Gastritis — воспаление слизистой оболочки (в ряде случаев и
более глубоких слоев) стенки stomach. Behindболевание приводит к
reduction in the quality of food processing gastric juice, because of what
the entire gastrointestinal tract is destabilized, and the body begins to experience
lack of substances even with a varied diet.
Symptoms are stomach pain on an empty stomach or after a meal,
тошнота, рвота, запоры или поносы и др. В связи с множеством
varieties of this disease, the term “gastritis” is a collective
and serves to refer to a variety of origin of inflammatory
and dystrophic changes in the mucosa of this organ.
In the article we will consider: what is this disease, what reasons and
symptoms, as well as how to treat gastritis in adults without consequences and
properly follow a diet.
What is gastritis?
Gastritis (лат. gastritis) — это воспаление слизистого слоя
stomach, leading to dysfunction of the body. Gastritis
it is dangerous because if it is not properly treated or if it is damaged
mucous membranes of the stomach with concentrated acids, alkalis
or chemicals, the disease can be fatal.
to the end In addition, gastritis may be harbingers
oncological processes in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
The stomach is the most vulnerable part of the digestive system. In him
there are at least three complex digestive processes: this
mechanical mixing of food coma, chemical cleavage
food and nutrient absorption. Most commonly damaged
the inner wall of the stomach – the mucous membrane where it occurs
production of two mutually exclusive components of digestion –
желудочного сока и защитной mucus.
Currently, gastritis can already be called a disease of the century.
Both adults and children are ill. And according to statistics
health, in Russia about 50% of the population has gastritis in
Gastritis проявляется воспалением и разрушением слизистой оболочки
stomach. The inflammatory reaction in the human body is always
develops in response to the action on healthy tissue damaging
factors. In the case of gastritis, it may be an infection, chemical
substances high or low temperatures.
Thus, the main causes of this pathology are now
are placed like this:
- воздействие бактерий и грибков на стенки stomach;
- нарушения nutrition;
- alcohol abuse;
- drug intake;
- presence of worm infestations;
- chronic stress.
Internal causes of disease include:
- hereditary predisposition to gastrointestinal
- the presence of duodenal reflux;
- violation of the protective properties of cells at the immune level;
- hormonal metabolic disturbances;
- reflex transmission of pathogenesis from neighboring organs.
But the main cause of gastritis is bacterium.
Helicobacter pylori, which is found in 85% of registered
Very often the cause of gastritis is the wrong mode.
- Hasty food and poorly chewed food or food “in dry bread”
injure mucous membrane mechanically
- Eating too hot or too cold food.
causes gastritis due to thermal damage to the mucous
- Eating spicy food (mostly spicy and
highly salty food) irritates the stomach lining in a similar way
exposure to caustic chemicals.
Gastritisы классифицируют по нескольким показателям — по типу, по
localization of the inflammatory process, according to the etiological factor,
on the endoscopic picture, on the morphological changes of the mucous
оболочки stomach. All these indicators are very important for the diagnosis and
choice of treatment of the disease.
Depending on the degree of damage and duration of exposure
irritating factors emit acute and chronic gastritis.
Under acute gastritis understand one-time and rapid
gastric mucosal inflammation caused by exposure
damaging factors of various etiologies (drugs, poisons, infected
microorganisms food, alcohol, etc.). With условии правильного
treatment, acute gastritis (depending on the form) lasts up to 5-7
days, however, the full recovery of the stomach occurs much
Withзнаки острого воспаления слизистой проявляются внезапно и
caused by overeating, substandard food, allergic
reaction to certain foods, stress.
If you do not eliminate the factors that irritate the mucous membrane, inflammation
Depending on the clinical manifestations and nature of damage
gastric mucosa are considered the following types of acute
- catarrhal is the mildest form
diseases in which only the topmost mucous membrane suffers
ткани stomach. This type of gastritis occurs as a result of food
poisoning or allergies to food, drugs. Stomach
may suffer from a strong emotional overstrain,
- fibrinous – with this form of gastritis at the site of inflammation
protein is released – fibrin contained in blood plasma and having
fibrous structure. Externally, the place of such inflammation
(diphtheria) covered with a hazy film of yellow-brown or
gray color. Under it – numerous erosions of the mucous,
the formation of which can lead to abscess, that is
phlegmonous gastritis. ;
- некротический — не совсем обычная форма гастрита, он
occurs as a result of chemical poisoning. With
попадании, к примеру, в желудочно-кишечный тракт кислот,
a so-called coagulative necrosis is formed if it is
salts – kollikvatsionny .;
- reflux – the most
серьезная форма острого гастрита. Can be
следствием катарального гастрита. Accompanied by defeat
всех слоев stomach. In the most severe cases can end
fatal. Requires immediate medical attention.
Chronic gastritis – длительное рецидивирующее воспаление
gastric mucosa, during which develops a number
her dystrophic changes:
- increased infiltration
- violation of the regenerative function of the epithelium of the glands,
- proliferation of connective tissue.
Withзнаки хронического гастрита у взрослых выражаются в следующих
- sweating after eating;
- losing weight;
- pallor of the skin;
- language of the tongue.
According to the etiology of chronic gastritis is divided into:
- Associated with the bacteria Helicobacter pylori.
- Autoimmune, caused by the formation of antibodies to cells
- Chemically mediated, that is, arising from long
use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs,
or, in a different way, NPVS) or throwing of bile into the stomach.
- Idiopathic, that is, mediated by repeated exposure
on the stomach of the same factor.
- Eosinophilic, having an allergic nature.
- Granulomatous gastritis that occurs along with granulomatous
inflammation of other organs: Crohn’s disease, tuberculosis,
sarcoidosis and others.
- Superficial gastritis
- Reflux gastritis.
Depending on the secretory activity of the stomach secrete
- with increased or normal acidity;
- with low or no acidity.
The symptoms of these conditions can be distinguished, but
The final diagnosis is based on the analysis of gastric juice,
taken by sensing. In some cases, the pH of gastric juice
determined by indirect methods using urine tests.
Remember that determine the type, shape and course of gastritis
can only a doctor. Do not take medical
funds, prescribed to your friends and relatives – each individual
the form of gastritis requires an individual approach and a drug that
helped who helped one person cope with gastritis
have a devastating effect on the body of another.
Symptoms of gastritis in adults
How gastritis is manifested in adults also depends on
individual characteristics of the patient. Some patients
patiently endure even the most severe pain, while others already
at the first sign of damage to the inner lining of the stomach
experiencing many negative syndromes.
Common manifestations of the disease is considered to be:
- epigastric pain;
- weight loss;
- cardiovascular disorders;
- lack of appetite;
- unpleasant taste sensations;
- disturbed stool.
The first signs of gastritis of the stomach
Gastritis are distinguished by a variety of symptoms, but can occur
and without pronounced manifestations. The most characteristic feature:
- pain in the solar plexus;
- aggravated after taking certain types of food, liquids and
drugs, especially with increased aggressiveness to the mucous
- sometimes the pain gets worse between meals.
|Types of gastritis||Symptoms|
|Acute||With остром гастрите наблюдаются такие симптомы желудочной
|Chronic||Chronic gastric inflammation manifests itself as follows:
|With high acidity||
Patients with gastritis suffer pain in the epigastric region, night
The presence of at least one or more of the listed symptoms
should force to seek medical advice
Gastritis of the stomach (with the exception of phlegmonous gastritis) is not
belongs to the group of dangerous diseases. However, gastritis gives Start
- internal bleeding: more characteristic for erosive
- peritonitis, sepsis: it is characteristic of purulent phlegm
- анемия (малокровие), дефицит витамина B12: развивается
due to inadequate absorption of vitamin B12 in the stomach. For the same
the cause may develop iron deficiency anemia;
- pancreatitis: gastritis can be the impetus for the development of inflammation
pancreas, especially with additional
risk factors – alcohol consumption, drug intake
- обезвоживание: при продолжительной рвоте;
- anorexia: loss of appetite and metabolic disorders may
lead to a significant depletion of the body;
- peptic ulcer: in the absence or inadequate
treatment may progress the defeat of the stomach walls;
- gastric cancer: gastritis is a risk factor for the occurrence
oncological pathology of the stomach.
Diagnostics любого вида гастрита должна обязательно включать в
consultation of such doctors,
как гастроэнтеролог и эндоскопист. To not
just suspect the pathological process, and establish itself in
correct assumptions, the patient must be sent to
В ходе диагностики гастрита специалисту необходимо
establish the main cause of the pathology. From this in
much will depend on further therapy.
The disease in adults is diagnosed using such
- gastroscopy – examination of the gastric mucosa special
- the study of gastric juice in the laboratory;
- analysis of feces, blood.
A sample of part is used to detect Helicobacter pylori.
mucous membranes, withdrawn with FGDS, or blood – in her study
determine if it contains specific antibodies against
bacteria of interest.
Only the results of a comprehensive diagnosis allows
a gastroenterologist to get a complete picture, to understand the reasons
functional failure, develop an individual program
In adults, gastritis treatment is primarily aimed at
elimination of factors provoking the development or exacerbation of the disease
(infection, malnutrition), stimulation of recovery
processes in the gastric mucosa and the prevention of new
episodes of the disease (exacerbations).
How to treat gastritis of the stomach? It depends on the form of the disease. Important
the link to therapy is diet – without following certain rules
eating behavior drug exposure will be much less
Medication for gastritis:
- Antibiotics: Amoxiclav, clarithromycin, metronidazole,
furazolidone, amoxicillin. Medicines need to take at least 7
days pill twice a day;
- Coating agents: gastal, maalox, phosphalugel,
Almagel – drugs that need to be taken three times daily on
throughout the month;
- Antisecretory drugs: omez, ranitidine, famotidine –
daily pill for 20 minutes before meals. Medicines
significantly reduce pain. The course of therapy is about
- Antispasmodics: no-shpa, platifilin, metacin – 3 times a tablet
with severe pain;
- Cytoprotectors protect the gastric mucosa from influence
hydrochloric acid – the duration of treatment is 20 days;
- Enzyme preparations: pangrol, pancreatin, gastal, festal,
mezim improve intestinal functionality. Take month 1
pill three times a day;
- Hormonal agents improve the protective properties of the mucous
- Antiemetic drugs: cerrucal, metoclopramide – twice
daily lasting week.
Do not self-appoint yourself and your loved ones
those or other drugs. This may lead to
нежелательным последствиям и осложнениям. То, как
cure gastritis, knows the specialist gastroenterologist.
After the onset of remission need to maintain the regularity of power.
up to 4-5 times a day, without long breaks. Not worth it
abuse cold snacks, pizzas or hot dogs.
It is desirable to completely eliminate strong alcohol. Showing non-greasy
fermented milk products, boiled vegetables, lean meat and fish.
Diet и лечение народными средствами дополняют
conservative therapy that allows you to quickly achieve a long
The prognosis for all types of gastritis is favorable, but only when
carrying out timely treatment, dieting, refusing
bad habits. Not worth it забывать о том, что длительное течение
chronic gastritis can lead to adenocarcinoma formation
and stomach cancer.
Diet при гастрите различна и зависит от формы и стадии болезни.
In the event of an attack from food and drink, it is desirable to give up on the day.
This contributes to the unloading of the stomach and intestines. With a strong thirst
You can drink some water without gas at room temperature.
Exacerbation of the disease should be a signal to exclude from
- fried foods
- semi-finished products
- food from the category of “fast food”,
- greasy food
- fermentation products (grape, black bread,
- baking baking.
If the disease is accompanied by an increase in acidity, are introduced
- fried, fatty, spicy foods (for its digestion requires
increased amount of hydrochloric acid)
- fresh fruits and vegetables
- food with coarse fibers (lean meat, preferably veal,
- cereals and soups should be high in content
For gastritis with low acidity in the diet is necessary
Include the following dishes and ingredients:
- Meat broths in the form of soup borscht or simply in the form of
- Wholemeal bread (with bran, rye).
- Get plenty of fresh vegetables
- Various salting, which stimulate gastric secretion,
raising the pH of the stomach.
Observed in the diet and the corresponding temperature
consumed products. It is important to consider that hot food
damage to the inflamed mucosa is ensured, the food is cold in
for a longer time remains in the stomach, due to
which increases the production of hydrochloric acid. Again, excluded
fried in butter, fresh pastries. All food, including soups,
should be wiped and not hot.
How to treat gastritis folk remedies
Gastroenterologists recommend that patients also use
traditional methods of treatment involving the use of decoctions,
infusions prepared on the basis of medicinal herbs.
- Milk This product helps to quickly reduce acidity.
stomach at home. In addition, a glass of drunk warm
Milk quickly eliminates the symptoms of heartburn.
- Linen. For therapy, you can take only cold pressed oil,
which contains the required amount of nutrients.
The duration of the linen product treatment is 12 weeks. Behind
this period, the patient will significantly improve digestion, decrease
harmful effects on the mucous membrane. To receive
the required therapeutic result must be taken by
a teaspoon of butter before breakfast and after dinner. Wherein
be sure to wash down the product with a small amount of warm water,
which provides better absorbability.
- Сок алоэ обладает противовоспалительным и мощным
regenerative property. Egg protein is able to envelop
слизистую желудка, защищая от агрессии соляной кислоты.
Смешивают эти два ингредиента 1:1 и пьют трижды в день по
большой ложке до еды.
- It is possible to treat gastritis in adults with thyme tincture.
Take two tablespoons of herbs and pour 500 ml. white wine
stand in the refrigerator for a week, then the mixture
need to boil and strain. Take two daily remedies
teaspoons before each meal. This tincture helps the sick.
chronic gastritis completely get rid of the disease.
- Mumiye is a healing agent from Altai that helps with
gastritis. Mix a quarter of a gram of mummy with honey and milk,
use a folk remedy daily on an empty stomach and before
go to sleep. It would be best if you add to this
homemade milk cocktail, it interacts better with the rest
As for preventive measures, they should be implemented
full time. These include:
- rejection of bad habits;
- respecting the right, rational and balanced
- adherence to work and rest;
- physical activity;
- avoid long stressful situations and nerve
- regularly undergo a medical examination.
Prevention methods are not difficult to follow, they will help you
preserve health, which is priceless.
Gastritis treatment — это многоплановый процесс, который включает в
yourself and the diet, and drug treatment, and strengthening the protective forces
organism. Gastritis should not be considered the norm, although it occurs in
a huge part of the world’s population, it must be treated