- Collection rules
- Test Evaluation
- Signs of the disease
- Other characteristics
One of the mandatory tests for young children is stool coprogram. A stool coprogram in infants helps to evaluate gastrointestinal tract, liver, pancreas, kidneys, check for children the body for the presence of worms and germs.
Fecal analysis is a common and inexpensive way to deal with the work of the digestive tract of the baby. It allows you to detect not only the whole possible range of disorders in the functioning of the gastrointestinal organs path, but also the localization of the disease.
A few coprogram analyzes are performed at babies and the last one includes research microbiological culture for dysbiosis.
The stool coprogram is a comprehensive study aimed at are the following results:
- Assessment of the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the end large intestine;
- The presence of infection, inflammation and pathogenic masses in the intestines;
- The presence of eggs is worm;
- To establish inherited diseases: cystic fibrosis, celiac enteropathy, etc .;
- Disharmony of bacterial equilibrium in the body.
According to the results of the analysis, physical, microscopic and chemical indicators of feces. The indicators will reflect age baby and type of feeding. For accurate coprogram cal indicators must be assembled in the correct sequence.
Feces are scraped off diapers or oilcloths. Take feces from the diaper not because its material absorbs liquid. you need to collect a couple of teaspoons of feces in a clean, wiped dry capacity.
It is not recommended to place samples for analysis in containers under food because their surface contains microparticles of food. Feces should be fresh, it is better to collect it in the morning.
You can store such an analysis in a cool room no more 6-8 hours. There should not be urine in the analyzes, but not laxatives should be given to the child.
There are several the parameters by which the feces are evaluated:
- pH reaction
- Reaction to bilirubin;
- Muscle fibers;
- Connective tissue;
- Sliced food in feces;
By consistency, the stool of young children can take two forms: in the form of a single piece and unformed. If the baby is exclusively on breastfeeding, then his stool takes the consistency of sour cream with a small addition of water.
If the baby is on artificial feeding, then his stool comes in the form of a soft bar or gruel. After adding to feces baby food stool thickens and gains the shape of a loose bar. Drier stools or more loose stool indicates constipation.
In infants 1 year old, the chair has a yellowish tint with green interspersed in the first months of life. Then it gradually turns brown and by the age of two it has the same color as the rest people. Small pieces of food may be present in the stool.
In children who are breast-fed, the smell of feces gives sour kefir. Artificially fed infants have the smell of stool is sharper.
Signs of the disease
White blood cells in the coprogram in infants are single. The excess of white blood cells in the child’s blood indicates the presence of hemorrhoids, colitis or dysentery.
A healthy baby has almost no protein in the stool; its presence indicates gastrointestinal inflammation, bleeding, or undigested food. Blood in the stool indicates allergies, cracks in the intestines, polyps and other abnormalities in the development of the digestive tract.
Bilirubin is a breakdown product of blood hemoglobin. Him presence is the norm only in children of three months. In older babies age, bilirubin breaks down under the influence of microflora. Him the presence in the stool of children older than three months indicates problems in the gastrointestinal tract.
Some mucus should be present in stool, it protects the intestinal wall from the negative effects of it content. Up to three to five months, the amount of mucus in the stool the baby may be elevated.
Indicators of the number of muscle fibers are normally not exceed unit. Exceeding their number in the stool indicates pancreatic disease.
Connective tissue should be absent. Her presence also indicates impaired functioning pancreas. The abundance of starch indicates poor functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas, the presence of infections. How take fecal analysis and decipher the result – useful recommendations for parents.
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The decoding of the coprogram in the baby shows parents Does the baby have problems with the digestive tract, helps independently establish the presence of infections, parasites or malfunction stomach, intestines, or pancreas.