Hawthorn: the benefits and harm, healing properties andcontraindications

Update: November 2018

Hawthorn is a tall shrub of the genus Pink. Grows in
temperate latitudes, grows wild in North America and
Eurasia. On the territory of the Russian Federation two types are most common:
hawthorn is large-fruited and blood-red (popularly
called garden hawthorn, the benefits and dangers of which will
speech). No less known is black hawthorn growing in the Czech Republic,
Hungary and the Balkan Peninsula.

It is a valuable medicinal plant, planted with
decorative purpose, is considered a good honey plant.

Wild hawthorn berries were used with benefit for
health goal in ancient China and Asia, first for the treatment of
diarrhea, and then to improve the work of blood vessels and the heart. Cultural
plant species were bred in the XVI century.

What does hawthorn help and how is it useful?
take and who phytotherapy drugs plants can bring
harm, read our new article.

Healing properties of hawthorn

All parts of the plant have medicinal value, the greatest –
flowers and hawthorn fruits. From leaves, bark, flowers, young
branches and fruits (dry and fresh) make various preparations, as in
pharmacology, and in traditional medicine. Fresh fruit – good
raw materials for jam, jam, confiture, jam and even wine. Dry
fruits – a frequent component of teas and fitosborov.

Dried and frozen hawthorn fruits contain almost
all phytonutrients inherent in fresh berries.

Hawthorn has the following healing properties:

  • cardiotonic;
  • venotonic;
  • vasodilator;
  • antihypertensives;
  • hypocholesterol;
  • antispasmodic;
  • sedatives;
  • cleansing;
  • immunomodulatory;
  • astringent;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • antiseptic;
  • diuretic;
  • antimicrobial;
  • vitaminizing;
  • antioxidant;
  • tonic

Useful properties of hawthorn for the heart and blood vessels
common reasons for its use are

  • has a vasodilating effect;
  • tones myocardium;
  • provides oxygen in the required
  • reduces the frequency, but increases the strength of the heartbeat;
  • normalizes the rhythm;
  • reduces the excitability of the heart;
  • improves coronary blood flow.

Eliminates the symptoms of mild tachycardia and atrial
arrhythmias. Normalizes cholesterol and indicators
blood clotting, prevents atherosclerotic plaques.
Eliminates vascular spasm.

It has been proven that hawthorn has a calming effect without
inhibition of the central nervous system, reduces the excitability of the nervous system, helps
normalize sleep. Antioxidant action allows you to use
plant for the prevention of the formation of tumors (malignant and
benign), enhancing immunity and recuperation after
past diseases.

Hawthorn has a positive effect on all systems.
shown for the following diseases and

  • dizziness;
  • insomnia;
  • migraine;
  • neurasthenia;
  • constriction of cerebral vessels;
  • arterial hypertension;
  • heartache;
  • coronary insufficiency;
  • angina pectoris;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • elevated blood cholesterol;
  • diabetes;
  • obesity;
  • hyperfunction of the thyroid gland;
  • biliary dyskinesia;
  • pathology of the liver and gallbladder;
  • dyspnea;
  • infertility (male and female);
  • climacteric disorders;
  • prostatitis;
  • poisoning;
  • intoxication;
  • diarrhea;
  • hypovitaminosis;
  • rheumatism;
  • allergy;
  • epilepsy.

Chemical composition

Fresh fruits contain:

  • vitamins (ascorbic acid, tocopherols, K, PP) and
  • mineral substances (magnesium, iron, aluminum, potassium, calcium,
    copper, cobalt, molybdenum, fight, iodine, manganese);
  • choline and acetylcholine;
  • triterpenic acids:
    • olean – tones and strengthens the blood supply to the heart,
    • ursolic – has a wound healing and anti-inflammatory
    • chlorogenic – normalizes the function of the kidneys and liver, has
      choleretic effect.
  • organic acids (tartaric, caffeic and citric). Coffee shop
    acid has antibacterial properties, promotes
    biliary excretion;
  • fiber (dietary fiber);
  • bioflavonoids:
    • Quercitrin – reduces the permeability of the vascular wall, improves
      capillary elasticity. Antioxidant;
    • Quercetin – improves cerebral circulation.
  • pectins;
  • Sahara;
  • saponins;
  • phytosterols;
  • tannins;
  • glycosides:
    • гиперозид — улучшает сократимость myocardium и величину
      cardiac output;
    • Vitexin – has a vasodilating effect, improves
      metabolism in the heart muscle.
  • essential oil.

Hawthorn billet

For harvesting, you should collect raw materials from healthy plants without
mold raids, dry branches and pests growing far from
trails and cities.

Fresh hawthorn

Freshly harvested fruits can be stored in the fridge on the shelf for
fruits and vegetables in a ventilated tray. Berries can not be washed until
storage – it is better to do it immediately before use.
This method allows you to save hawthorn for several weeks and


Berries should be picked, washed and dried, then placed in
plastic bag or container and freezer compartment
deep freezing (-18 C). Similarly frozen mashed potatoes
from berries.

Frozen fruits retain all properties for 1 year. With
freezing tannins are destroyed, the berries are less
tart. Repeated freezing of berries is unacceptable, therefore
it is better to harvest hawthorn portions, in small packages.


Dry raw materials can be purchased at the pharmacy, but it is better to prepare
independently, starting from the end of September to the very cold.
Ripened fruits are bright red, orange or yellow.

  • Berries to sort, wash and dry, spread in one layer on
    grate or baking tray and place in a well ventilated place.
    Hawthorn dries naturally in 5-7 days. Can
    dry the fruit in an electric dryer at T to 60 ° C or in an open oven,
    выставив Т 30 С. Dry плоды теряют в объеме и весе в 3-4 раза,
    acquire a specific smell and bitter taste.
  • For harvesting, corymbose inflorescences and buds are also suitable, and
    ovary – no. Hawthorn blooms in late May-early June: abundant, but
    not for long, only 4-7 days. Dry in ventilated attics.

Dry raw materials are stored in glass jars or canvas bags.
Dry плоды и цветки сохраняют свои свойства в течение 2 лет – это
official figures, but folk healers claim that the term is much
more, up to 8 years.

Hawthorn jam

Numerous jam recipes suggest boiling berries, in
process which most nutrients are destroyed. Rather
such products – a delicacy, rather than medicine.

Infusion for long-term storage

This is a useful analogue of compotes that require boiling berries. Dry
Flowers are mixed with boiling water in a ratio of 1: 1 (1 cup of raw materials for 1
a glass of water), insist 30 minutes, cool, filter and
poured into sterile jars, and then rolled up.

Hawthorn wine

A useful product that with moderate use protects against
catarrhal diseases, maintains the tone of the coronary vessels,
speeds up metabolism, helps in the treatment and prevention of neurosis.
Recommended from cholesterol (with high blood levels).

Pre-made sourdough: about 70 grams. unwashed raisins
put in a glass dish, add 50 grams. sugar and 200 ml
water.  Cover with a cloth and leave to warm. Sourdough ready
когда начнет образовывать пена, шипение и  легкий запах

Frozen, unwashed hawthorn fruit (this is important) weighing about 2.5
kg folded in a clean and dry sterile glass container,
Pour syrup obtained from 5 liters of water and 500 grams. sugar and injected
leaven. It is important that about 25% of free space remains.
gas outlet. Put in a room with T 18-24 C, put on top
glove pierced in several places. After 3 days, pour 500 ml
wort, dissolve in it 1 kg of sugar and again put in a bowl with wine.
After 7 days, filter the wine, enter 500 gr. sugar and withstand
another 30-35 days. When the wine stops roaming and gas,
becomes transparent – it can be used. The output is
about 5 liters of wine, which should be packaged in clean bottles and
put in the cellar for storage (valid for 3 years). Withнимать
по 100 мл 1-2 times a day.

Pharmaceutical preparations of hawthorn

The pharmacopoeia uses the flowers and fruits of prickly hawthorn,
ordinary, blood red to obtain medicinal
drugs, which are very many. Tell about the most

  • Cardiovalen

Drops with a multicomponent composition, including extract
hawthorn Sedative, stimulate contraction
cardiac muscle, dilates blood vessels, improves sleep.

  • Valemidin

Multicomponent herbal medicine (drops and syrup). Assigned to
relieves VSD, normalize heart rhythm, relieve
spasm of blood vessels, eliminate anxiety and stress.

  • Phytorelax

Tablets based on hawthorn and valerian extracts,
providing a sedative effect to help cope with stress and
nervous excitability. Recommended for astheno-neurotic
conditions and functional disorders of the heart

  • Kedrovit

Elixir containing flowers and fruits of hawthorn and others
vegetable ingredients. It has a tonic effect,
increases the body’s resistance to infections, is appointed when
treatment of IRR.

  • Vegetable raw materials (fruits, hawthorn flowers)

Used to make infusions, decoctions for complex
treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system and the central nervous system, normalization
sleep, immunity enhancement.

  • Hawthorn tablets for sucking

Appointed in the complex treatment of hypertension, tachycardia,
angina pectoris, angioneurosis, neurotic diseases,
elevated blood cholesterol.

  • Alcohol tincture hawthorn

Shown in complex treatment of functional disorders.
cardiac activity, arterial hypertension, ischemic
disease, atrial fibrillation, with angioneurosis, paroxysmal
tachycardias, atherosclerosis, climacteric neurosis.

Recipes of traditional medicine

Fresh fruit

You can consume no more than 1 cup of fresh fruit per day.
Exceeding the recommended dose may lead to violations
heart rate.

Fresh Juice

Freshly squeezed juice from hawthorn fruit, diluted boiled
water in a 1: 1 ratio, taken to improve blood circulation,
normalization of the digestive system (several tea
spoons before meals).

Juice can be prepared from thawed berries, but in this case
do not dilute with water.

Berry cake can be used for brewing as an infusion.

Vitamin hawthorn tea

It is useful even to those who have no indications for treatment with hawthorn.
Helps saturate the body with vitamins, strengthen the immune system and
heart muscle.

Take 1 tbsp. dry fruits and pour them with a glass of boiling water, cover
cover for 20 minutes and filter. Add received
infusion in the amount of 40-50 ml in a glass of green tea. Take 1-2
times a day.

The second recipe (it turns out more concentrated). Take 20-30
dry hawthorn fruit, a few pieces of rose hips and pour 1
l boiling water in a thermos, leave overnight. In the morning you can drink.

Alcohol tincture hawthorn

Improves heart function, recommended for atherosclerosis and
increased blood pressure. It is prescribed as a light sedative,
under stress, as a tonic and immunomodulatory agent.

Take 1 part dry hawthorn fruit and add 10 parts 
70 ° alcohol, insist in a dark closed bottle for 21 days,
to filter. How to take: 30 drops, diluted in ½
glasses of boiled pure water, three times a day, half an hour before meals.
The course is 30 days.

Hawthorn decoction

Recommended for neurosis of the heart, heart cough, nervous
overload, shortness of breath, asthma, rheumatism, hypertension, disturbances
heart rate of atrial tachycardia. Removes

Take 15 grams. dry berries and pour a glass of hot water,
put to languish in a water bath for 15 minutes. Cool about 45
minutes, then filter out. Bring broth to a volume of 200 ml.
chilled boiled water. Take 100 ml twice daily for
30 min. before meals.

Water infusion hawthorn

Take a couple handful of dried fruit, chop and brew
boiling water (1 l). Leave overnight. Take 1/3 cup for 60
minutes before meals 3-4 times a day. Useful for arrhythmias, angina pectoris,
increased nervous excitement.

Alcohol tincture hawthorn от давления

Prepared from dried, shredded fruits or flowers. To take
4 tbsp. vegetable raw materials, add 500 ml of vodka and insist in
dark place 14 days. Then strain. Drink 25-30 drops in
diluted with water one hour before meals for hypertension, angina pectoris.

Tea balm

Recommended for heart failure. To take 100 гр.
good black tea, add 2 tbsp. rosehips, 1 tsp
hawthorn fruit, 1 tbsp. motherwort grass, 1 tbsp. peppermint
and 1 tsp. rhizomes of valerian and chamomile flowers. Brew like
plain tea Can пить по 1 стакану 2 times a day.

Infusion for hypertension

To take по 1 ч.л. hawthorn fruits shredded, motherwort,
cherries and chamomile flowers. Brew a glass of boiling water and
filter after 60 min. Take an hour before meals for 1 tbsp.

Repairing agent after a heart attack

Patients who have had a heart attack are advised to take
half a glass of diluted hawthorn juice from 1 tsp.
vegetable oil.

Means with a weak vascular tone

To take по 3 ч.л. flowers hawthorn, 2 tbsp. medicinal herbs
initial letters and pour the mixture into three glasses of cold water. Boil and
leave to infuse for 5 hours. Drink 1 hour before meals.

Skin lotion

Water infusion hawthorn рекомендуется использовать как лосьон
to restore the natural moisture of the skin,
improve skin tone, eliminate puffiness and fine wrinkles.
Infusion can be frozen and diced skin before bedtime and with
in the morning.

When is hawthorn harmful to the body?

Hawthorn berries and plant-based dosage forms
harm when exceeding the dosage. Read instructions for
preparations of hawthorn, observe the duration of the reception and
dosage and consult with your doctor about the feasibility

Hawthorn is harmful to health, if there is

  • Allergy;
  • Children’s age up to 12 years;
  • Atrial fibrillation;
  • Heart defects;
  • IRR on hypotonic type;
  • Hypotension;
  • Apatoabulistic syndrome;
  • Autism, mental retardation, mental retardation;
  • Depression;
  • Renal failure;
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome;
  • Pregnancy.

The use of drugs plants for breastfeeding – only when
coordination with the doctor (in some sources interpreted as
lactogonic agent). In pregnancy, hawthorn is prohibited.

In combination with anti-arrhythmia drugs, drugs for
hawthorn pressure can also be harmful.

You should listen to the signals of the body at the beginning of treatment:
headaches, nausea, vomiting, rashes and other uncharacteristic reactions
testify to intolerance to hawthorn.

Having considered the therapeutic properties and contraindications of hawthorn,
it can be concluded that this is an affordable, effective natural
a medicine that helps in the treatment of many diseases and allows
to keep healthy for a long time.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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