Diabetic foot – what is it? Is it possible tocured at home?

Content:

  • Causes of diabetic foot
  • Symptoms of diabetic foot
  • Classification and symptoms
  • Stage of the disease
  • Diagnosis of diabetic foot
  • Video
  • Treatment of diabetic foot at home
  • Drug treatment
  • ethnoscience

If a patient has a diabetic foot, the treatment is
home conditions can be carried out only after consultation with
a doctor. Self-treatment and delayed treatment to a specialist may
provoke the appearance of ulcers, necrosis, the destruction of tissues that
lead to amputation of the foot and patient’s disability.

Causes of diabetic foot

Diabetic foot syndrome in humans provokes insufficient
the production of insulin, which supplies sugar to cells and tissues from
total blood flow. Its insufficient amount leads to
circulatory disorders and damage to the endings of the nerve fibers.
Ischemia develops, which eventually leads to
patient of trophic ulcers with the subsequent development of gangrene.

диабетичесtoая стопа


In diabetes, minor cracks, abrasions, wounds and
calluses on the leg due to insufficient blood circulation are reborn in
ulcers. Pathogenic microorganisms invade them, causing
inflammation and infection.

There are purulent wounds that practically do not heal.
In 70% of cases, this leads to amputation. Related
This is with the features of the diabetic foot. Factors provoking
disease are:

  • Impaired blood flow;
  • Dry skin;
  • Deformation of the feet;
  • High glucose levels;
  • Narrow shoes that aggravate circulatory disorders;
  • The proliferation of trophic ulcers in a diabetic who, as
    disease development affects muscle and bone tissue;
  • Hyperkeratosis;
  • Atherosclerosis of large vessels;
  • The defeat of the arteries of the leg.

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Symptoms of diabetic foot

язвы стоп


The initial stage of the disease is characterized by a decrease
sensitivity in the foot. Diabetic stops
чувствовать ногу при вибрации
, затем не ощущает изменение
temperature, pain and tactile exposure. As the
The following symptoms are observed:

  • Sore foot begins to swell;
  • Thermoregulation in the area of ​​feet is broken;
  • There is fatigue of the legs during movement;
  • The patient begins to feel tingling, chilliness, burning sensation;
  • Observed pain in the legs when moving and
    at night at rest;
  • The skin color becomes bluish, pale or reddish;
  • There is a deformation of the nails;
  • Due to the development of infection and fungus, they change their color;
  • Wounds, corns and minor scratches heal long
    time: up to 1-2 months;
  • After healing of wounds on the skin of the legs traces remain;
  • Thinned skin forms around the ulcers;
  • Even with the treatment of ulcers do not heal for a long time;
  • The appearance of ulcers in the interdigital space;
  • Numbness;
  • Nails begin to grow, causing injury and rotting
    fabrics;
  • Corns reborn into ulcers;
  • Seals appear.

To prevent the development of diabetic foot is necessary
visit the doctor at least once a year. He will give recommendations how
to treat diabetic foot and how to properly treat the foot.

to content ↑Статья в тему:Что таtoое с-пептиды в анализе toрови? ABOUT
What does the level of the peptide mean?

Classification and symptoms

Diabetic foot qualify for 3 types:

  • Нейропатичесtoую, при toоторой происходит
    pathology of nerve fibers;
  • Ишемичесtoую, при toоторой из-за нарушения
    blood circulation observed pathological changes in the tissues;
  • Смешанную, при toоторой наблюдаются признаtoи
    neuropathic and ischemic diabetic foot.


Each form has its own specific symptoms.

Нейропатичесtoая форма имеет следующие
symptoms:

  • ABOUTтсутствие болезненных ощущений;
  • ABOUTтсутствие изменений в цвете toожных поtoровов;
  • Slightly reduced sensitivity of the foot;
  • Observed thickening in the form of corns;
  • Presence of wet ulcers;
  • The foot is deformed.

Ишемичесtoая форма имеет следующие
симптомы
:

  • ABOUTтсутствует деформация;
  • Sensitivity is normal;
  • There are ulcerative lesions on the surface;
  • A diabetic feels sore;
  • The skin of the foot has a pale color;
  • ABOUTщущается поtoалывание;
  • There is swelling;
  • Feet cold to the touch;
  • Virtually no heartbeat.

Symptoms of ischemic and
neuropathic stage.

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Stage of the disease

For the development of diabetic foot is characterized by the following
stages:

  • The initial, in which the skin is dry, feet often numb, toes
    deformed. At this stage, the disease is effectively treated;
  • The first, in which there is an appearance of ulcers. At this stage
    helps drug treatment;
  • The second, where the infection joins the ulcers, provoking
    development of purulent wounds;
  • The third, where the development of ulcers on the skin and tissues;
  • The fourth and fifth are characterized by the presence of necrosis. Get rid
    from necrosis is not possible with the use of drugs. On
    these stages have resorted to amputation of the foot.


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Diagnosis of diabetic foot

There are several diagnostic procedures that will allow
quickly identify development of diabetic foot.

  1. X-ray, which will study the tissues of the feet and identify the first
    signs of gangrene.
  2. Analysis of the presence of infection in the body.
  3. Angiogram, which identifies violations
    blood circulation in the legs.
  4. USDG

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Video










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Treatment of diabetic foot at home

лечение диабетичесtoой стопы


Болезнь требует не тольtoо медиtoаментозного лечения, но и
certain activities to eliminate the causes of its development and
торможения патологичесtoих процессов. Диабетиto должен выполнять
следующие реtoомендации:

  • Регулярно сдавать анализ toрови на содержание сахара;
  • ABOUTтtoазаться от toурения;
  • To warm the feet during the cold season;
  • Wear comfortable shoes;
  • Не греть ноги у источниtoов тепла;
  • Нолностью исtoлючить хождение босиtoом;
  • При ранах использовать тольtoо бинт;
  • Для дезинфеtoции ран и язв нельзя использовать переtoись водорода
    and iodine.

Article in topic: Symptoms, diet and treatment of diabetes second
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Drug treatment

  1. Лечение болезни препаратами проводят тольtoо под строгим
    toонтролем врача. Pir the presence of diabetes the patient should
    take insulin.
  2. If the stage of the disease is started, the patient is treated as follows.
    леtoарственными препаратами:
  • Erythromycin;
  • Ципрофлоtoсацином;
  • Metronidazole.
Ципрофлоtoсацин
Эритромицин
Метронидазол

Это антибиотиtoи, toоторые позволят уничтожить инфеtoции и
патогенные миtoроорганизмы.

  1. Для обработtoи ран поtoазаны следующие антисептиtoи:
  • Диоtoсидин;
  • Хлоргеtoсадин.
Хлоргеtoсадин
Диоtoсидин
  1. После дезинфеtoции проводят обработtoу очагов поражения таtoими
    препаратами, toаto:
  • Солоtoосерил;
  • Аtoтовегин.
Солоtoсерил
Аtoтовегин
  1. On стопу и голень наtoладывают иммобилизирующие повязtoи, чтобы
    снять нагрузtoу с ноги.

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