Diet for reflux esophagitis: a list of foodsmenu

Update: October 2018

Reflux esophagitis – a chronic disease, complication
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) associated with
lesion of the lower esophagus due to falling into it
gastric contents. In addition to drug treatment, patients with
reflux esophagitis is necessary to follow a diet, on the basis of which
составляется еженедельное menu.

Diet for reflux esophagitis plays a key role in good
helping patients stop progression
diseases.

Worried about heartburn after spicy, greasy, sour foods, belching
the contents of the stomach, it is worth only lie down after a meal? Should
Visit a gastroenterologist immediately!

См. Лечение рефлюкс-эзофагита, Изжога после еды, Препараты
for heartburn, how to get rid of heartburn

What you can: permitted products with reflux esophagitis

During the period of exacerbation of reflux esophagitis, when swallowing food
delivers pain, prescribed medical hunger. As you digress
symptoms in the first 5-10 days injected table number 1 (liquid, semi-liquid
food).

Diet during exacerbation of reflux esophagitis:

  • mucous soups (oatmeal, semolina, rice) with milky egg
    family;
  • mucous soups from flour for baby food;
  • steam soufflé from dietary meats (turkey, rabbit,
    chicken, beef, veal) – 1 time per day;
  • steamed fish soufflé (cod, pike, hake, pollock) or a piece,
    for a couple. Once a day, alternating with a meat dish, that is, a day fish,
    meat day;
  • milk and sour cream sauces (for fish, meat dishes);
  • dishes from grated cereals in the form of porridge with milk (buckwheat,
    rice, oatmeal);
  • soft-boiled eggs (1 per day);
  • steam omelets;
  • dairy products (low-fat cream 9%, pasteurized
    low-fat milk, grated cottage cheese (non-acidic);
  • butter;
  • jelly;
  • jelly, mashed potatoes (boiled) berries;
  • honey, sugar (as additives);
  • weak tea (with milk), dogrose infusion, bran decoction,
    fruit, herbal teas, compotes, sweet fruit juices,
    diluted with water.

Everything else in the first 5-10 days of exacerbation of reflux esophagitis
prohibited!

Это щадящее, несбалансированное menu, которое неполноценно в
energy plan and weakens the motor function of the digestive tract. Therefore, with
5-10 дня обострения рефлюкс-эзофагита menu расширяют — переводят к
load diet number 1B for 14 days. Protein increases to 100 gr.
due to dairy products (proteins increase the tone of the lower
sphincter). Additionally allowed:

  • stale wheat bread (up to 200 gr.);
  • low-fat cheeses;
  • vegetable soups with grated vegetables;
  • meat, fish (low-fat varieties of steamed + can be dumplings, burgers,
    tefethels);
  • soft-boiled eggs, up to 3 per day;
  • fruits, berries (non-acidic);
  • canned fruits and vegetables (canned baby food);
  • prunes;
  • boiled cereals (in addition to the permitted – barley,
    rubbed);
  • vegetables (boiled puree): beets, potatoes, carrots, zucchini,
    pumpkin, cauliflower;
  • milk, up to 4 times a day.

During remission, reflux esophagitis is transferred to table number 1 –
moderately sparing, full-fledged diet with a reduced amount
animal fats (the latter reduce the tone of the sphincter of the esophagus).

Alkaline mineral waters without gas are recommended in the period
remission of reflux esophagitis – reduce acidity, inflammation
mucous and reflux frequency.

What can not: prohibited products

The strictest ban on reflux esophagitis is imposed on the dishes and
products that stimulate the production of gastric juice (disease
exacerbated by throwing the acidic contents of the stomach into the esophagus)
and causing flatulence. 

Banned (at any stage of the disease):

  • nourishing meat, mushroom, fish broths (on the first
    water);
  • fried foods;
  • spicy dishes;
  • meat, fish stewed in own juice;
  • passaged vegetables, including, like dressing in the soup;
  • mushrooms;
  • canned food;
  • smoked meat;
  • dried foods;
  • pickled foods;
  • pickled vegetables;
  • pickles, any salty dishes;
  • spices;
  • tomato sauces;
  • hard-boiled eggs;
  • Rye bread;
  • fresh wheat bread;
  • bakery products;
  • nuts, seeds;
  • dates;
  • wholegrain bran bread;
  • сдобная bakery products;
  • pasta;
  • millet, pearl barley;
  • dairy products (especially sour);
  • pure sour cream;
  • serum;
  • skimmed milk;
  • strong tea, cocoa and coffee;
  • chocolate, candy, halva;
  • raw vegetables;
  • vegetables with coarse fiber in any form (turnip, radish, asparagus,
    legumes;
  • fruits with coarse skin;
  • raw fruits;
  • sour fruits and berries + with coarse skins (grapes, gooseberries,
    dates, currants);
  • jam;
  • ice cream;
  • alcohol;
  • carbonated drinks;
  • spices, seasonings, hot sauces.

Excludes products that reduce the tone of the lower esophageal
sphincter:

  • fatty fish, poultry, meat;
  • confectionery (cakes, pastries, creams);
  • Products, drinks with peppermint.

Prohibited products that irritate the mucous membrane
esophagus:

  • onion garlic;
  • citrus, including juices;
  • tomatoes;
  • cucumbers.

Also banned is too cold and too hot food.

Power Rules

Allowed foods need to eat right – just that
The combination guarantees a healing effect. Basic rules for
reflux esophagitis:

  • one and a half to two hours before meals you need to drink 1-2 tablespoons. vegetable
    oils;
  • half an hour before meals you should take a proton inhibitor
    pumps;
  • water consumption is limited to 1 l per day – drinks
    consumed with food, and after eating undesirable;
  • пища должна иметь температуру от 15 до 600С;
  • food in small portions, 5-6 times a day;
  • cooking – steamed, mashed, baked without
    crusts;
  • most of the calories – the first half of the day;
  • dinner – low-calorie dishes;
  • after eating a walk in the fresh air is desirable;
  • after eating you can not lie, unduly active, lean,
    doing sports is provoking an exacerbation because
    stomach contents will enter the esophagus;
  • the last meal is 4 hours before bedtime;
  • sleep is recommended on the left side or with a raised headboard
    beds 15 cm;
  • need to abandon the wearing of belts, belts tight corsets.

The purpose of the diet is to reduce the frequency of reflux and the formation of conditions
for healing erosions.

Диета при рефлюкс-эзофагите

Menu for the week

Food should be chemically, thermally and mechanically gentle.
Подходящее menu разрабатывает гастроэнтеролог с учетом тяжести
diseases. Приведенное menu на неделю – примерное!

Monday

  • Breakfast: Liquid, well boiled (grated) buckwheat porridge
    with milk, dogrose infusion
  • 2nd breakfast: soft-boiled egg
  • Lunch: Vegetable cream soup, fish
  • Lunch: Protein omelette
  • Dinner: Cauliflower puree

Tuesday:

  • Breakfast: semolina, fruit tea
  • 2nd breakfast: White bread sandwich with butter and hard
    cheese
  • Lunch: Vegetable soup, steamed meatballs in sour cream
    sauce
  • Lunch: Cottage cheese with chopped sweet boiled fruits and
    cream
  • Dinner: Mashed Potatoes and Zucchini

Wednesday

  • Завтрак: Рисовая каша с  банановым пюре (детское питание),
    herbal tea
  • 2nd breakfast: Milk sweetened kissel
  • Lunch: Rice soup slimy, fish souffle steamed
  • Lunch: Salad from boiled beets, grated
  • Dinner: Carrot puree with cottage cheese

Thursday

  • Breakfast: Soft-boiled Egg, Milk Jelly
  • 2nd breakfast: Berry jelly
  • Lunch: Buckwheat soup, boiled turkey fillet
  • Полдник: Творог со cream
  • Dinner: Vegetable pudding, dairy souffle

Friday

  • Breakfast: Rubbed barley porridge, bran broth
  • 2nd breakfast: Sweet, ripe fruit smoothie
    (heat treated)
  • Lunch: slimy oatmeal soup, chicken dumplings
  • Lunch: Protein omelette
  • Dinner: Pumpkin Puree

Saturday

  • Breakfast: Egg omelet with milk, rosehip tea
  • 2nd breakfast: Sandwich made of white bread with butter and
    cheese
  • Lunch: Fish soup 2 broth, fish pudding
  • Safe, cottage cheese, grated with milk
  • Supper: Liquid Mashed Potatoes

Sunday

  • Завтрак: Каша овсяная слизистая, чай со cream
  • 2nd breakfast: Kissel
  • Lunch: Cauliflower and potato soup with veal
    meatballs
  • Snack: Fruit salad from pears, strawberries, raspberries
    (приготовленных на пару) со cream
  • Dinner: Carrot puree

The sixth meal is allowed 1 glass of warm milk (on
night) or a glass of chamomile tea.

Basics of cooking

We present simple cooking techniques for some dishes:

  • Паровое суфле из рыбы, мяса: отваренное мясо,
    the fish is scrolled several times in a meat grinder or whipped in
    блендере, припускают for a couple.
  • Рыбный пудинг: отваренное филе рыбы измельчают
    blender. Enter a little butter, 1 egg yolk,
    stirred. Enter 1 beaten protein, mix gently,
    put in the oven for 10-15 minutes.
  • Протертая каша. The rumped rump is rubbed.
    через сито или измельчают blender. Add some oil,
    boiled pasteurized milk, put in a water bath or on
    small fire for 10-15 min.
  • Шиповниковый чай: в термос заливают 1 л
    boiling water and 2 tbsp. dry rosehips. Insist a couple
    hours
  • Белковый омлет. Squirrels of fresh eggs are whipped
    with a mixer or a fork, add milk, mix, place in
    steamer or water bath for 10 min.
  • Тыквенное пюре. Small pieces of pumpkin,
    peeled from skin, internal fibers, steamed until
    readiness. Crush in a blender with the addition of honey (if on
    garnish, then a little salt).
  • Рисовый слизистый суп. Washed rice fall asleep in
    boiling water, boil for 3 minutes over high heat, then reduce to
    минимума, доводят до readiness. Hot rice filtered is
    slimy soup. Strained rice can be entered into the dish by wiping through
    sieve.

Salt, sugar – to taste, moderately.

Reflux esophagitis cannot be cured completely, but can be taken under
control, avoid exacerbations and complications (Barrett’s esophagus,
bleeding, esophageal strictures, esophageal cancer). Diet plays such
same value as drug therapy. In addition to the failure of the diet, failure
from drugs, exacerbation cause:

  • alcoholic drinks;
  • smoking;
  • work, sports associated with abdominal overstrain
    press;
  • wearing tight clothing, belts, belts, corsets;
  • obesity.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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