- The nature of the movement of the fetus
- First trimester
- Second trimester
- Third trimester
- Stir rate
- When there is reason to worry
The first fetal movements ─ the most exciting moments in the period pregnancy. How a baby moves in his stomach when this happens for the first time, what behavior of the baby should be a signal for mom anxiety?
Pregnant fetal movements begin to notice in the middle pregnancy, moreover, women who give birth not for the first time, Feel the child before those who expect the firstborn.
Mothers giving birth are already familiar with such sensations, while with the first pregnancy, you can confuse fetal movements with muscle spasms, increased intestinal motility, gas formation. At It’s not the first time that pregnant women have the abdominal wall already stretched, it’s more sensitive. Slender women feel the fetus before pregnant with overweight.
When does the baby begin to move in the stomach? From the first during pregnancy, fetal movements are felt at weeks 18-22; repeated childbirth, you can feel the baby from the 16th week.
The nature of the movement of the fetus
With the first sensations of their child, mothers have a lot questions: how often does the baby have to remind himself of whether is his behavior active? Do not forget that all children─ individuality: they will grow in their rhythm, therefore, the norms for fetal movement are presented in a wide range.
The fastest growth of the fetus is observed in the first 90 days. AT as a result of intense cell division, an embryo develops, fixed on the uterus. Protect the fetus uterine muscles, amniotic fluid shells and fluid, from 7-8 weeks on the ultrasound fix a stir limbs.
The nervous system is already capable of creating impulses to the muscles. Movement at first erratic, it is difficult to understand their meaning, and tremors very weak so you can feel them.
At 14-15 weeks, the arms and legs of the grown fetus clearly differentiate (concrete outlines are guessed), movements become intense. The kid is already moving easily in amniotic amniotic fluid. He is small enough to one could feel these shocks into the wall of the uterus.
By the 18th week, fetal movements are felt more clearly, mothers explain these touches like “fish or butterflies in the stomach.” With the growth of the baby stirring become more active and at 20-22 weeks they all feel women.
The child has not yet taken a certain position, therefore, the tremors felt in different parts of the abdomen. What does the baby do?
On ultrasound, except for coups and spins, fix many other activities: he tries amniotic fluid (can be understood by the movement of the jaw), twirls head, banging legs and arms, tugging on the umbilical cord. The stronger baby, the more noticeable of his “kicks” when he swims and flips over, you can notice a change in the shape of the abdomen.
At the same time with uniform shudders, we can understand that the child hiccups. Active ingestion of liquid leads to reduction of the diaphragm, which at the level of reflexes is trying to push out. It’s completely harmless, it’s normal to lack of this problem.
At the seventh month, the baby rotates easily and by the 32nd week chooses for myself is already a permanent position. Usually he takes a pose with his head down head presentation. When he chooses a pose with his feet or buttocks down, this position is called pelvic presentation.
In one embodiment, tremors are felt in the upper abdomen, in another – the baby is moving in the lower abdomen. Now mom can determine cycles, when the baby sleeps awake, understands what posture for it’s convenient, because if it takes an uncomfortable position, baby necessarily warns her about intense discomfort movements.
If she lies on her back, the uterus presses on the blood vessels and blood, enriched with oxygen, does not reach the baby in the necessary quantity. If the circulatory system is constricted, the fetus senses slight oxygen starvation, proving violent protesting movements.
Before childbirth, movements are observed in the area where legs of the child, usually in the right hypochondrium (if the child fixed head down and back to the left). These kicks can be painful enough to ease the condition, pregnant lean forward slightly or lie on your side. In such a pose blood circulation increases, and the child, having received his dose of oxygen, calms down.
Closer to the onset of labor, the head (or buttocks with another position) fix the position of the entrance to the small pelvis. Outwardly it It looks like the stomach is dropping. Future mothers notice that the baby moves a little in the stomach.
This behavior is explained by the fact that it is already too large, and it is cramped in the stomach for active movements. From this rule there are also exceptions when children reacting to a constraint freedom, pushing even harder.
The nature of the movements of the child It is a kind of “sensor” throughout pregnancy. By force and regularity of movements can assess the condition of the fetus. Until he too large (25 weeks), between the movements of the fetus may be daily interval.
This does not mean that the child froze for 24 hours. Just these movements are not felt ─ the fetus is weak, and mom has little experience to Recognize all movements. From the 27th week will be the norm stirring the fetus up to 10 times within every 2-3 hours.
Doctors have developed a special calendar that describes the movements fetus. Daily pregnant counts the number of movements writing every tenth in a table. When it seems to her like a fetus froze, you need to drink a glass of milk or eat something (after eating the fetus has more energy), and in the next 2 hours, note everything changes. Normally, they should be 5-10.
If during these 2 hours no movement is felt, it is necessary to actively to move (walk up the stairs), and then lie down. Most often such enough measures to restore activity. If after all attempts to change are not observed, it is urgent (maximum – after 3 hours) contact a gynecologist. Nature of movements reflects the functional state of children, and they should be treated very carefully.
In the third semester, pregnant women have already found a common language with the baby and notice all the changes in his condition. Many women worry when the child is actively moving in the stomach. Increased activity ─ this is not a pathology, usually it is associated with a bad posture for the fetus pregnant when the baby does not have enough oxygen.
When there is reason to worry
A much more serious criterion is the slowdown or complete freezing of the fetus. This behavior may be caused by hypoxia (oxygen deficiency).
If the number of movements has decreased or after 6 hours they are not felt completely, it is urgent to see a doctor. When an urgent visit impossible to the gynecologist, call an ambulance. Obstetric with a stethoscope, you need to listen to the baby’s heartbeat, normally it’s 120-160 bpm
If listening to a rhythm is not shows threats to the health of the child, conduct CTG. Cardiotocographic examination makes it possible to evaluate heart contractions and the condition of the fetus, the presence of hypoxia.
During the procedure, a special sensor is fixed in front, on the abdominal wall, where the back of the baby is located with an approximate projection heart. The sensor will detect heart rate a child. The pregnant woman has a button that he presses if he feels fetal movement.
On the curve, this is indicated by special marks. If everything is fine, then in response to tremors, the heartbeat accelerates (the so-called “motor-cardiac reflex”). It arises from the 30-32th week, and CTG at this point is the most effective diagnostic method.
Studies are carried out in half an hour. If the heart rate is not fixed in response to motor reactions, a pregnant woman should Walk actively and try again. If myocardial complexes no, you can think about oxygen deficiency.
At 30-32 weeks, the doctor prescribes dopplerometric a study that checks the rate of bleeding in the umbilical cord and the fetus. The study of analyzes allows you to clarify diagnosis.
If hypoxia is confirmed, treatment depends on its degree. manifestations. With minor symptoms, a pregnant woman is observed, conduct QGT and Dopplerometry, study the dynamics, prescribe funds to improve blood flow and provide the fetus with the necessary nutrition.
If the symptoms of oxygen starvation are clearly expressed, spend urgent delivery, as alternative methods for there is no elimination of oxygen deficiency today. Doctor will choose to save a child cesarean section or delivery naturally, depending on the pregnant woman’s state of health, degree of readiness of the birth canal, gestational age. They make this decision individually. For what reason baby can hiccup in mom’s stomach – read an interesting publication.
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If all pregnant women control fetal movements and do not put off a visit to the gynecologist when there are any doubts, then the probability of preventing an undesirable outcome will be enough great. And by what signs can you navigate to understand how a child moves in his stomach, you already know.