Escapel, Postinor: side effects,analogs

Update: December 2018

See also:

  • Contraceptive oral contraceptives are pros and cons
  • Non-hormonal birth control pills

Постинор, и его analogs Эскапел, Микролют, Эскинор Ф — являются
means of contraception only in emergency cases, that is, by
life testimony such as rape, condom break
during intercourse.

Why it can not be used on an ongoing basis? This
drug in developed countries can only be obtained by prescription, in
unlike Russia, since Postinor has serious side effects.

However, some women use these drugs quite
often, without consulting a gynecologist and not knowing the consequences,
complications, side effects of Postinor and its analogues. To
to understand the impact of these funds on the body, should
know the mechanism of their action.

The mechanism of action Postinora

Postinor causes a lot of side effects and its use
possible only in extreme cases. During puberty and
women with menstrual disorders (planning for the future
have children) its use is not advisable, since it may
cause hormonal disturbances in women and cause
infertility in the future.

Постинор и его analogs предназначены только для экстренного
pregnancy prevention. Active ingredient of the drug
is levonorgestrel, which in one tablet 0.75 mg, that
It is considered a lethal dose. In low-dose oral
contraceptives, for example, such a dose of levonorgestrel is contained in
20 tablets. The package Postinora contains 2 tablets that
taken at intervals of 12 hours for 72 hours after
unprotected intercourse. Механизм действия левоноргестрел
is as follows: Постинор побочные эффекты

  • препарат блокирует овуляцию — не позволяет
    ripe egg cell out of the ovary
  • when ovulation has already occurred, Postinor prevents implantation
    fertilized egg in the uterus – in this case, he
    сути обладает абортивным действием
  • causes a change in the cervical mucus, it becomes more
    thick, which prevents the penetration of sperm into the cavity

When the introduction of a fertilized egg into the uterus wall
happened, the drug becomes ineffective since all
progestin have the property to suppress motor activity
мускулатуры uterus.


The use of postinor is contraindicated for use in

  • abnormal liver function, severe liver disease
  • teenage girls under 16
  • during lactation, the drug penetrates into breast milk, so it
    contraindicated for breastfeeding
  • with uterine bleeding of unknown origin
  • with individual intolerance
  • with herpes infection and other infectious diseases
    genitourinary system
  • in diseases associated with enzymatic
    insufficiency – violation of glucose absorption, galactose
    (lactase deficiency)
  • with malignant neoplasms of any localization
  • with genetic location for thrombosis
  • when prone to Crohn’s disease

Used with caution in ulcerative lesions of the digestive tract,
diseases of the biliary tract.

Side effects Postinora

Any drugs have side effects, and Postinor
is a powerful hormonal drug that in some
cases can be a trigger for the development of serious
health problems of a woman. Therefore, in developed countries this
The drug is only a prescription and is not considered safe.
contraceptive method. Postinor side effects are as follows:

  • Intestinal Dysfunction – Diarrhea
  • Eating Disorders – Vomiting, Diarrhea
  • Headache, dizziness
  • Intermenstrual bleeding
  • Breast tension
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Weakness, lethargy

При появлении любых побочных эффектов от reception Постинора или
the occurrence of other unusual signs of malaise should
consult a doctor.

Side effects from the reproductive system, the effect on
reproductive function of women in the future

Considering the fact that in 1 tablet there is a huge amount
действующего вещества, в организме женщины после reception Постинора
there is a real hormonal imbalance. In the instructions to
the drug says it is not recommended to use it more than 4 times
in year. But some women often neglect these
recommendations and uncontrolledly accept it, sometimes even a few
Once in 1 menstrual cycle, which is very dangerous and prohibited.

Since Postinor needs to be taken when probability is high
the occurrence of pregnancy (the period of ovulation) – at this time
the lining of the uterus is not yet ripe, which leads to a violation
ovarian function, and then they produce either a smaller amount
hormones, or more. And even with a one-time use.
a certain time is required (in each case
individually) to restore ovarian function.

Therefore, if a woman with already existing menstrual disorders

  • heavy or prolonged menstruation
  • blood mid cycle selections
  • коричневые выделения вместо месячных  (причины скудных
  • uterine bleeding
  • painful periods
  • irregular menstruation
  • teenagers under 16

takes the drug even once – such failures can be worn
постоянный характер и стать причиной infertility in the future.

The effect of this hormonal agent, especially on constant
basis leads to the fact that ovarian function begins to fade,
exhausted, hormone production is gradually becoming less.
This causes a disturbed menstrual cycle and can affect
female reproductive capacity. In some cases, the reception
drug leads to amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) and how
consequence of persistent sterility. Even timely appeal to
gynecologist in such cases can not guarantee successful
restoration of normal menstrual cycle and probability
of pregnancy.

With periodic uterine bleeding in women
Postinor and its analogs can strengthen them and lead to
the need for emergency medical care, therefore
in such cases, the drug is not allowed. Also one of the side
Postinor’s action is the engorgement and soreness of the dairy
glands, and the appearance of nipple discharge.

Other side effects of Postinor

In addition to disorders related to hormonal shock, action
Postinor Eskapela with the wrong reception may have other
consequences such as the formation of blood clots in the blood
vessels. This побочный эффект в основном может быть у женщины с
bleeding disorders, but even seemingly healthy
a woman has this risk (see video – documentary).

После неоднократного reception максимальных доз гормонов
blood coagulation ability increases, risk increases
возникновения тромбов в кровеносных vessels. With partial
the overlap of the lumen of blood vessels there is a reduction in blood flow to
organs and tissues and as the most extreme pathology – vascular occlusion
(occurrence of pulmonary thromboembolism). When blood vessels are blocked
heart and brain may develop a stroke or offensive
instant death.

In the absence of a woman with any problems with menstrual
cycle side effects Postinora rarely occur. But
there may be other ailments – abdominal pain, nausea,
diarrhea, headaches, swelling. Due to the frequent use of Postinor
may be a violation of fat and carbohydrate metabolism,
causing a decrease or increase in body weight, as well as suppression
estrogen production can lead to changes in hair growth
male type or shape contour change.

This video is worth watching for every woman who cares about her
health, before deciding to take any oral
contraceptives (even low-dose). Especially it concerns
young girls who want to have children in the future.

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