Fennel: medicinal properties and contraindicationsfrom colic in newborns

Update: October 20one8

Fennel is a plant known to many that helps fight off
colic in small children. But only this is the scope of fennel
not limited – plant preparations are effectively used in
official and traditional medicine for the treatment and prevention of other
diseases, in cosmetology, cooking, industry and in everyday life.
Many people confuse fennel with dill, however these are two different plants with
razymi properties.

A group of one-two and perennial plants belongs to the family
Umbrella, includes one0 species. The most common type is
common fennel (pharmaceutical dill, Voloshsky dill), which
used in medicine. The second most common type of vegetable
or Italian fennel, which is distinguished by a fleshy stem and
used in food.

In wild form, grass grows in Southeastern Europe, Asia
(West and Central), North Africa, America (South and
Central), New Zealand, in the steppes of the Caucasus. Does not grow only in
Antarctica and the Arctic. In Russia, the plant is cultivated, especially in
Krasnodar region. Prefers dry slopes, overgrown places.
grass, ditches, grows well near roads and shelter, including how
weed.

It has medicinal, industrial and nutritional value.

  • Oilcake plants are rich in protein, therefore introduced into the diet
    cattle.
  • Oil plants deodorize cosmetics, use
    in the production of liqueurs and confectionery, as a spice.
  • Greens are eaten fresh, stewed with butter and
    spices, add to salads.
  • Seeds are used in conservation and for various pickles.
    For example, in China, seeds are part of a traditional mixture of 5
    spice.
  • Vegetable stalk can be stewed, baked, added to broths and
    soups, salads, used as a side dish for fish and meat dishes.
    It goes well with ginger – tea made from fennel and ginger is considered
    good anti-cold remedy suitable for
    prophylaxis.

Medicinal properties and contraindications of fennel will be considered in our
article.

Morphological description

The plant has a bluish bloom.

Root fusiform, many-headed, wrinkled, fleshy,
about one0 mm thick.

Erect, branched stem up to 2 meters high has
rounded shape.

Leaves pinnatisect, alternate, ovate-triangular.
The slices of the last order are distinguished by a thread-like linear or
linear styloid form. Lower leaves are located on the petioles
upper sit on the vagina (extended).

Five-membered flowers, double umbrellas, with rays (from 3 to 20),
have a transverse size of 3-one5 cm. Petals, the length and width of which
about one mm, widely ovoid, painted yellow.
Flowering occurs in July-August.

The fruits of fennel are ovate-oblong, greenish-brown,
length 5-one0 mm, width 2-3 mm, bare, sweet-spicy in taste and
smell like anise. The crape falls apart into two semi-fruits.
Fruits in September.

Chemical composition

The plant is rich in essential oils: in fruits up to 6.5%, in leaves
– up to 0.5%. The oil has a distinctive aroma and spicy-sweet
taste. In the composition of the oil and plants detected a number of biologically
active substances and natural phytoestrogens: fenchone, anethole,
limonene, methyl chavicol, α-phellandrene, α-pinene, cyneol, terpinole,
anethole, citral, foryl acetate, camphor and other substances.

Also in the fruits found about one2-one8% fatty oils, rich
oleic (22%), linoleic (one4%), petroselin (60%), and
palmitic (4%) acids, minerals (potassium, magnesium,
iron, copper, phosphorus, zinc, chromium, aluminum).

Flavonoids, glycosides, vitamins C and B groups are found in the grass,
carotene and minerals.

The nutritional composition of vegetables:

  • one4.2% protein;
  • 2.3% fats;
  • 83.5% carbohydrates.
  • one00 gr. – only 30 kcal.

Collecting and harvesting

When buying Italian fennel for food purposes should
choose small and tender bulbs of white plants or
light green with no stains and no damage, with fresh
smell with anise notes. Feathery leaves should be
bright green and fresh. Old bulbs need to be removed
upper layer. You can store in the refrigerator, wrapped in foil or
food wrap, no more than 5 days.

Medicinal value in fennel ordinary are
roots, fruits, flowers and leaves.

  • Fennel grass is harvested throughout the summer, well
    washed, dried and dried in a dark and dry place, stored
    in a glass and closed jar.
  • Flowers can be harvested during the period when the top turns yellow.
    Umbrellas are cut, formed into bunches and dried under a canopy.
  • Fruits are harvested in the fall, after full ripening and acquisition
    Brown color. Dry in the shade or well ventilated
    indoors, then threshed. Store in tightly closed containers, period
    shelf life – no more than 3 years.
  • The roots are dug in the autumn, washed thoroughly, dried,
    cut and freeze. Can be dried in the dryer.

Medicinal properties

In ancient Greece, fennel was considered a plant capable of driving away
evil spirits. Puritans chewed seeds during meetings, calling them
�”Seed meetings”. Today, the magical properties of fennel seeds
retreated into the background and the main became medical.

The official medicinal raw materials are the fruits of fennel and
essential oil, which is also obtained from the fruit. In folk
medicine used and the stems and leaves of the plant.

Fennel preparations have the following effects:

  • diuretic (mild);
  • disinfectant;
  • detoxification;
  • expectorant;
  • lactogonic;
  • antibacterial;
  • antifungal;
  • antispasmodic;
  • carminative;
  • expectorant;
  • sedative (on the central nervous system);
  • stimulating (on the secretion of digestive glands).

In official and traditional medicine, plant preparations
used to treat diseases of the respiratory tract (nasopharynx,
bronchitis, whooping cough and others), improve digestion and regulation
intestinal motor function in the complex treatment of diseases
heart and blood vessels (especially when dealing with elevated levels
cholesterol), with problems with the kidneys, biliary tract and
the liver. Help with inflammatory diseases of the eye,
menstrual pain, scanty menstruation, during sexual immaturity,
menopause (as a stimulator of female sex hormones),
migraines, for the treatment of asthma attacks. Outwardly – with
furunculosis, acne, mycosis, dermatitis, eczema.

In young children, fennel helps eliminate gastrointestinal cramps,
reduce gas formation in the intestines and related
colic.

Pharmacy drugs

The fruits of fennel ordinary

pharmaceutical herbal remedy with antispasmodic and carminative
action. Available in a cardboard bundle of 50 grams. In this
лекарственной форме фенхель применяется from colic in newborns,
but this is not the only scope.

The drug has antispasmodic, carminative and expectorant
action, has a weak diuretic effect and increases lactation.
These effects are associated with reflex reactions, which
occur when irritation of sensitive nerve endings
respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract.

Indications for use of infusion obtained from the fruits of fennel,
are:

  • flatulence (as a carminative);
  • intestinal colic;
  • inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract – tracheitis,
    pneumonia, bronchitis, whooping cough (as expectorant).

As a lactogonic agent, it can be used after consultation with
a doctor.

The only contraindication is individual
sensitivity.

Infusion is prepared as follows: one and a half tablespoons of fruit
poured into an enamel bowl, add 200 ml of hot boiled
water, close the lid and leave in a boiling water bath for one5
min., then cooled naturally, filtered and
squeeze out the rest of the raw materials. The volume is brought to 200 ml boiled
chilled water.

Take the drug in the form of heat three or four times a day,
shaking in the next dose:

  • children from one2 years and adults: a third cup;
  • children one2-7 years: one-2 tablespoons;
  • 6-3 years old children: one tbsp;
  • children up to 3 years old: half or whole teaspoon.

Plantex

Popular drug in the form of granules (packaged), which
contains the following active ingredients: essential oil of fennel and
fennel fruit extract, as well as a number of auxiliary components.
It has an antispasmodic effect, stimulates
action on the digestive system and inhibits
gas formation.

It is prescribed for the treatment and prevention of colic and spastic
pain in the intestines with minor disorders of the processes
digestion. It is recommended when switching from breastfeeding to
food to improve the adaptation of the digestive system. It is impossible
apply with individual hypersensitivity to the components
drug, lactase deficiency, absorption disorder syndrome
glucose or galactose.

Newborns and children up to one year prescribed drug one-2 bags
per day, divided into several receptions. Children one-4 years – 3 bags
per day, which is also divided into several receptions. Accept
after either while eating. The medicine is prepared as follows:
bag poured into the container, add one00 ml of warm water and
stirred. For infants the best option – pour medicine
in the baby bottle and drink.

Butter

Used to remove toxins and harmful substances during
toxic liver damage, has a laxative effect,
recommended as a diuretic. Used to increase appetite
stimulating estrogen production in menopausal women.
Suitable for air sanitation in residential premises.

Butter эффективно увлажняет и очищает кожу, борется с морщинками,
helps eliminate acne. Often used when
anti-cellulite massage. You can make useful inhalations when you cough
or bronchitis (5-one0 drops of oil per 300-400 ml of hot water and breathe
above the steam).

Recipes of traditional medicine

Water infusion

Take 2 shredded tea seeds and pour one cup boiling water,
insist one0 minutes. Strain and drink 50–one00 ml 3 r. day before
food as a carminative. Cooked similar
an infusion of 0.5 liters of water and one tablespoon of fennel helps
in the treatment of respiratory diseases and most pathologies
described in medicinal properties. With gastrointestinal cramps and flatulence
take one00 ml.

Decoction

Take 5 grams. seed plants, add a glass of water, boil on
low heat for half an hour, bring the volume to 200 ml with boiling water.

It is used externally for conjunctivitis (for washing), with
skin ulcers, dermatitis, eczema (for rubbing). Inside
taken with flatulence, abdominal pain, insomnia, cough, for
improve lactation, alleviate sore throat, eliminate alcohol
and drug poisoning: 30 ml 3 p. per day yes food. Life hacking
for women who often have blue circles under their eyes:
chilled broths help get rid of this
Problems.

Infusion from indigestion

Take the fruits of cumin and fennel one0 gr., Chamomile flowers, leaves
lemon balm and peppermint pepper on 20 gr., angelica roots one5 gr., herbs
common wormwood 5 gr. Grind and mix all the ingredients,
take one tsp. mix and brew 200 ml of boiling water. Drink 3-4
cups daily until symptoms are completely eliminated.

Composition to improve lactation

Take the fruits of fennel, sprouted barley seeds, aerial parts
oats, galega flowers, hop cones, fenugreek, dill seeds, aniseed and
cumin in equal parts. 2 tablespoons of the mixture pour 0.5 liters of boiling water.
Take one and a half liters of infusion throughout the day.

Infusion for women (normalization of the cycle, hormonal and
help with menopause)

Take 30 grams. fruit and pour 200 ml boiling water, insist about 3
hours Take before meals, 3 p per day., 2-3 tbsp.

Agent for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx

Add 5-one0 drops of essential oil to a glass of milk or tea.
Drink a drink in the form of heat. Children – no more than 2-3 drops.

Spasm Relief

Take one teaspoon of the medical mixture of seeds of anise, fennel,
poppy and linden flowers, mixed in equal parts, pour one cup
boiling water for one0 minutes, strain and drink volume during the day, you can
honey

Composition to improve potency

Take one00 grams. fruits of fennel, the same number of celery leaves,
pour all dry white wine (one liter). Not less than one month to insist
remedy in the dark, shake daily. Take by third
a glass before meals, one time per day.

Useful broom

Mixed broom consisting of birch and oak branches with
inclusion of fennel stems and leaves is recommended for
bath procedures for neurasthenia, insomnia, increased
excitability of the central nervous system, with bacterial skin diseases, acne and
furunculosis.

Fennel Slimming

The plant helps to relieve hunger, reduces cravings for sweets and
speeds up metabolism. To reduce appetite, chew enough
plant seeds. But to help achieve a normal weight will help
fennel tea: take 2 teaspoons nettle, one teaspoon fruit
fennel, mix with 750 ml of boiling water and soak on low heat one5
minutes, then insist as much under the lid. Drink one cup
decoction before meals, divided into 4 doses.

For the next recipe, you will need mint leaves, fennel fruits,
chamomile and linden flowers in equal quantities – chop, mix. one
teaspoon pour 200 ml boiling water, hold for 20 minutes and take for
one раз. Repeat the reception every day for a week. This infusion
helps the body during a diet, reduces cravings for food
and reduces appetite.

Important! Taking one fennel is not a panacea for weight loss: a plant
need to be considered as an assistant in the integrated fight against superfluous
weight.

Seeds

5 gr. roasted seeds eaten after a meal will improve digestion
and make the breath fresh. Seeds also help with motion sickness.
transport – relieve dizziness and nausea.

Tea

A good way to prevent digestive problems, and
also during the cold season and increased neuropsychic loads
is tea. Take half a teaspoon of dried fruit of the plant and pour
200 ml of boiling water, for taste you can add a couple of mint leaves, and for
greater benefit – ginger root. Drink in the form of heat.

Food Use

Fennel is tasty, spicy and healthy! Such an additive is
help to preserve health, especially for women and people with
diseases of the heart, blood vessels and the digestive system.

Contraindications

  • Intolerance and individual hypersensitivity;
  • Epilepsy.

Pregnant and lactating mothers are allowed to be treated with fennel.
только после согласования с a doctor.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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