Update: October 20one8
Fennel is a plant known to many that helps fight off
colic in small children. But only this is the scope of fennel
not limited – plant preparations are effectively used in
official and traditional medicine for the treatment and prevention of other
diseases, in cosmetology, cooking, industry and in everyday life.
Many people confuse fennel with dill, however these are two different plants with
A group of one-two and perennial plants belongs to the family
Umbrella, includes one0 species. The most common type is
common fennel (pharmaceutical dill, Voloshsky dill), which
used in medicine. The second most common type of vegetable
or Italian fennel, which is distinguished by a fleshy stem and
used in food.
In wild form, grass grows in Southeastern Europe, Asia
(West and Central), North Africa, America (South and
Central), New Zealand, in the steppes of the Caucasus. Does not grow only in
Antarctica and the Arctic. In Russia, the plant is cultivated, especially in
Krasnodar region. Prefers dry slopes, overgrown places.
grass, ditches, grows well near roads and shelter, including how
It has medicinal, industrial and nutritional value.
- Oilcake plants are rich in protein, therefore introduced into the diet
- Oil plants deodorize cosmetics, use
in the production of liqueurs and confectionery, as a spice.
- Greens are eaten fresh, stewed with butter and
spices, add to salads.
- Seeds are used in conservation and for various pickles.
For example, in China, seeds are part of a traditional mixture of 5
- Vegetable stalk can be stewed, baked, added to broths and
soups, salads, used as a side dish for fish and meat dishes.
It goes well with ginger – tea made from fennel and ginger is considered
good anti-cold remedy suitable for
Medicinal properties and contraindications of fennel will be considered in our
The plant has a bluish bloom.
Root fusiform, many-headed, wrinkled, fleshy,
about one0 mm thick.
Erect, branched stem up to 2 meters high has
Leaves pinnatisect, alternate, ovate-triangular.
The slices of the last order are distinguished by a thread-like linear or
linear styloid form. Lower leaves are located on the petioles
upper sit on the vagina (extended).
Five-membered flowers, double umbrellas, with rays (from 3 to 20),
have a transverse size of 3-one5 cm. Petals, the length and width of which
about one mm, widely ovoid, painted yellow.
Flowering occurs in July-August.
The fruits of fennel are ovate-oblong, greenish-brown,
length 5-one0 mm, width 2-3 mm, bare, sweet-spicy in taste and
smell like anise. The crape falls apart into two semi-fruits.
Fruits in September.
The plant is rich in essential oils: in fruits up to 6.5%, in leaves
– up to 0.5%. The oil has a distinctive aroma and spicy-sweet
taste. In the composition of the oil and plants detected a number of biologically
active substances and natural phytoestrogens: fenchone, anethole,
limonene, methyl chavicol, α-phellandrene, α-pinene, cyneol, terpinole,
anethole, citral, foryl acetate, camphor and other substances.
Also in the fruits found about one2-one8% fatty oils, rich
oleic (22%), linoleic (one4%), petroselin (60%), and
palmitic (4%) acids, minerals (potassium, magnesium,
iron, copper, phosphorus, zinc, chromium, aluminum).
Flavonoids, glycosides, vitamins C and B groups are found in the grass,
carotene and minerals.
The nutritional composition of vegetables:
- one4.2% protein;
- 2.3% fats;
- 83.5% carbohydrates.
- one00 gr. – only 30 kcal.
Collecting and harvesting
When buying Italian fennel for food purposes should
choose small and tender bulbs of white plants or
light green with no stains and no damage, with fresh
smell with anise notes. Feathery leaves should be
bright green and fresh. Old bulbs need to be removed
upper layer. You can store in the refrigerator, wrapped in foil or
food wrap, no more than 5 days.
Medicinal value in fennel ordinary are
roots, fruits, flowers and leaves.
- Fennel grass is harvested throughout the summer, well
washed, dried and dried in a dark and dry place, stored
in a glass and closed jar.
- Flowers can be harvested during the period when the top turns yellow.
Umbrellas are cut, formed into bunches and dried under a canopy.
- Fruits are harvested in the fall, after full ripening and acquisition
Brown color. Dry in the shade or well ventilated
indoors, then threshed. Store in tightly closed containers, period
shelf life – no more than 3 years.
- The roots are dug in the autumn, washed thoroughly, dried,
cut and freeze. Can be dried in the dryer.
In ancient Greece, fennel was considered a plant capable of driving away
evil spirits. Puritans chewed seeds during meetings, calling them
�”Seed meetings”. Today, the magical properties of fennel seeds
retreated into the background and the main became medical.
The official medicinal raw materials are the fruits of fennel and
essential oil, which is also obtained from the fruit. In folk
medicine used and the stems and leaves of the plant.
Fennel preparations have the following effects:
- diuretic (mild);
- sedative (on the central nervous system);
- stimulating (on the secretion of digestive glands).
In official and traditional medicine, plant preparations
used to treat diseases of the respiratory tract (nasopharynx,
bronchitis, whooping cough and others), improve digestion and regulation
intestinal motor function in the complex treatment of diseases
heart and blood vessels (especially when dealing with elevated levels
cholesterol), with problems with the kidneys, biliary tract and
the liver. Help with inflammatory diseases of the eye,
menstrual pain, scanty menstruation, during sexual immaturity,
menopause (as a stimulator of female sex hormones),
migraines, for the treatment of asthma attacks. Outwardly – with
furunculosis, acne, mycosis, dermatitis, eczema.
In young children, fennel helps eliminate gastrointestinal cramps,
reduce gas formation in the intestines and related
The fruits of fennel ordinary
pharmaceutical herbal remedy with antispasmodic and carminative
The drug has antispasmodic, carminative and expectorant
Indications for use of infusion obtained from the fruits of fennel,
As a lactogonic agent, it can be used after consultation with
The only contraindication is individual
Infusion is prepared as follows: one and a half tablespoons of fruit
Take the drug in the form of heat three or four times a day,
Popular drug in the form of granules (packaged), which
It is prescribed for the treatment and prevention of colic and spastic
Newborns and children up to one year prescribed drug one-2 bags
Used to remove toxins and harmful substances during
Butter эффективно увлажняет и очищает кожу, борется с морщинками,
Recipes of traditional medicine
Take 2 shredded tea seeds and pour one cup boiling water,
insist one0 minutes. Strain and drink 50–one00 ml 3 r. day before
food as a carminative. Cooked similar
an infusion of 0.5 liters of water and one tablespoon of fennel helps
in the treatment of respiratory diseases and most pathologies
described in medicinal properties. With gastrointestinal cramps and flatulence
take one00 ml.
Take 5 grams. seed plants, add a glass of water, boil on
low heat for half an hour, bring the volume to 200 ml with boiling water.
It is used externally for conjunctivitis (for washing), with
skin ulcers, dermatitis, eczema (for rubbing). Inside
taken with flatulence, abdominal pain, insomnia, cough, for
improve lactation, alleviate sore throat, eliminate alcohol
and drug poisoning: 30 ml 3 p. per day yes food. Life hacking
for women who often have blue circles under their eyes:
chilled broths help get rid of this
Infusion from indigestion
Take the fruits of cumin and fennel one0 gr., Chamomile flowers, leaves
lemon balm and peppermint pepper on 20 gr., angelica roots one5 gr., herbs
common wormwood 5 gr. Grind and mix all the ingredients,
take one tsp. mix and brew 200 ml of boiling water. Drink 3-4
cups daily until symptoms are completely eliminated.
Composition to improve lactation
Take the fruits of fennel, sprouted barley seeds, aerial parts
oats, galega flowers, hop cones, fenugreek, dill seeds, aniseed and
cumin in equal parts. 2 tablespoons of the mixture pour 0.5 liters of boiling water.
Take one and a half liters of infusion throughout the day.
Infusion for women (normalization of the cycle, hormonal and
help with menopause)
Take 30 grams. fruit and pour 200 ml boiling water, insist about 3
hours Take before meals, 3 p per day., 2-3 tbsp.
Agent for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx
Add 5-one0 drops of essential oil to a glass of milk or tea.
Drink a drink in the form of heat. Children – no more than 2-3 drops.
Take one teaspoon of the medical mixture of seeds of anise, fennel,
poppy and linden flowers, mixed in equal parts, pour one cup
boiling water for one0 minutes, strain and drink volume during the day, you can
Composition to improve potency
Take one00 grams. fruits of fennel, the same number of celery leaves,
pour all dry white wine (one liter). Not less than one month to insist
remedy in the dark, shake daily. Take by third
a glass before meals, one time per day.
Mixed broom consisting of birch and oak branches with
inclusion of fennel stems and leaves is recommended for
bath procedures for neurasthenia, insomnia, increased
excitability of the central nervous system, with bacterial skin diseases, acne and
The plant helps to relieve hunger, reduces cravings for sweets and
speeds up metabolism. To reduce appetite, chew enough
plant seeds. But to help achieve a normal weight will help
fennel tea: take 2 teaspoons nettle, one teaspoon fruit
fennel, mix with 750 ml of boiling water and soak on low heat one5
minutes, then insist as much under the lid. Drink one cup
decoction before meals, divided into 4 doses.
For the next recipe, you will need mint leaves, fennel fruits,
chamomile and linden flowers in equal quantities – chop, mix. one
teaspoon pour 200 ml boiling water, hold for 20 minutes and take for
one раз. Repeat the reception every day for a week. This infusion
helps the body during a diet, reduces cravings for food
and reduces appetite.
Important! Taking one fennel is not a panacea for weight loss: a plant
need to be considered as an assistant in the integrated fight against superfluous
5 gr. roasted seeds eaten after a meal will improve digestion
and make the breath fresh. Seeds also help with motion sickness.
transport – relieve dizziness and nausea.
A good way to prevent digestive problems, and
also during the cold season and increased neuropsychic loads
is tea. Take half a teaspoon of dried fruit of the plant and pour
200 ml of boiling water, for taste you can add a couple of mint leaves, and for
greater benefit – ginger root. Drink in the form of heat.
Fennel is tasty, spicy and healthy! Such an additive is
help to preserve health, especially for women and people with
diseases of the heart, blood vessels and the digestive system.
- Intolerance and individual hypersensitivity;
Pregnant and lactating mothers are allowed to be treated with fennel.
только после согласования с a doctor.
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог