Echinacea: tincture, pills, instructionsapplication

Update: October 2018 Echinacea – Medicinal Plant,
having a pronounced immunostimulating action. Wide
used in official and traditional medicine. Most Popular
dosage forms – echinacea tincture, lozenges
and solution, which are prescribed for the treatment and prevention of many
diseases, including children. Herbal preparations
origin is well tolerated by patients and, according to reviews
patients have a proper therapeutic effect.

Клинико-фармакологическая группа: иммуностимулирующие
drugs.

Composition, physico-chemical properties, price

Echinacea tablets Echinacea alcohol tincture Solution Эхинацея Форте
Active substance Extract of narrow-leaved echinacea – 200 mg in 1 tablet Roots with rhizomes of purple echinacea – 20 gr. in 100 ml Juice from a fresh flowering plant purple Echinacea – 75.6 ml
in 100 ml
Auxiliary components Magnesium stearate, sorbitol, aspartame, flavoring Ethyl alcohol 60% to the required volume Этанол 90 %  — 24,4 мл
Physicochemical properties Flat cylindrical round tablets with chamfer,
light brown in color, with a typical smell. Have bright or
dark blotches, engraving “NP” on the background of the image of the tree
Clear yellow-brown liquid with a specific odor and
spicy flavor. During storage may precipitate

Transparent or slightly opalescent solution, red-brown
or brown with a characteristic odor.

When agitating, there may be particles that are visible.
to the naked eye

Packaging On 10 tablets in blisters, on 2, 4, 6, 8 blisters in cardboard
packs
On 40, 50 or 100 ml in the bottles made of dark
glass
On 50 or 100 ml in the bottles droppers made of
темного glass, в packs картонных
Price No. 20: 200 rub. 50 ml: 120-400 rubles. 50 ml: 260-340 rubles.

Price в аптеках варьируется в широких пределах, тем не менее,
drugs can be attributed to the lineup inexpensive.

pharmachologic effect

настойка эхиноцеиEchinacea is a complex chemical
composition, providing a comprehensive positive effect on
an organism. Contains immunostimulating polysaccharides
(water soluble) that are capable of activating cellular
Immunity: stimulate granulocyte chemotaxis and increase
phagocytic activity of macrophages. Participates in the release
cytokines, which leads to proliferation and activation
immunocompetent cells. Accelerates Transformation
B lymphocytes into plasma cells, activates
antibody production and T-helper activity.

It has an anti-inflammatory effect. Normalizes exchange
processes, especially in the kidneys and liver.

Course treatment leads to an increase in non-specific immune
response and improve resistance to negative factors
environment, including viral, fungal and bacterial
infections.

Numerous studies have found activity in
against herpes, flu and other viruses that cause colds.
diseases, the inhibitory effect on bacterial and
tissue hyaluronidase.

However, it cannot be said that echinacea is important for immunity.
and should be accepted by all people regardless of the state
body defenses. The general opinion of physicians is that
interference with the natural work of immunity is no good
does not lead, and without the need to take immunostimulants exactly
not worth it! Use for prophylaxis should also be
reasonable – if a person rarely suffers from colds,
This means that the body protects itself well against viruses. To raise
immunity does not necessarily take drugs, even
vegetable – good enough and full nutrition, drink
enough clean water to be physically active and
mentally balanced – this is more than enough!

Indications drugs

Tincture

В инструкции по application настойки эхинацеи указаны
следующие показания к application:

  • flu;
  • acute and chronic respiratory viral diseases
    nature;
  • infectious and inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity;
  • ulcerative lesions of the stomach and duodenum;
  • chronic urinary tract infections.

Externally used for the treatment of trophic ulcers, long
non-healing wounds.

Pills

  • prevention of SARS, acute respiratory infections, including influenza;
  • initial signs of cold and flu (in combination therapy
    diseases);
  • with recurrent urinary and respiratory infections
    (as a means of adjuvant therapy).

Solution

  • uncomplicated acute infectious diseases (as
    drug that increases non-specific protective factors
    organism);
  • predisposition to frequent, long-term colds;
  • immunodeficiency states, including, against the background of physical and
    mental fatigue that manifest frequent colds
    diseases;
  • prevention of SARS and flu;
  • long-term chronic infectious antibiotic therapy
    diseases.

Very often, patients ask for Echinacea pills or tincture.
– what it is better? The most effective dosage form is considered
tincture, which is associated with a high concentration of active substances in
drug. Since the drug contains ethyl alcohol, there are
some restrictions on use. People who drive a car
or engaged in work requiring constant increased attention,
more convenient to take the drug in the form of tablets.

Contraindications

  • hypersensitivity to any component of the drug, as well as
    hypersensitivity to other plants, representatives
    families (chamomile, golden daisy, arnica, marigold);
  • systemic pathology of connective tissue;
  • severe progressive diseases: tuberculosis,
    common atherosclerosis, AIDS, HIV infection;
  • leukemia;
  • autoimmune diseases;
  • pregnancy;
  • children’s age up to 12 years.

Alcohol forms of the drug can be used for children from 7 years
outwardly, but not internal!

special instructions

Alcohol containing preparations should not be taken if necessary.
vehicle management and equipment operations requiring
increased concentration of attention. Used with caution in persons
with severe hypertension, liver disease and
suffering from alcoholism.

Dosage

Tincture

Tincture is used internally and externally. Course duration
therapy and the dose is determined by the doctor individually, but treatment
should not exceed 8 weeks.

How to drink Echinacea tincture: the drug is pre-dissolved in
water. Take before meals:

  • Adults with diseases of the respiratory system prescribed
    5-15 drops 2-3 times a day. For a speedy recovery you can
    take 5-15 drops 5-6 times a day. first 3 days of treatment.
  • Adults with pathologies of the infectious nature of the urinary
    pathways and the digestive system appoint 40 drops once, and
    after 2 hours – another 20 drops. Starting from the second day of treatment
    tincture take 20 drops three times a day.
  • Echinacea tincture is prescribed for children from 12 years on 5-10 drops.
    two or three times a day

Outwardly tincture is used in diluted form for compresses,
rinses, lotions and soaking vaginal tampons. Children from
7 years and adults with wounds and trophic ulcers are usually prescribed
outwardly 20-60 drops of tincture, diluted in 100 ml of 0.9% solution
NaCl.

According to some sources, the use of echinacea tincture
Allowed in children 7-12 years old in a diluted form, 5-10 drops,
diluted in 3 parts of water, 2-3 times a day. before meals.

Solution

Is taken in pure form or with a small amount of water, not
depending on the meal. The duration of treatment is set
individually, but should not be treated for more than 8 weeks.

  • Adults and children from 12 years old – 55 drops /2.75 ml 3-4 times
    days

Flaky formations and clouding of the solution and tincture
are normal and do not affect performance
dosage forms: before using the vial must
shake

Pills

The tablet should be kept in the mouth until it is completely
dissolve. To achieve the desired therapeutic effect
tablets should be taken at least 1 week, but not more than 8 weeks
for the course.

  • Adults – 1 tablet 3-4 times a day.
  • Application for children from 12 years – similarly to adults.

Overdose

The instructions for use of tincture and solution indicated that
overdose leads to the development of the following symptoms:

  • vomiting;
  • nausea;
  • headache;
  • hyperexcitability.

A gastric lavage is indicated to assist patients.
symptomatic treatment.

Overdose dosage form of the tablet data is not.

Side effects

The following allergic reactions may develop:
rash, itching, swelling of the face, dizziness, difficulty breathing,
reduce blood pressure. If any unusual reactions occur, treatment
should stop.

According to reviews of echinacea tablets, in the form of tincture and solution with
compliance with the recommended doses and the frequency of administration rarely causes
adverse reactions.

Drug interactions

Reports of negative interactions with other drugs
Echinacea to date has not been.

Since echinacea preparations have immunostimulatory
action should not be taken simultaneously with
immunosuppressants, glucocorticosteroids and cytokines.

With a combination of solution and tincture of a plant with derivatives
cephalosporin or drugs with ethanol may develop nausea,
sweating, headache, palpitations.

Analogs

Immunorm (tablets number 20 – 160 rubles); Immunal (tablets number 20 – 280 rubles., 50 ml drops – 280
rub.);
Echinacea-Parapharm (tablets number 40 – 112 rubles.)
Эхинацея Гексал
Estiphan (tablets N 30 – 70 rub.) Echinacea Hexal (50 ml drops – 150 rubles) Ekhinatsin liquidum (solution 50 ml – 190 rubles)

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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