Update: October 2018
Eucalyptus is a genus of evergreen tree and shrub
plants of the family Myrta. Grow all over the world, in
mainly in a subtropical and tropical climate,
some species grow in mountainous and moderately cold areas
and a number of them can withstand frosts to – 24 C. Prefer
brown or red sand and clay soils, peatlands, bad or
do not grow at all in wetlands. Very light-requiring and
may die in the shadows.
The plant is characterized by rapid growth – the most intensive growth
observed in the first 10 years of life, by the end of which it reaches
about 25 m. Under favorable conditions, eucalyptus grows continuously.
Another feature is the sprouting ability: if the aboveground part
plants die, then it is quickly restored due to coppice
A few words about the spherical eucalyptus
The highest medicinal value is eucalyptus.
spherical, rod-shaped and ash or silver eucalyptus.
Globular is considered a pharmacopoeial plant in most countries
where it grows. The leaves have a dense leathery cover,
protects against excessive evaporation of water, which saves the plant in
dry time. The root system of the tree works on the principle
pump and is characterized by the ability to extract water from a great depth.
Therefore, the plant can be used for natural drainage.
The name of this odorous plant at the hearing of all, however, saw
An evergreen plant reaches a height of up to 100 m. The trunk has
curved or straight shape. The krone is distinguished by its diversity –
meets pyramid, weeping, tent-shaped, oval and other
forms. The bark of the trunk is also diverse and 6 are distinguished by its structure.
groups of eucalyptus trees (smooth, scaly, etc.).
The sheet plate is edge and
located in the same plane with the branches, so the trees
almost never give a shadow. Leaves go through 3 stages of development
– young, intermediate and adults. The latter have an ovoid or
the lance-like shape, rigid structure, pointed edge and shade from
green to bluish.
Flowers of the correct form, sit on legs or are collected in axillary
umbrellas and corymbose inflorescences, bisexual. Fruit – box,
smooth or striated, with 1-3 seeds inside.
Blossom begins at the age of 2-10, flower buds
formed in spring and summer. From the appearance of the buds to the disclosure
It takes a long period of time, from 3 months. up to 2 years. Fruit
ripen within 1 year, with about 80% of the seeds being
unripe. Mature seeds maintain their germination from 10 to 50
Harvesting and storage
Preparation of raw materials for pharmaceutical production is often combined with
декоративной обрезкой plants. You can not break off branches, you can
gently pick young leaves between November and the end
Eucalyptus grass is dried in well ventilated places in
natural conditions or in special dryers at T about 40 C.
It is very important not to exceed the specified temperature, because more
the amount of valuable eucalyptus oil will just evaporate. Ready
raw materials should be stored in glass containers and in the dark, no more than 2
Chemical composition of eucalyptus
The leaves of the plant contain essential eucalyptus oil, from 0.3 to
4.5%. The oil content remains almost the same even when
drying the sheet. Especially rich in natural eucalyptus oil
spherical: from 1.2 kg of leaves get about 1.2 liters of essential
The main component of the essential oil (up to 80%) is
terpene compound cineole. The composition of the oil are volatile,
gallotanins, tannins, organic acids (coumaric,
cinnamon, etc.), bitterness, aldehydes, trace elements and other active
substances. Next, we describe the therapeutic properties and contraindications.
Eucalyptus in the complex treatment of various diseases.
The essential oil of the plant is characterized by a powerful healing effect.
and is used to treat a number of diseases. Therapeutic
essential oil action:
- antimicrobial, incl. in relation to resistant to
antibacterial drugs of staphylococci, streptococci,
- antiviral against the main groups of viruses that cause
- pain killer;
Eucalyptus dosage forms are widely used in the treatment of
diseases of the respiratory system: tonsillitis, ARVI, bronchitis, tonsillitis,
pneumonia and tuberculosis. Used in the treatment of gynecological
diseases such as cervicitis, cervical erosion, endometriosis,
adnexitis, trichomoniasis, pathologies of the urinary system
inflammatory nature. Effective with helminthic invasion.
Outwardly используются для лечения абсцессов, флегмон,
furunculosis, herpes sores. Significantly improve
condition with arthritis, arthritis, osteochondrosis. Destructive
act on external parasites, such as lice, ticks, fleas.
Helps to get rid of headaches and toothaches.
For prophylactic purposes, it is effective in preventing
seasonal infections, the transmission of which is airborne, even
in the midst of an epidemic.
The peculiarity of eucalyptus preparations is insignificant
local irritant action despite their high chemical
This drug was developed in the Institute of Microbiology.
It is produced in the form of oil and alcohol solutions in ampoules and
applied orally and externally.
The main use is the treatment of diseases caused by
staphylococcus. Promotes tissue and wound healing and regeneration
cells. Used for rinsing and compresses in the treatment of wounds and
Therapy is prescribed courses, for 30 days. Before use
make a test for tolerability of the drug – 25 drops of chlorophyllipt
add to 1 tbsp. water and drink. If within 8 hours not
allergic reactions have occurred, the drug can be applied with
- Indicated for local anesthetic effect: oil
helps with joint, muscle and rheumatic pains.
- Used for rinsing and inhalation for colds.
diseases of viral and bacterial etiology.
- To rinse 20 drops of oil diluted in a glass of warm
- Для ножных ванночек 3-5 капель масла добавляют к 5 л water.
Baths are recommended for the treatment and prevention of fungal
skin and nail damage.
- In ophthalmology, it is prescribed for conjunctivitis and
- The spot spotting helps to get rid of
herpetic eruptions, pigmentation, insect bites, burns from
plants. Effective with pediculosis.
Insect Bite Powder
The composition contains starch, talc and eucalyptus oil.
Designed for rubbing into unprotected areas of the body for scaring off
Eucalyptus Homemade Recipes
- Eucalyptus tincture
At 1 tbsp. dry raw materials take half a liter of boiling water, mix and
leave for 2 hours. Accepted for the treatment of bronchopulmonary
diseases in a volume of 50 ml 3-4 times a day. This drug
the form can be used for gargling and rinsing the nose with
runny nose as well as skin treatments for fungal, bacterial and
- Eucalyptus decoction
On 2 tbsp. dry leaves take 1 cup of boiling water and insist on
water bath 20 minutes. Take 1 tbsp. three times a day. Outwardly
decoction is used for washing wounds, while the volume of the solution
adjusted to 1 l. Locally used for tamponage and douching at
treatment of gynecological diseases. 2 tbsp. broth diluted in 1
liter of water and apply 5-10 days in a row.
- Eucalyptus tea
3 tbsp. dry raw materials insist in 250 ml of boiling water, stand 15
minutes Take sip, during the day for treatment
bronchial asthma, bronchitis, exacerbations of chronic diseases
- Alcohol solution
10 drops of the solution is diluted in 1 glass of water and used for
rinsing the mouth with stomatitis and gingivitis. For the treatment of wounds and
cuts alcohol solution is diluted with water in the ratio of 1:10,
moisten gauze in it and apply to skin lesions 2 times a
For the treatment of inflammation and pain in the joints dry leaves rubbed
в порошок, берут около 10 грамм сырья и смешивают со 100 гр.
warmed goose fat, insist 3 days. Lubricate the sick
места 2-3 раза в day.
For collection in equal parts take the leaves of eucalyptus, coltsfoot,
Thyme, mix, brew and take on the principle of tea.
It helps in the treatment of cough, asthma, bronchitis.
For the procedure, use an essential oil that cleans the air
from pathogenic microorganisms, helps to improve the condition
SARS. Aromatic inhalation should be carried out at the very first
signs of a cold, with obsessive coryza, sore throat.
For inhalation take 1-2 drops of oil per 100 ml of water, for aroma lamp
4-5 drops of oil are needed. Inhalation should be carried out 2 times a
15 minutes a day
- Aroma massage
It is recommended to relieve pain when radiculitis,
rheumatism, with joint and headaches. 20 ml base oil
take 5 drops of eucalyptus oil.
- Aromatic bath
Effective with urinary infections, catarrhal diseases and
pathologies of the musculoskeletal system. Cannot be taken when
elevated body temperature. 5-7 drops per bath
oil, which is diluted in 200 ml of milk.
- Aromatic baths
Brooms with the addition of eucalyptus branches can be used in
steam room. However, on a standard birch or oak broom you can
take no more than 2-3 eucalyptus branches. Such procedures help
get rid of chronic bronchopulmonary pathology and get rid of
prolonged agonizing cough, incl. in heavy smokers.
- In cosmetology
Eucalyptus infusion is used to rinse the scalp with
hair loss, like acne treatment lotion, dryness and
itching. With oily skin, especially prone to inflammation, and
microcrack effectively enrichment of habitual cosmetics
eucalyptus oil at the rate of 7 drops per 5 ml of cream or lotion.
Side effects and contraindications
Essential oil with constant use can cause a number
side effects such as vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, bronchospasm,
Quincke swelling. In the field of oil
burning, stinging and hyperemia develops. These symptoms are more
characteristic of people with individual intolerance to drugs
eucalyptus, but may develop with prolonged use.
Eucalyptus is contraindicated in the following cases:
- children up to 12 months;
- severe liver disease;
- bronchial asthma;
- atrophy of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract;
- whooping cough;
- exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases and pathologies
- individual intolerance of the plant;
- propensity for allergies.
With caution used to treat children under 3 years old, especially
prone to allergies. Some pharmacy forms of eucalyptus
contraindicated to 12 years. It is not recommended to combine drugs
eucalyptus with other medicines from the group of homeopathic remedies,
as well as with other essential oils. Use during pregnancy
must be agreed with the doctor.
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог