The health of the child in the first year of life is exposed to many various dangers. Due to the vulnerability of the immunity “sterile” hitherto baby in the world of germs and viruses, by virtue of not final completeness of the formation of internal and external organs.
The gastrointestinal tract of the baby is at particular risk. Constipation, colic, bloating – the most common problems in babies. The appearance in the feces of clots, veins blood or hemocolitis (from lat. haema – blood, colum – colon) – less rare, but also more dangerous phenomenon associated with many reasons.
Ignoring the disease is dangerous, there can be any consequences, including death. Knowing the basic first aid symptoms, causes and methods can be won invaluable minutes before professional medical help.
Hemocolitis is a bloody inflammation of the large intestine caused by many reasons, united in two large groups:
- Infectious character;
Causes of infectious origin:
- Different types of parasites (helminthiasis, amoebiasis, salmonellosis, shigellosis, dysentery, etc.). The source of infection can be raw water, poor quality nutrition, non-compliance with basic hygiene standards. Way Transmission: fecal-oral.
- Dysbacteriosis – a violation of the balance of “useful and harmful” microbes in the intestines. Called by taking antibiotics.
- The presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: (gastritis, colitis, peptic ulcer disease, etc.).
Reasons for non-infectious origin:
- Microcracks of the anus, arising from frequent constipation
- Infant swallowing maternal blood while passing through the birth canal;
- Intestination of the intestine (part of the intestine) or “inversion intestines “caused by underdevelopment of normal intestinal motility (wave-like wall contraction) – this In this case, the “bend” section is not fully supplied with blood, which may lead to necrosis (such a condition in a newborn requires immediate hospitalization);
- Allergic reaction to cow’s milk protein (lactase failure);
- Polyposis – neoplasms (polyps) on the walls of the intestine, interfering with his normal work (requires surgical interventions);
- Hirschsprung’s disease is a fetal developmental defect, manifested in a strong expansion of the colon.
In medical terminology, there is also the term “pseudohemocolitis” or false appearance of blood in the feces. Occurs in such cases:
- Reception by the nursing mother of iron-containing drugs;
- Early introduction of certain foods into the baby’s diet nutrition: beets, tomatoes, blueberries, currants.
- The appearance in the feces of the baby veins or impurities of blood;
- Feces, reminiscent in color and structure of raspberry jelly;
- Crying and restless baby;
- Refusal from feeding;
- Pressing the legs to the stomach;
- Vomiting, including blood;
- A sharp rise in heat (38-39 C);
- Skin lesions (pigmentation or dryness);
- Loose stool with mucus;
- Weight loss;
At the first sign of a baby’s hemocolitis, it is necessary to show to specialists. After mandatory physical and rectal examination (temperature, pharynx, tongue, bowel movements, skin, straight walls intestines) the doctor will conclude that additional research. These may include:
- General analysis of blood and feces;
- Coprogram – analysis of physical and chemical indicators of feces baby
- Ultrasound diagnostics;
- Lactose curve – a method for identifying the effect of lactose on the composition blood.
After reading the article, learn how to take fecal analysis and decode the result.
Be sure to read the tips on how to get rid of constipation baby.
Cognitive publication will teach parents how to save a child from giardia alone.
Doing treatment yourself is extremely dangerous. manifestations of hemocolitis in the child must be immediately shown to a pediatrician or call an emergency in case of severe course illnesses.
Only a doctor, after proper examination and laboratory studies will be able to make a correct diagnosis and prescribe appropriate medication, which, depending on the reasons that caused hemocolitis will be different – from dieting, in the case of “pseudocolitis” or lactase deficiency, the appointment of anthelmintic drugs in case of infection parasites before surgery in case of intestinal twisting or polyposis.