Horsetail: medicinal propertiescontraindications, use, composition, benefit and harm

Update: October 2018

Field horsetail (pusher, nipple, ponytail) – perennial
herbaceous plant, part of the horsetail family. Distributed in
subarctic, tropical and temperate regions, ranging from
Iceland and ending in Alaska.

On the territory of Russia and the post-Soviet countries
It is found everywhere, with the exception of the northern parts and deserts.
It prefers forests, floodplain meadows, bushes, river banks,
sand banks, fields, selects sand or moderately wet
soil. It grows in the mountains, reaching the subalpine belt. Considered
a weed that is rather difficult to take out and can form
whole thickets.

It is a tender tree-like plant with a knob on top for sure
known to many people, but few people guess about its useful
properties. Herbalists and pharmacologists medicinal properties and
contraindications of horsetail have been known for a long time, which allows
apply plant medicine in medicine.

But only this is not limited to the scope of application of the dog.
Spring shoots are eaten both fresh and after
heat treated, added to sauces, pies, casseroles.
They are considered nutritious food for wild animals, but in large
cattle and horses can cause poisoning.

Morphological description

The grass of the horsetail reaches a height of 40-50 cm, has a long
creeping rhizome, which forms short branches in
tubers for vegetative propagation of a plant accumulating
nutrients.

Elevated shoots are 2 types:

Generative
shoots

They are unbranched, have a brown or pinkish color, differ
triangular leaf teeth of brown color. After
созревают споры, бесхлорофandлльные shoots отмandрают andлand прandобретают
green color, form side twigs and in this form already
indistinguishable from vegetative shoots. At the top there sporiferous
oval cylindrical spike.

Vegetative
the form

The grass is green. Внутрand shoots полые, прямостоячandе andлand
high above the ground, with twigs and smooth
by the surface.

Leaf teeth are combined in whorls from 6 to 16, which
grow together or remain free. The branches in verticils are simple or
weakly branchy, looking up. Reduced leaves on the stem
have a cylindrical shape. Spikelets have almost cylindrical
shape and length 2-3 cm.

It does not have flowers and multiplies by means of spores.

Chemical composition

The unique chemical composition of horsetail (aboveground parts of the plant)
determines healing properties:

  • carbohydrates (galactose, pectin, mannose, glucose, arabinose,
    xylose);
  • resins;
  • saponins (equizetonin and others);
  • carotene;
  • vitamin C;
  • mineral salts;
  • tannins;
  • silicic acid salts;
  • (kempferol-3-soforazide, 5-glucoside-luteolin,
    Quercetin-3-glycoside, apigenin-5-glycoside, saponaretin,
    dihydroquercetin and others);
  • alkaloids (nicotine, trimethoxypyridine, equizetin,
    dimethyl sulfone);
  • organic acids (nicotinic, malic, quinic,
    aconitic, oxalic, fumaric, gluconic);
  • phenol carboxylic acids (vanillic, gallic, protocatechic,
    ferulic, coffee),
  • fatty oil (composed of campesterol, β-sitosterol,
    isofucosterol);
  • bitterness.

All chemicals together define an integrated
therapeutic effect.

  • For example, herbal preparations of the plant are superior to renal charges by
    diuretic effect, have pronounced hemostatic
    and anti-inflammatory properties, improve proliferation
    connective tissue, accelerates tissue regeneration, especially when
    tuberculosis process, activate the activity of the adrenal cortex,
    normalize calcium and phosphorus metabolism.
  • Flavonoids define antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory.
    actions;
  • Horsetail helps to eliminate lead from the body;
  • Silicon compounds improve metabolic processes
    and the state of connective tissue, vascular walls and mucous membranes
    shells. The special role of silicic acid salts play for the development
    bone tissue. In the urine, these compounds prevent crystallization
    salts and stone formation.
  • A strong diuretic effect makes the plant effective for
    losing weight, but remember that with excess fluid
    minerals are also washed out, therefore abusing vegetative
    diuretics can not be. Besides relying only on
    herbal preparations in order to lose weight is not advisable.

Collecting and harvesting

Бесплодные весеннandе shoots собandрают в летнandй перandод года:
cut with a knife, sickle and dried under sheds or on
attics After drying, place in canvas or paper bags.
Shelf life – 4 years.

Medicinal properties

Plant preparations are characterized by a number of positive actions:
antimicrobial, hemostatic, antihelminthic,
diuretic, antispasmodic, astringent, expectorant,
antiseptic, tonic, wound healing.

This allows the use of field horsetail with health benefits when
a number of diseases:

  • inflammatory processes in the oral cavity: periodontal disease, gingivitis,
    stomatitis, tonsillitis. Appointed horsetail and with adenoids, helps
    eliminate inflammation, swelling and restore breathing.
  • fungal infections caused by Trichophyton mentagrophytes,
    rubrum, Aspergillus niger, Microsporum canis;
  • catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, chronic bronchitis and
    bronchial asthma;
  • CHD;
  • pathologies of the musculoskeletal system: sciatica, arthritis,
    arthrosis, osteochondrosis, bone fractures;
  • duodenal ulcer, cholecystitis and
    chronic cholangiohepatitis, pancreatitis;
  • metabolic pathologies (gout, mild and moderate forms
    diabetes mellitus), overweight;
  • congestion due to heart failure and
    respiratory function, which are manifested by internal and external
    edema (heart failure, congenital heart disease,
    pleurisy with a large exudate);
  • diseases of the urinary tract: cystitis, pielity, urethritis,
    IBC;
  • atherosclerosis of the CNS and heart vessels;
  • hemorrhoidal, nasal and uterine bleeding;
  • The healing properties of the horsetail allow it to be used for women with
    metrorrhagia and inflammatory processes;
  • insufficient intake of minerals or violation of their absorption
    in people of old age;
  • pulmonary tuberculosis and skin (prescribed in parallel
    chemotherapy treatment);
  • lead poisoning, acute and chronic;
  • chronic outdoor sluggish purulent wounds, ulcers, and
    abscesses, lichen, furuncles, eczema, neurodermatitis, psoriasis,
    dermatitis;
  • dandruff, seborrhea of ​​the scalp, hyperkeratosis,
    baldness.

Pharmaceutical preparations with horsetail

Phytolysin

Phytolysin — комбandнandрованный препарат растandтельного проandсхожденandя
in the form of a paste to obtain a solution for internal use when
inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract of infectious nature and
nephrourolithiasis;

Horsetail Grass (Herba Equiseti)

Dry plant raw materials with a wide range of applications.

Extract liquid or dry

Has many indications and applies: to stop nasal
bleeding, treatment of diseases of the urinary system, enuresis, improvement
condition of problem skin, etc.

Scientific research horsetail

  • Mention of an amazing plant found in the writings of Avicenna and
    Pliny, dating from the 1st century BC, which was positioned as
    unique styptic.
  • The first work of domestic scientists to study the composition
    plants and its properties appeared in 40 years. XX century.
  • The presence of flavonoid substances and phenol carboxylic acids
    было опandсано чешскandмand ученымand в 1980 гг., которые andзучалand
    plant composition by thin layer chromatography.
  • In 2008, on the basis of the Siberian State Medical
    The university has been proven to be anti-toxic, diuretic,
    antiexudative and antifungal effects of plant extract
    both in vitro and in vivo.
  • In 2014, on the basis of the Kursk Medical University
    An experimental study of diuretic was conducted.
    plant infusion activity in outbred white rats, during
    which has been proven to increase diuresis in the experimental group of animals
    by 95.7%.

Folk recipes with horsetail

Healing Tea

  • It has a low concentration of active substances and is indicated for
    prevention of the above diseases either at the initial stage
    pathologies. Especially recommended for older people and all people in
    autumn-winter period of time. 2 tsp. dry grass pour 0.2 l
    boiling water and for 30 min. insist, filter. The second way:
    raw materials in the same volume are mixed with 200 ml of cold boiled water
    and insist for 12 hours
  • Take the resulting volume in small sips, 3-4 times a day., In
    for 2-3 months

Decoction

  • 20 grams of dry grass is placed in a saucepan, add 200 ml
    boiling water, cover with lid and heated for half an hour in a water bath.
    Cool to a warm state, filter, squeezing raw materials. Volume
    decoction is brought to 200 ml by dilution with warm boiled
    water
  • Indications: renal, pulmonary and cardiac edema.
    of origin, including, on the background of exudative pleurisy, cardiac
    insufficiency, inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, bladder;
    JCB, diarrhea, prevention of internal bleeding in gastrointestinal ulcers,
    copious painful menstruation, fungal infections (by mouth).
    Inflammatory diseases of the mouth and throat (rinse), wounds,
    bedsores, ulcers, eczema, furunculosis (washing), arthrosis and arthritis
    (warm compresses).
  • Is ingested by 1-2 st.l. or a third of a glass 2-3
    times a day 60 minutes after eating.

Infusion

  • 20 grams of horsetail grass is poured 200 ml of boiling water and evaporated under
    warm towel for 1 h, filter.
  • Indications: urolithiasis, inflammatory diseases
    liver and bladder, swelling of cardiac origin,
    inflammatory diseases of female genitalia, atherosclerosis,
    hypertension, bone fractures (inside). Long
    non-healing wounds, suppurations, ulcers, pressure sores, eczema, furunculosis,
    (washing), loose, porous and inflamed skin (wiping),
    gout, rheumatism, pleurisy (warm compresses), sore throat and
    inflammatory diseases of the throat and mouth (gargle).
    Conjunctivitis (instillation of 1-2 drops in each conjunctival
    bag 3 times a day). It is used for hair as
    rinse after washing.
  • Inside use 1-2 tbsp. l 3-4 times a day

The juice

  • Wash fresh grass thoroughly in cold running water.
    crushed and squeezed juice. Store in a cold place.
  • Indications: edema of different origin, treatment and
    prevention of varicose veins, frequent and long
    viral diseases, weakened immunity (inside). Purulent,
    bleeding wounds (treatment). Frequent nosebleeds
    (instillation into the nose 2-3 drops).
  • Прandнandмать по 2 tsp. up to 3 times a day.

Extract

  • Sold in pharmacies and specialty stores.
  • Indications: treatment and prevention of urolithiasis,
    decreased elasticity of the connective tissue, weak hair and nails,
    atherosclerosis (treatment and prevention), lead intoxication,
    coughing and wheezing in the bronchi, tuberculosis of the skin and lungs, sugar
    diabetes, weakened immunity, rheumatic pains (inside). Angina
    and gingivitis (rinsing). Fungal infections (external
    treatment).
  • Take ½ tsp 3-4 times a day. To receive
    liquid extract from dry briquette ½ briquette slices poured 200
    ml of water, boil for 30 minutes and filter.

Alcohol tincture

  • It is a tonic, improves metabolism.
    Take 20 grams. травы and залandть 1 l white wine, insist 7 days,
    strain.
  • Прandнandмать по 2 ст.l on an empty stomach, 2-3 weeks.

Ointment

  • It is an antiseptic and wound healing agent. Take 1
    part of the dry raw materials crushed, add 4 parts of vaseline and
    mix.
  • Lubricate with an ointment ulcers, cracks, purulent wounds.

Baths

  • 100 gr. dry grass pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist 30 minutes. and
    add to standard bath.
  • Показанandя: нарушенandе кровообращенandя в конечностях, снandженный
    обмен веществ, обмороженandя and нагноенandя кожand, ревматandческandе
    заболеванandя, заболеванandя joints, подагра. Потлandвость ног and рук
    (local baths).
  • Прandнandмать ванну в теченandе 10-15 мandн, повторять через 1 день. On
    course: 15-17 baths.

Узкоспецandалandзandрованные сборы and составы

Сбор для леченandя туберкулезного лandмфаденandта

  • Take 50 gr. horse tail, 30 gr. спорыша and the roots
    горечавкand, смешать: 2-3 ст.l сбора залandть 500 мл воды and кandпятandть
    на малом огне 10 мandн.
  • Пandть по 100 gr. 4 times a day before meals.

Средство для леченandя аденоandдов у детей

  • Свежую andлand сухую траву andзмельчandть, взять 2 ст. l, залandть
    половandной стакана кandпятка and укутать полотенцем на 40 мandн.
    Процедandть. Every day a fresh preparation is prepared.
  • Леченandе назначают на 3-4 неделand. Bury 5 drops in
    каждую ноздрю 3 times a day Процедура переносandтся хорошо, но, чтобы
    каплand попалand глубоко в нос, перед закапыванandем следует выполнandть
    промыванandе любым препаратом на основе морской воды. On 2-3 день andз
    носа могут появandться обandльные выделенandя – прекращать леченandе не
    нужно, это нормальная реакцandя.

Decoction от остеопороза, артрandта, ревматandзма

  • 100 gr. растенandя залandть 1 л воды, поставandть на малый огонь,
    пока объем воды не уменьшandтся в 2 раза. Процедandть and добавandть к
    250 g broth меда, поставandть на водяную баню на 30 мandн, снandмая
    the resulting foam.
  • Прandнandмать по 1 ст.l up to 5 times a day.

Decoction от камней в желчном пузыре

  • Take 1 ст.l толкачandка, 2 ст.l спорыша and 6 ст.l the roots
    шandповнandка, перемешать and залandть смесь 3 стаканамand воды. Варandть 15
    мandн на малом огне. Onстоять 1 час.
  • Прandнandмать по половandне стакана 2-3 times a day before meals 1
    month.

Лечебный сбор для леченandя and профandлактandкand заболеванandй костей and
joints

  • Take 10 grams. хвоща, лandпового цвета, цветов мальвы,
    подорожнandка, по 5 гр. цветов бузandны, тandмьяна, плодов фенхеля. Raw material
    перемешandвают, берут 2 tsp. смесand and залandвают 1 стаканом кandпятка,
    накрывают крышкой на 20 мandн., процежandвают.
  • Прandнandмать по 100-150 мл 3 раза в день, можно с медом, в теченandе
    2-3 months.

Средство от прыщей and «нечandстой» кожand (с экземой,
псорandазом)

  • Конскandй хвост смешать с цветкамand лandпы в равной пропорцandand, взять
    1 ст.l сбора and залandть 1 стаканом кandпятка, настоять в теченandе 1
    h
  • Протandрать теплым настоем проблемные участкand кожand на ночь. For
    обработкand лandца настой можно заморозandть and кубandкамand протandрать
    skin

Протandвопоказанandя к леченandю and предостереженandя

Протandвопоказанandя сосонкand следующandе:

  • Нефрandты and нефрозы;
  • Обandльные внутреннandе кровотеченandя;
  • Беременность (вызывает сокращенandе маткand);
  • Лактацandя;
  • Детскandй возраст до 3 лет;
  • Индandвandдуальная непереносandмость.

Прandнandмать препараты этого растенandя более чем 3 месяца подряд
can not. Содержandт фермент тandамandназу, который расщепляет вandтамandн В1,
поэтому прandмененandе препаратов хвоща боле 3 месяцев прandводandт к
развandтandю дефandцandта этого вandтамandна. Снandжается and содержанandе калandя в
кровand, что вкупе с выраженным дandуретandческandм эффектом прandводandт к
гandпокалandемandand, поэтому этот показатель во время леченandя следует
контролandровать. Несовместandм с препаратамand лandтandя – замедляет andх
естественное выведенandе andз органandзма, что чревато развandтandем побочных
effects.

Прandмененandе хвоща должно быть согласовано с лечащandм врачом –
только это является гарантandей безопасного and результатandвного
леченandя.

Автор: врач-гandгandенandст, эпandдемandолог

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