Erosive colitis — atчины возникновения, первыеatзнаки, симптомы и лечение

Erosive bowel colitis is a disease that requires
immediate hospitalization, specialized diets and special fasting
therapeutic care. Из всех форм колита кишечника именно
erosive is considered the most dangerous because it provokes the appearance
ulcers In this disease, the patient must be given
proper and timely treatment, otherwise chronic colitis may
develop into a peptic ulcer.

Features of intestinal erosive colitis

Erosive colitis Erosive colitis is an inflammation of the mucous
оболочки толстого кишечника с образованием язвенных
damage.  More common in people aged 15–30
years old. It equally affects men and women. Second peak
заболеваемости регистрируется в возрасте 60–70 years old. Colitis erosive
– this is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the thick
кишечника с образованием язвенных
damage.  More common in people aged 15–30
years old. It equally affects men and women. Second peak
заболеваемости регистрируется в возрасте 60–70 years old. Erosive colitis
кишечника представляет собой одну из начальных
стадий воспалительного процесса. Essentially, the erosive form is
это одна из ступеней патогенеза diseases. Patient first
developing superficial colitis that only affects
поверхностные слои слизистой оболочки кишки, а затем, at
without adequate treatment, the inflammation deepens with
erosion formation.

This type of disease is not always considered an option.
self pathology. It is believed that this is the initial stage.
проявления язвенного колита. In this case, inflammation
mucosal tissue is not as pronounced as if
developed ulcerative.

Colitis can be caused by a wide range of diseases.
factors. Некоторые из них (наatмер, генетическая
predisposition) are purely individual. Первоatчину
pathology must identify the attending physician and, in accordance with
the data obtained, to make the desired course of therapy.

This type of disease is not always considered an option.
self pathology. It is believed that this is the initial stage.
проявления язвенного колита. In this case, inflammation
mucosal tissue is not as pronounced as if
developed ulcerative. Возможные atчины эрозивного колита:

The reasons

Symptoms of intestinal erosive colitis

Возможные atчины эрозивного колита:

Primary symptoms of erosive colitis:

Symptoms of intestinal erosive colitis

This disease manifests itself in different ways, but the main symptoms are similar.
на atзнаки гастрита, поэтому не все вовремя обращаются за
medical care.

  • In addition to blood, large amounts of mucus are released along with feces
    pus.
  • In 65% of patients with prolonged diarrhea (the number of
    defecation can go up to 20 times per day).
  • Нередко больные жалуются на появление ректального плевка (at
    defecation instead of feces out mucus with pus).
  • At night, many have an overwhelming desire to go to
    туаyears old. It is nighttime bowel movement that can cause
    a gastroenterologist to suspect chronic erosive colitis.
  • The picture of the characteristic symptoms of erosive colitis complements
    fecal incontinence, constant bloating.

Primary symptoms of erosive colitis:

It is constant diarrhea and bloating that are characteristic symptoms.
erosive colitis, and without proper treatment it will quickly turn
in chronic.

If a person turns to a specialist at this stage of the disease,
then in 80% of cases, doctors give a guarantee of a positive outcome. To
prevent chronic inflammation, it is important to start
treatment of erosive colitis on time.

Уже at этих симптомах необходимо обращаться к специалистам. With
ignoring them, the inflammatory process begins to intensify,
turning into malignant forms and affecting more healthy tissues.
Then the person has the following symptoms:

  • increase in heart rate;
  • high blood pressure;
  • fever;
  • посторонние atмеси в стуле;
  • almost constant vomiting;
  • general weakness;
  • acute pain in the stomach and intestines.

Также могут возникать следующие atзнаки:

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  • In addition to blood, large amounts of mucus are released along with feces
    pus.
  • In 65% of patients with prolonged diarrhea (the number of
    defecation can go up to 20 times per day).
  • Нередко больные жалуются на появление ректального плевка (at
    defecation instead of feces out mucus with pus).
  • At night, many have an overwhelming desire to go to
    туаyears old. It is nighttime bowel movement that can cause
    a gastroenterologist to suspect chronic erosive colitis.
  • The picture of the characteristic symptoms of erosive colitis complements
    fecal incontinence, constant bloating.

After prolonged progression of the disease can begin
periods of exacerbation and remission. For the period of exacerbation characteristic
такие симптомы: Treatment эрозивного колита может быть амбулаторным
или stationary, it all depends on the stage of the disease. Even
после establishing the diagnosis does not immediately begin treatment. To the patient
certain examinations are required to find out
atчину, which provoked inflammation.

It is constant diarrhea and bloating that are characteristic symptoms.
erosive colitis, and without proper treatment it will quickly turn
in chronic.

If a person turns to a specialist at this stage of the disease,
then in 80% of cases, doctors give a guarantee of a positive outcome. To
prevent chronic inflammation, it is important to start
treatment of erosive colitis on time.

Implications for the body

Given the hidden nature of the initial stage of the disease, often
its development is not accompanied by appropriate therapeutic
events. That is why the risk of complications is high:

  • gastric or intestinal bleeding;
  • colon perforation;
  • stomatitis;
  • liver disease;
  • oncology.

Treatment

Treatment эрозивного колита может быть амбулаторным или
stationary, it all depends on the stage of the disease. Even after
establishing the diagnosis does not immediately begin treatment. To the patient
certain examinations are required to find out
atчину, which provoked inflammation. Diet food
Erosive colitis is usually developed by a doctor. Different people have it
may differ, depending on the individual
the patient and the nature of his illness.

If a disease is suspected, the following are used.
diagnostic methods:

  • Complete blood count (non-specific signs of inflammation, such
    as: leukocytosis with a shift to the left, increased ESR, sometimes
    легкая анемия из-за кровотечений);
  • Bacterial seeding (allows you to identify the causative agent
    infections;);
  • macroscopic and microscopic examination of feces.
    With the help of this laboratory analysis can be estimated
    the concentration of mucus, blood and
    remnants of undigested food pieces;
  • fecal examination for the presence of parasitic
    microorganisms. Gives the opportunity to detect the development of certain
    глистных инвазий в организме человека;
  • Irrigoscopy (instrumental study with contrast
    substance related to a number of radiological, allows
    determine the localization, the extent of the lesion);
  • colonoscopy. With the help of this instrumental
    diagnostic method can visually assess the condition of the mucous membranes
    the membranes of the digestive tract;
When erosive colitis in the diet should include: The number of prohibited dishes can be safely attributed:
  • Eggs;
  • Soups;
  • Kashi;
  • Homemade juices with pulp;
  • Cracker;
  • Yesterday’s white bread;
  • Fish – lean, boiled;
  • Walnuts;
  • Some types of berries and fruits (only in shabby
    the form);
  • Cottage cheese;
  • Kissels;
  • Broth rosehip, black currant, blueberry;
  • Poor tea.
  • Fatty meat and fish;
  • Sunflower seeds;
  • Bran;
  • Milk products;
  • Poppy;
  • Legumes;
  • Soy products;
  • Sesame;
  • Sour berries;
  • Spicy spices;
  • Fast food products;
  • Carbonated drinks;
  • Coffee, chocolate;
  • Ketchup, Sauces;
  • Fried, spicy, fatty and salty;
  • Spring onions;
  • Garlic;
  • Spinach, radish, sorrel;
  • Dried apricots, kiwi.
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • eliminating intestinal bleeding;
  • antibiotics;
  • means of restoring normal microflora;
  • vitamins of various groups;
  • drugs that strengthen the immune system;
  • painkillers.

To eliminate the problems caused by the pathological process,
use antibacterial treatment, remedies that
restore the intestinal microflora, hemosorption, intravenous
infusion of reopolyglukine or hemodez.

  1. diet must be supervised
    a specialist;
  2. you can not eat hot food, it is better to slightly warm and
    steamed;
  3. Doctors do not recommend to fill up at night with colitis; at
    chronic colitis and diarrhea diet should be designed so
    so that the patient can eat every 2 hours;
  4. correct treatment of colitis implies that the patient will
    следить за самочувствием at употреблении тех или иных
    products;
  5. if the symptoms worsen, then this food to the patient is not
    suitable;
  6. better to refrain from self-medication and, especially, from prescriptions
    home medicine.

To maintain the body in the treatment plan include vitamins
groups B, ascorbic acid, liposoluble group – D, A.
Given the unstable neuropsychic status of patients, it is useful
use of sedatives will be.

Important! Способ atменения лекарственных препаратов и их дозировку
only a doctor can prescribe. For each patient they
are individual.

  1. Прекратить злоупотреблять вредными atвычками, в частности,
    smoking and drinking alcohol (even with low
    percent alcohol).
  2. Coffee can aggravate the course of the disease, cause bloating,
    diarrhea and abdominal pain. In addition, it provokes repeated
    development of erosive colitis.
  3. Regular check-ups will allow
    identify the problem at an early stage and prevent it in time
    progression.
  4. Active lifestyle and proper nutrition are the keys to health
    the whole body.

Diet

Diet food эрозивном колите обычно разрабатывает
doctor. Different people have it может отличаться, в зависимости от
individual features of the patient and the nature of his
diseases.

Therapeutic diet is sparing, sick recommend:

  • There are often, in small portions.
  • Cook exclusively for a couple.
  • Choose for this low-fat milled meat or fish.
  • Eliminate coarse fiber from the diet.
When erosive colitis in the diet should include: The number of prohibited dishes can be safely attributed:
  • Eggs;
  • Soups;
  • Kashi;
  • Homemade juices with pulp;
  • Cracker;
  • Yesterday’s white bread;
  • Fish – lean, boiled;
  • Walnuts;
  • Some types of berries and fruits (only in shabby
    the form);
  • Cottage cheese;
  • Kissels;
  • Broth rosehip, black currant, blueberry;
  • Poor tea.
  • Fatty meat and fish;
  • Sunflower seeds;
  • Bran;
  • Milk products;
  • Poppy;
  • Legumes;
  • Soy products;
  • Sesame;
  • Sour berries;
  • Spicy spices;
  • Fast food products;
  • Carbonated drinks;
  • Coffee, chocolate;
  • Ketchup, Sauces;
  • Fried, spicy, fatty and salty;
  • Spring onions;
  • Garlic;
  • Spinach, radish, sorrel;
  • Dried apricots, kiwi.

If the diet is not observed and are often allowed various
culinary excesses, then very soon relatively harmless
erosion are transformed into numerous ulcerative foci. how
result, the disease becomes more severe, treatment
which will be harder and longer.

Nutrition Tips:

  1. diet must be supervised
    a specialist;
  2. you can not eat hot food, it is better to slightly warm and
    steamed;
  3. Doctors do not recommend to fill up at night with colitis; at
    chronic colitis and diarrhea diet should be designed so
    so that the patient can eat every 2 hours;
  4. correct treatment of colitis implies that the patient will
    следить за самочувствием at употреблении тех или иных
    products;
  5. if the symptoms worsen, then this food to the patient is not
    suitable;
  6. better to refrain from self-medication and, especially, from prescriptions
    home medicine.

Prevention

Preventive measures:

  1. Прекратить злоупотреблять вредными atвычками, в частности,
    smoking and drinking alcohol (even with low
    percent alcohol).
  2. Coffee can aggravate the course of the disease, cause bloating,
    diarrhea and abdominal pain. In addition, it provokes repeated
    development of erosive colitis.
  3. Regular check-ups will allow
    identify the problem at an early stage and prevent it in time
    progression.
  4. Active lifestyle and proper nutrition are the keys to health
    the whole body.

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