Update: October 2018
- How to introduce a baby food?
- What can you eat nursing mom?
- What to do with colic in infants?
- How to feed a child after a year to 1.5 years?
Many mothers, especially inexperienced, often do not know the most important
rules to follow when composing a diet
They are often afraid that their baby will remain hungry, that they may
not to miss breast milk that the baby does not eat enough. Therefore they
ask the following question, what kind of milk can be given to a baby,
in addition to breast or mixture, so that he was not hungry? Someone
for some reason, he wants to give the child a completely unnecessary “variety”
in the diet. To begin with, with proper breastfeeding
breast milk baby always enough! Therefore, this question
makes no sense now. But разберем подробнее данный вопрос, так
how not everyone is breastfeeding and not everyone wants to give the baby milk in
the first months of life, someone this question arises a little later.
This article will be interesting and important for all women who only
is going to be a mother, for those who have recently become a mother, as well as for
those with older children.
Withмер из практики педиатра: На прием пришли
parents of a 9-month-old baby, in whose feces was discovered
blood. Расспросы позволили выяснить, что накануне ребенку
gave cow milk. This is a natural product – they are surprised
parents? But для современных грудничков это один из наиболее
вредных products. Having heard the diagnosis of “allergic hemocolitis,”
parents were surprised. However, along with chicken protein, protein
Cow milk is very dangerous for babies. Child
recovered when he was transferred to an adapted dairy
Can cow’s milk be given to children under one year old?
For a long time in many countries, including abroad, were carried out and
continue to conduct research on the effects of cow’s milk on
health of children up to one year and older. According to
The results of these studies can be identified several major
items that are important to know moms of children up to and over.
The chemical composition of cow’s milk
AT молоке коровы содержится огромное количество лишних
macronutrients and trace elements. For example, protein, calcium, phosphorus,
натрия, хлора в 3 раза больше, чем в грудном milk And excess
no better than a lack. And sometimes even worse. Consider more
in detail, what is the danger of an excess of these components.
Read also on the topic:
- ATодянка яичка у мальчиков
- Teething in infants
- Constipation in infants – what to do?
- Umbilical hernia in a newborn
- Causes of regurgitation in a child
- Signs of rickets in a child
- Antipyretics for children
- Diarrhea in infants – what to do?
- Increased intracranial pressure in a child
- How to treat a runny nose in infants
- Hip dysplasia in infants
The kidneys of the child and the excretory function are still imperfect. With
ingestion of excess amounts of protein and minerals on
the kidneys create a huge load exceeding the allowable level in
Fluid is also excreted due to increased kidney function.
fluid is removed more than necessary, which causes thirst
baby With этом мама, скорее всего, дает снова ему коровье
milk, and this only aggravates the situation, there is a “closed
With этом коровье молоко содержит мизерное количество железа,
which is not absorbed by the body even in these small
quantities, as it is not heme and is not involved in
Notдостаток железа в организме ребенка вызывает развитие
iron deficiency anemia. And in this period of the child’s life iron
It is an essential trace element, as it is constantly being developed
red blood cells and hemoglobin.
The lack of the necessary enzymes in a child
the child is not able to absorb the cow’s milk, because he just
there are no necessary enzymes for at least 2 years, and someone has
lifelong this enzyme is not produced.
This causes diarrhea in cow milk. The child has
There are other enzymes that help the mother to digest
Amino acids of mother’s milk come already in the form in
котором они легко и быстро усваиваются организмом baby Whereas
the amino acids of cow’s milk are completely different, enzymatic
systems have to work with a greater load, splitting
foreign amino acids.
Aggressive action of cow milk protein
Cow’s milk protein is called casein. He is presented
a large enough molecule that damages the mucous membrane
intestine and its wall. With этом происходит не только травма
стенки, но и выброс гистамина в blood. ATысокий уровень гистамина
causes allergic reactions. But гораздо более
damage to the intestinal wall is significant, in a small
the amount it causes bleeding that may remain
unnoticed at first, but then lead to a drop in hemoglobin and
развитию iron deficiency anemia.
With постоянном употреблении коровьего молока высокая вероятность
occurrence severe intestinal bleeding from ulcers
on the intestinal mucosa.
High risk of allergies
According to many studies with the introduction of cow in the diet
milk to children up to a year, allergy to it developed in 25% of cases.
This makes cow’s milk one of the most allergenic.
products. If an allergic reaction does not occur immediately – it is still
It does not mean that it will not. Allergy has a cumulative component.
It does not always develop immediately.
Allergens often accumulate over time.
time, and subsequently expressed in a violent allergic reaction.
The time of its occurrence is different for everyone, because everyone has different
limits when compensatory mechanisms can no longer cope. AT
dairy products, as a result of their manufacture, decreases
the amount of protein and lactose, so they are introduced into the diet of the child
What is goat’s milk from cow and maternal?
- AT козьем и коровьем молоке чужеродные белки. Breast milk
contains proteins that immediately go to the construction of new cells.
Animal milk proteins are foreign to humans, and
the amount of causine that requires specific enzymes and energy for
assimilation, very much. For the growth and health of the baby need it
proteins, and easily digestible.
- AT козьем молоке больше жиров — и кажется, что это хорошо, но
Only not for babies, for whom harmonious development is important, and not
building up fatty tissue. Children with a weight deficit and after 3 years
– this is not bad, but also in moderation.
- AT козьем молоке меньше углеводов (молочного сахара), чем в
a cow. It is also good, especially for children with lactase.
deficiency when there is not enough lactase enzyme to break down
lactose (milk sugar). Once again, this is useful for children only.
after 2-3 years.
- AT козьем больше витаминов и микроэлементов, чем в a cow. But
considering that most vitamins are already destroyed at 80 ° C,
pasteurization and boiling negates this advantage.
- Больше кальция и фосфора, чем в a cow. That is, it would seem
prevention of rickets, caries, the development of more robust
musculoskeletal system. But кальций без витамина Д почти не
digested, but the excess phosphorus is absorbed easily. For breeding
an excess of sand crystals increases the load on the immature buds
a baby that may turn into urolithiasis in the future.
When the child becomes more developed kidneys (pssle 3 years) not
more than 1 cup of goat milk really strengthens the bone
Can I drink the milk of a nursing mother?
The debate on this issue has been going on for a long time and continues
present day. It is clear that in the first month of breast
feeding whole milk can not drink nursing mothers.
- Opinion of some scientists about the possibility of using a cow
whole milk by a nursing mother – its use is possible only in
diluted in small quantities (added to tea, porridge or
mashed potatoes diluted 1: 1) with a mandatory assessment of the reaction of the baby,
since there are not rare cases of development of allergy in a child (starting from 2
tablespoons per day).
- Others see no particular danger or harm, arguing that
Calcium in milk is useful for bone formation.
Crumbs system and its consumption is necessary.
- Still others believe that its use by a nursing mom is often
causes colic in their babies, recommending to replace it
fermented milk products – natural yogurt, cottage cheese,
The current view is that cow’s milk increases
lactation is also considered a myth, since it is not milk itself that provides
positive influence, and the fact that a woman drinks a warm drink in front
feeding, and no matter what it is compote, tea or just warm water,
the amount and temperature of the fluid is important.
Goat milk for children up to a year
Some believe that goat’s milk for a child up to a year is much
better than a cow, but this is not true at all. Goat’s milk contains more
more minerals, which puts tremendous strain on the excretory
child’s system. It also contains casein proteins with
the same negative properties. Also goat milk contains very
many triglycerides, which makes it more fat. Such milk
absorbed very badly, as they say undigested lumps in
baby chair. If you are still thinking about the question is it possible to give
goat’s milk to the baby, the answer is no.
Goat milk for children under 2 years old is not an alternative to cow milk.
milk But в случае наличия аллергии на коровье молоко, после 2 лет
you can try to give the baby goat milk or sour milk
products based on it.
Anemia – the main consequence of feeding a baby goat
It is very dangerous if an infant is fed only goat
with milk, при этом у малыша нет прочих пищевых источников и
deficiency of blood-forming vitamins develops and as a result –
megaloblastic anemia. There is a decrease in hemoglobin
changes in the shape and size of red blood cells, leading to a vitamin deficiency
AT12 и фолиевой кислоты. With their lack or even absence
normal blood formation and functions of all organs are disturbed.
Can milk be given to children after a year?
Well, if with the introduction of milk to children under the age of everything is clear
then many probably have a question – is it possible to give a cow?
milk after a year?
After a year – a loose concept, if the child is already 5 years old and he
tolerates it well, drinking milk does not cause allergies, liquid
a chair, milk can be given, but within reasonable limits. Not worth it
forget that this is food for calves, not for humans. Not
should be given more than 400 ml per day. But если мы говорим о детях
earlier age, it should be remembered that enzymes,
Effectively splitting milk does not appear before 2 years. Not worth it
on the day when the child turned 2 years old immediately give a couple
glasses of milk.
Start better with a small amount, you can enter porridge on
milk Yes, yes, until that time, you should give the baby dairy-free
porridge, or in extreme cases, add a little adapted
infant formula, if the baby gets it, or breast milk, if
The baby is breastfed.
What milk is better to give to children?
Often we ask ourselves: can milk be for a child? It would be better
Ask – whether cow or goat milk baby? None
there are no irreplaceable substances and minerals
gets from a full and varied diet.
Often the question is which milk is better – “from under the cow” or
pasteurized in industrial conditions?
Some claim that all benefits are lost during pasteurization
milk, that milk with the expiration date, which is listed on the packages
with him can not be natural. In fact, during pasteurization
there is only the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms. Even in
instant pasteurization mode, milk is heated to 90 degrees, and
in other modes the temperature is even lower.
Raw milk obtained from a domestic cow is very dangerous to drink.
Since sanitary control is not always maintained for such animals and
what it can be painful nobody knows. Notкоторые инфекции могут
be asymptomatic or a cow can only be a carrier or
carrier of infection, but its milk will be contagious for
person Giving such milk to children – you endanger them
die from brucellosis or tick-borne encephalitis, will become infected
tuberculosis (extrapulmonary forms occur), lyme borreliosis. If a
ATы даете такое молоко детям или пьете его сами, то обязательно
Однако, с пастеризованным with milk тоже не все так просто. If a
pasteurization and does not adversely affect its composition, then
this is affected by the way the animals were kept. AT
to prevent livestock epidemics from being prevented by livestock
animal antibiotics. They get into the milk of an animal.
AT Европе и Америке давно существуют строгие нормы, согласно
which should not contain antibiotics in milk. AT нашей стране такого
not. Therefore, constantly using such milk, we get and
antibiotics. This is where patient resistance is so common.
to the introduction of antibiotics if necessary treatment by them. For children
these antibiotics may be contraindicated in general. And their content
in milk is not at all microscopic.
Synthetic hormones that are used to increase
performance on dairy farms, such as
recombinant growth hormone for beef, in large quantities
apply to increase milk yields. Therefore, most cows
giving not naturally exaggerated amounts of milk, develop
inflammatory processes in the mammary glands. And of course, for treatment
antibiotics are used that are found in samples and dairy
products, and in milk samples. Moreover, during
independent examinations often detect pesticides in milk,
other drugs that treat cows, and even excess norms
Diseases that are transmitted to a person by drinking a pair (not
Notльзя пить не кипяченное молоко, некоторые заболевания (к
for example, tuberculosis) in cows may not be diagnosed.
The list of diseases that can be infected by drinking pair
- tuberculosis (develop extrapulmonary forms of the disease through
several years after use)
- leukemia caused by lymphotropic virus
- foodborne diseases (see symptoms of food poisoning)
- staphylococcal and streptococcal gastroenteritis
- dangerous severe infections – anthrax, brucellosis, foot and mouth disease
- tick-borne encephalitis arbovirus (see tick-borne vaccine
- Q fever
And a few more facts.
Previously, women who could not breastfeed their baby,
resorted to using nurse. Nobody used animal milk.
Cow milk for feeding children began to be used only in 18
century, when high life was more important for many ladies, they are not
хотелось тратить время на кормление детей материнским with milk,
then this alternative was found.
Fortunately, in modern times there is enough data to
resort to this method. AT случае, если ATы не можете продолжить
breastfeed then feed the baby with adapted dairy
mixtures, they are much less protein and no extra minerals. But
remember, that, no mixture will replace the baby’s breast milk
About the potential harm of milk for children and adults
According to a study by Daniel Kramer and a team of scientists from
Harvard, was found to be linked to excessive consumption of milk and
dairy products with the occurrence of certain types of cancer, more precisely
breast cancer, ovarian cancer in women, and prostate cancer in men.
Lactose (milk sugar) is first broken down in the body into
galactose (simpler sugar), and then split further under
the action of enzymes.
With excessive consumption of dairy products, when exceeded
galactose level over the potential of enzymes that break it down (or
with a low level of enzymes in a particular person), galactose
embedded in the blood and affects the ovaries in women. With regular
high consumption of milk and dairy products the risk of ovarian cancer
in women increases by 3 times.
Prostate cancer (see treatment and symptoms of prostate cancer)
and breast cancer (symptoms) are also allegedly associated with
злоупотреблением молочных products. Excess of certain substances in
milk leads to an increase in insulin-like growth factor
IGF-I, in men with elevated IGF-I, the risk of cancer
the prostate gland enlarges 4 times, unlike men,
rarely consume dairy products.
The widespread opinion about the benefits of milk for prevention
osteoporosis (destruction of bones in adulthood, see the causes and
symptoms of osteoporosis) is disproved to date. Proven
that high calcium diets from dairy products are not
strengthen the bone system, and vice versa. AT одном из исследований в
Harvard University was attended by 75 thousand women in
for 12 years.
The increase in the amount of milk consumed is not only not
had a protective effect, but it also increased the risk
brittle bones. Other studies also confirm this fact.
and prevention of bone fragility, that is, reduce the risk of osteoporosis
can be done by reducing the use of animal protein and sodium,
increasing in the daily diet the content of leafy greens, beans,
fruits and vegetables.
Автор: Ревус Олеся Григорьевна врач-невролог