4% of all infections.
When using someone else’s personal hygiene products, manicure
tools, razors, toothbrushes, etc., which may contain
microparticles of infected blood. If blood particles get into the blood
healthy person, it can cause virus infection.
In developing countries with medical procedures and
манипуляциях с кровью, к примеру, в стоматологических
cabinets, operations, injuries, vaccinations, still
остается высокий риск заражения гепатитом WITH. В России также еще
there are cabinets (tattoo parlors, hairdressers) where they can roughly
violate sanitary norms and rules for handling tools.
It is usually rare to establish the true source of infection.
hepatitis C because the incubation period for hepatitis C is sufficient
Is hepatitis C transmitted sexually?
For hepatitis C sexual transmission
считается маловероятным для заражения. If there was
unprotected sexual contact with an infected orchestra,
the probability of infection is no more than 3-5%.
Using a condom all the risk of infection reduces to zero. By
the appearance of a person cannot be determined he is sick with hepatitis C or
no, the more it is impossible to understand whether he is infected or not.
The risk of transmitting hepatitis C sexually increases with a large
the number of regular random connections without remedies, and
with aggressive sex with possible damage to the mucous membranes, their
bleeding during anal sex without a condom or sex
act during menstruation in a woman. If the person is married,
then the risk of sexually transmitted infections is minimal (1%).
Is hepatitis C transmitted through saliva, through a kiss?
It is believed that through kisses and saliva the risk of transmission of hepatitis C
reduced to zero, since in the saliva the presence of the virus is possible
only in a minimal amount and only if the person is already
seriously ill with hepatitis. Byэтому передача гепатита С через поцелуи
impossible or unlikely. However, it has not yet been established
Is oral sex, for example, through transmission of the virus?
Is hepatitis transmitted to a child from the mother?
it случается крайне редко, от инфицированной матери к плоду во
Hepatitis C can be transmitted during labor. only 5% of cases. In
during pregnancy through the placenta the virus is not transmitted, but when
passage of the birth canal, the child may be infected. However,
infected mothers most babies are born healthy.
Medicine in Russia today does not yet have
accurate statistics on the course of infection in adults and
children. And there are no clear methods for preventing infection. Neither
treatment protocols for newborns, nor observational data
sick women and children in our camp are not developed, and not
are underway. Whether to be held in the future – also remains under
a big question. Analysis for the presence of hepatitis C virus in a child,
родившегося от матерей с гепатитом, следует проводить не
earlier than 1-1.5 years after birth.
There are also no clear studies on whether
hepatitis C with mother’s milk or not. Byка врачи рекомендуют матерям
with hepatitis C do not breastfeed the child in case of dairy cracks
glands, with wounds or breaches of the breast. Considering
how hepatitis C is transmitted, mother should always be vigilant and
any bleeding wound should be perceived as real
the threat of transmission of the virus to their children and loved ones.
Is hepatitis C transmitted by household or
Inздушно-капельным путем гепатит С точно не передается, ни при
talking, neither coughing or sneezing. Also neither handshakes nor
hugs, no common kitchen items, common food or drinks
contribute to the spread of the virus, and hepatitis is not transmitted
With insect bites.
Only in the case of injury, abrasion, transmission can occur in everyday life.
virus from the carrier to a healthy person, through the blood particles, but
the probability of this is negligible. The presence of infection should not
to be a reason for isolating this family member and creating for him
special conditions. Just be careful if you have
bleeding wounds in the carrier of the virus. Young people, carriers
virus, in Russia are exempted from military service
If infection has occurred, is it possible not to get sick with hepatitis
- With a very strong immune system, after infection people
tolerates hepatitis C in mild form and is recovering. Frequency of such
cases close to 20%.
- In most cases – 70% after infection of a person.
приобретает хронический гепатит WITH. Byэтому все без исключения
carriers of the virus should be regularly examined, observed in
because the risk of virus activation is retained in all carriers
until the end of life.
- You can also get infected and remain a carrier of the virus. Wherein
hepatitis C multiplies very slowly, showing no
symptoms. Neither печеночные пробы, ни биопсия печени не выходят за
norms and there is no change. However, this does not exclude
progression of the virus in a hidden form.
Can you become infected and get hepatitis C again?
Yes, since immunity to the virus is not produced when
re-infection the risks are exactly the same even if
Held successful treatment of hepatitis C in the past. Besides,
There are several types of hepatitis C virus that may
fresh infection and that also cause hepatitis.
Risk group for hepatitis C – who should be especially
Высокий риск инфицирования у следующих
categories of citizens:
- People who received blood transfusions before 1987, and
also all persons who had surgery before 1992
of the year.
- Daily Infected Health Care Providers
- In people who inject drugs.
- HIV infected people (see symptoms of HIV infection,
Средне повышенный риск заражения гепатитом
- People with various unexplained liver diseases
- Hemodialysis patients
- Babies born to infected mothers are always at risk.
accidentally get infected by the mother.
Слабый риск инфицирования:
- All medical professionals
- Employees of the sanitary-epidemiological services
- Sexually active people having many random
partners and no condoms.
- People who have the same but infected partner
Who should be checked first?
- All persons at risk should be annually
обследование на гепатит WITH.
- Medical professionals each year and in the case after the injection needle
patient’s blood, for example, in the wound or in the eye.
- Even in the case of a single accidental unprotected sex.
contact, injecting drug use even for many years
- Hepatitis C tests are also taken by all persons infected.
The most important analysis, which is done in all clinics,
private laboratories – is the blood by ELISA for antibodies to hepatitis
WITH. Его положительный результат только указывает на факт заражения,
and not on the progression of hepatitis. it не является 100% точной
diagnostics, because there are false-negative and
false positive tests for a variety of reasons. If a person has
there is a suspicion of unreliability of this analysis, should
go through a more accurate diagnosis.
There is a patient with hepatitis C in the family – what to do?
Considering how hepatitis C is transmitted and how it survives
environment up to 96 hours, in case a blood accident
an infected family member got somewhere in the room, on clothes
etc., the surface should be treated with any chlorine-containing
средствами — Доместос, Белизна, Хлоргексидин (для
skin). When washing clothes or linen at 60C, the virus dies for
half an hour, and when boiling for two minutes.
The virus carrier itself must comply with elementary measures
preventing transmission to their loved ones:
- For any injuries, abrasions and bleeding should be urgently
bandage injuries or patch them up. When
assisting an infected family member to wear
- Have only personal manicure sets, razors,
epilators, toothbrushes, and never use those items
other household members who can
to be potential transmission factors for the virus.