Diarrhea у грудничка: со слизью, физиологическийor pathological, causes

Update: October 2018

Fluid stools or diarrhea in common is a disorder
digestion, which happens often enough in infants and children
школьника — у children любого возраста. Many parents believe that
the appearance in the child’s feces of inconspicuous mucus in a minor
quantity is the norm. What can lead to diarrhea and when to beat
anxiety, consider next. The main cause of this condition
is ingesting gastrointestinal substances
tract or intolerable child. Вариантов у children младше 12
months a little: such substances can get from breast milk,
mixture, drinks (water, baby tea, etc.) or complementary foods. Have
breastfed babies, diarrhea is
редким явлением, а вот у искусственников и children на стадии введения
complementary foods – quite often.

The second most common cause of diarrhea is infection: viruses, bacteria and
fungi can get into the body of a child with food, water, and
contact-domestic way, through the dirty hands of mother or child, with
non-compliance with basic rules of hygiene.

Errors in nutrition – the third cause of diarrhea. Earlier introduction
feeding, overloading the digestive tract (especially the introduction
several new products at once), excess of food intake
– all this leads to the fact that the digestive tract does not cope and arises
dysfunction, which is manifested by diarrhea.

Причины появления у children жидкого стула со слизью

Many parents believe that появление в кале ребенка
малозаметной слизи в незначительном quantity is the norm. And even
if a child has diarrhea with mucus (causes), this is not a clear sign
diseases. However, mucus is always a sign of irritation.
intestines: normal impurities of mucus in the stool should not be! Have children
before the age of two, this happens much more often than the older ones
children, так как кишечник у малышей более чувствителен к бактериям и
microorganisms entering the gastrointestinal tract.

Most often, the relaxation of the stool in a child is caused by the following
reasons:

  • power failure
  • high content of fruits and vegetables in the diet
  • diarrhea in teething
  • colds
  • antipyretic reception
  • simple overexcitation
  • climate change.

It is not dangerous and in most cases such a disorder.
passes by itself. When liquid stools from these reasons, the total
The condition of the child does not suffer much.

Also, mucus in the stool of a baby may appear due to not
breast milk sterility. Then it’s better to pass the baby’s mom
relevant analysis in a paid lab and review your
diet. More serious reasons can be considered:

  • overeating (see how to properly feed children)
  • enterocolitis
  • cow milk intolerance, gluten (see whether it is possible to give
    cow’s milk for children up to a year)
  • gastroenteritis
  • lactase deficiency
  • helminthic invasion
  • poisoning
  • dysbacteriosis.

How to understand that loose stools is diarrhea (diarrhea)

First, let’s talk about the rules.

  • Have ребенка на грудном вскармливании стул может сопровождать
    each feeding, up to 8 times a day.
  • Artificial feeding chair in babies less often, up to 4 times per
    day.
  • After the introduction of complementary feeding, the frequency of bowel movements is approximately
    выравнивается, и у children, которых еще кормят грудным молоком, и у
    малышей, получающих смесь, чаще – до 3 раз в day.

When breastfeeding, the stool can be either liquid or
mushy, consistency and hue of feces depend on
that is present in the diet of nursing moms, the smell is something like
smell of kefir.

Thus, watery feces with a greenish tinge
a child eating a breast with lumps of uncooked milk is
the norm, but only if the crumb feels good,
gains weight and behaves normally!

The chair in a child who eats the mixture is more dense, practically
always the same color and characteristic odor.

What then is considered diarrhea? Defecation, look, smell and
the amount of which is not invested in the usual amount of feces
в day. But you have to remember, all children are different and compare them with each other.
the friend can not – loose stools, which we see in the photo, laid out
some mom on the forum is not necessarily
pattern, which must be equal!

There are so-called diagnostic criteria that allow
identify diarrhea from normal stool:

  • stool significantly increased at least 2 times;
  • the stool has become watery;
  • the chair contains atypical impurities;
  • changed the color of feces in the normal diet, including
    discolored;
  • the child is restless, does not eat well and sleeps, knocks his legs;
  • there is increased gas formation;
  • from the stool emanates an unpleasant odor;
  • irritation, redness appeared around the anus.

Attention! About each case of more frequent stools, the appearance of atypical and
more frequent bowel movements than usual need to be informed
pediatrician! Для children до года это обязательно – врача нужно вызвать
on house!

Aggravating circumstances are:

  • loose or watery stools that have lost their fecal character
    (wet spots on the diaper or diaper)
  • blood in the liquid stool
  • profuse mucus in stool.

But the situation becomes more serious if the child has diarrhea.
caused by intestinal infection or appeared during or after taking
antibiotics (dysbacteriosis). An urgent need to call a doctor if
the child appeared:

  • watery stools with mucus more than 6 times a day
  • feces with a sharp fetid odor
  • green diarrhea in infants or diarrhea in the form of orange
    flakes
  • high fever combined with diarrhea
  • stool in the form of raspberry jelly or blood impurities in the liquid
    Kale,
  • diarrhea combined with regurgitation (especially fountain),
  • concomitant serious condition – the child is lethargic, refuses
    from food and eating, urination is rare or absent.

In addition, if the baby has loose stools combined with frequent
spitting up, the baby has a bad weight gain – this indicates
serious health problems. Establish the cause of loose stools
the baby will be helped by the doctor by referring to the appropriate tests –
coprogram, complete blood count, feces analysis for dysbacteriosis. Diarrhea
in children after antibiotics are almost always caused by dysbiosis
intestine. Therefore, any use of antibacterial agents
It is recommended to accompany the means to maintain normal
baby microflora by age and pediatrician recommendations (see
list of analogs of Linex, as well as treatment
dysbacteriosisа кишечника).

Feces with colianteritis Putrid feces with unilateral protein feeding Hungry chair Meconium
 Feces with dysentery Feces with alimentary dyspepsia Acholic feces with atresia of the biliary tract  Mese-like homogeneous feces (GW)
 Feces with intestinal infantilism  Feces with alimentary dyspepsia  Feces with melena newborns  Feces of a child fed cow’s milk

The tests needed to determine the cause of diarrhea
children

Diarrhea у грудничкаComplete blood count will help establish
�”Seriousness” of the infection. That is, how strong inflammatory
process in the body of the baby. Based on the result of the analysis, the doctor
prescribe treatment.

  • Coprogram

Coprogram может установить наличие нарушения в работе
enzyme systems, shows the work of the pancreas and
помогает распознавать место дисфункции в пищеварительной
системе, тяжесть воспалительного процесса,  патологических
processes in the gastrointestinal tract. In an acute situation with
diarrhea is almost always useless.

  • Bacteriological analysis of feces + study on
    dysbacteriosis

It will help determine what pathogens
caused digestive upset in the baby. So you can identify
Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella, enterococci, Proteus. In the same
The analysis considers the colonies of bifidum and lactobacilli, which when
поносах у children, как правило, совсем мало. And also the analysis allows
establish a quantitative indicator of good bacteria in the intestine
baby The disadvantage of this analysis is that it is performed in
within 5-10 business days and most often it will have to be done
for a fee.

  • The analysis of feces on eggs worm and protozoa – it is necessary to pass,
    as some helminthic invasions can cause recurrent
    diarrhea in a child.
  • Sowing feces on typhoid paratyphoid and dysenteric group
    allows you to identify or deny these options for free
    infections.
  • Sow feces in the direction of the pediatrician can and on specific
    suspected pathogen: staphylococci, rotaviruses.

How to treat diarrhea in an infant

Длительный понос у младенца  очень опасен, он приводит к
dehydration of the child’s body in a very short time. What to give
child with diarrhea? First of all it is necessary to carry out
recovery of water-salt deficiency caused by diarrhea.

  • The child must remain on the chest or artificial
    feeding. Breast let’s as often as the child asks, not
    maintain the usual intervals!
  • At the artists, it makes sense to somewhat reduce portions and
    feed the baby a little more often.
  • If diarrhea in an infant combines with frequent regurgitation.
    (vomiting) do not need to engage in amateur and treat themselves. Need to
    urgently take the child to the hospital where they will put an IV drip, so
    how babies are dehydrated much faster than adults.
  • If it is only about diarrhea. You can try to compete with
    dehydration yourself. In addition to the usual food (milk or
    mixtures) a child up to one year old should drink the volume that
    he is roughly lost with the previous liquid stool. Plus the volume of one
    feeding plus about 200 ml on each following liquid stool.
    Water should be special salt solutions (Regidron, Acesol,
    Оралит), подойдет и чистая детская вода либо сладкий чай для children
    older than a year. If the baby drinks normally between feedings, water
    it from a bottle, spoon, cup or syringe. If it is tight,
    give 1 tsp every 5 minutes.
  • If nothing happens – do not expect complications and go to
    hospital Criteria for dehydration are drowsiness, dry
    lips, palms and feet, dull eyes, poorly straightening
    crease on the tummy, seized by fingers, lethargy, absence
    urination.

The doctor may also prescribe treatment with Enterofuril, Stop Diar in
suspensions Furazolidone tablets according to the instructions and
dosages according to the age of the child (see symptoms of food poisoning,
treatment of food poisoning, causes of diarrhea and vomiting in a child without
temperatures, a complete list of all the remedies for diarrhea). Often
specific Klebsiella or staphylococcal diarrhea are treated
bacteriophages (entertibacteriophage, staphylococcal,
Klebsiellezny).

Diet for diarrhea in children

If diarrhea in an infant who is on an infant
feeding, the child recovers faster, and they are less likely to
complications. It is necessary to combine breastfeeding with
rehydration, more often apply the baby and eliminate vegetable supplements,
juices, leaving porridge and meat.

For older children need a strict diet, from the diet
exclude hard-to-digest foods, sweet, fatty, dairy,
salty and fiber rich foods. You can give crackers, tea,
potatoes, bananas.


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