Climax in women: symptoms, treatmentclimacteric syndrome

Update: December 2018

The meaning of life for a woman is to be loved
and desirable, but this is only the top of the iceberg. In depth
hidden subconscious ancient desire to have reliable protection
for their children, themselves and their homes.

And this confidence can only be given to her sincerely loving man.
A woman knows only one way to find this meaning of life, to be
attractive and sexy. Estrogens – female sex hormones,
just provide them with this attraction.

Thanks to these hormones, the woman has round body shape, gentle
voice, velvety and elastic skin, strong and bright emotions.
Estrogens are responsible for the ability to conceive and endure a child. Exactly
so in an era of rebirth dimples on the buttocks and thighs, which
today called cellulite, considered a sign of female
attractiveness.

They indicated a sufficient level of estrogen in the body, and
It means that a woman is healthy herself and is able to give birth to a healthy
progeny. But nothing is forever, in the life of every representative
fair sex comes this “terrible” period, which is called
menopause.

Age when menopause begins in women

Climax is the natural extinction of the main female function –
childbearing The gradual reverse development required for this
organs: breasts, ovaries, uterus, and lower estrogen levels
the body.

Each woman’s ovaries are genetically inherent.
the number of follicles, depends on it the time of occurrence
climacteric syndrome. Usually, menopause occurs at the age of
50 to 55 years. If his symptoms are observed before the age of 40
– This is an early syndrome (see women cleaners risk bringing their
menopause). All body reactions to this last hormonal
�The “storm” of each woman is individual.

One is experiencing this period hard and long, the other he
passes almost unnoticed. Traced clear
the hereditary relationship of the beginning of the extinction of the reproductive function of the female
lines if a woman wants to know how this process will go with her
all you have to do is ask your mother. This will allow
Psychologically prepare and help easier to move this period
(see the first signs of menopause).

Early menopausal syndrome diagnosed in women under 40
years, which is a deviation and not a natural process (frequent
phenomenon in recent decades). At risk include:

  • smoking women
  • suffered a large number of medical abortions
    (effects)
  • leading not regular sex life
  • suffering from alcoholism, obesity
  • not observing the regime of work and rest
  • often stressed and fond of diets
    fasting
  • having autoimmune diseases, endocrine disorders
    (thyroid disease, diabetes)
  • gynecological diseases, including oncological

Periods of hormonal adjustment

The time it takes for a complete hormonal adjustment,
passes in three stages:

Пременопауза- На первом этапе
up to 6 years, follicles become more resistant to
the action of hormones that stimulate them to mature. Is broken
habitual cyclical nature of the menstrual cycle. Menstruation can
occur with significant delays, decreases or
the number of days increases until complete cessation. Changes and
volume of discharge, bleeding becomes more scarce or
plentiful. Gynecologists call this period – premenopausal.

With the pathological course of premenopause
отмечается повышенная продукция эстрогенов — 
hyperestragia. Therefore, on prophylactic onco-examination
gynecologist, in such patients the following can be detected
signs:

  • excess production of cervical mucus expressed
    vaginal wall folding
  • the uterus does not decrease in size but increases and
    compacted
  • when inspecting the mammary glands is determined by tightness and medium-sized
    seals, they are somewhat enlarged and painful
  • in the walls of the uterus reveal myoma nodes and other tumor
    tumors in the genitals
  • menstruation may be longer and more abundant, not
    rare cases of dysfunctional bleeding (see the causes of uterine
    bleeding)

Менопауза — второй этап самый короткий, полное
cessation of the onset of menstruation. In the third stage, finally
hormonal changes are completed, the ovaries are completely
stop producing hormones, estrogen levels are stable
reduced by 50% of the reproductive phase. Continues
age involution of the organism. This is early postmenopause (1 – 2
of the year).

Постменопауза — In the third stage, finally
hormonal changes are completed, the ovaries are completely
stop producing hormones, estrogen levels are stable
reduced by 50% of the reproductive phase. Continues
age involution of the organism. This is early postmenopause (1 – 2
of the year). Bodies in which the functioning of the sex
hormones, undergo smooth hypotrophic changes:

  • pubic hair thinning
  • vaginal walls lose their tone and folding
  • vaults flattened
  • the size of the uterus decreases
  • decreases the amount of secreted mucus from the cervical canal, perhaps
    complete termination.

Significant changes also occur in the mammary glands, which
is a physiological process – involution of the mammary glands
occurs by fatty or fibrous replacement of the glandular
tissue. During normal climacteric period
the state of health remains satisfactory for a long time.
Directly postmenopause lasts the rest of his life.

Какие симптомы climacteric syndrome

Estrogens are actively involved in the life of the organism as a whole,
there are receptors sensitive to these hormones in many organs,
hence the variety of symptoms. If this period is a woman
proceeds with complications, the following symptoms will be observed
menopause:

  • Changes in the emotional sphere

The ancient Greeks directly linked the emotional state of women
with the uterus, it is reflected in the origin of the word hysteria from
greek hystera – uterus. Some women have climacteric
disorders of the emotional sphere occur by type
astheno-neurotic syndrome. This state manifests itself.
unmotivated crying, irritability, feeling
anxiety, fear, insomnia, intolerance to individual sounds and
odors.

Other patients have marked depressive
disorders that do not respond well to conventional treatment, and
flow in severe form. Individual women may experience
significant behavior changes, up to the caller. They make
screaming hairstyles, are candid outfits, prefer bright
makeup, in the hope of delaying the passing youth.

  • Disorders of the autonomic nervous system

The most vivid and specific, with severe climacteric
syndrome, the symptoms are “hot flashes” that arise as
the reaction of vegetative neuroregulation to the effects of external and
internal factors (see how to get rid of hot flashes during menopause).
Clinically “hot flashes” appear: Climax in women: symptoms, treatment

  • anxiety;
  • feeling of a sinking heart;
  • lack of air;
  • profuse sweating;
  • redness of the skin;
  • nausea;
  • dizziness and increasing weakness.

Hyperventilation syndrome (HWS) – characterized by impaired
rhythm, depth, respiration rate. Patients complain of a lack
air, chest tightness, lump in throat. With this syndrome
persistent headaches are noted, like migraine, pain of tension,
mixed species. Such patients do not tolerate stuffiness, moisture,
heat GVS – associated with impaired metabolism of minerals, namely calcium
and magnesium, which is caused by persistent lowering of estrogen levels.

Recently, to the GVS include sleep apnea syndrome, frequent
bouts of short-term spontaneous breath holding during sleep.
Indirect symptoms of menopause are:

  • night snoring
  • frequent awakenings
  • increased sleepiness during the day
  • high blood pressure numbers in the morning.

The function of estrogen is the preservation and restoration of nerve
cells that are destroyed in Alzheimer’s disease, improving
neuronal function, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects,
normalization of blood circulation in the brain, regulation of glucose levels.

  • Dysfunction of the genitourinary system and changes in trophism
    skin integument

Atrophic vaginitis – estrogen deficiency, with climacteric
syndrome leads to a decrease in blood flow in the vaginal walls to
conditions of ischemia. The lumen of the arteries narrows, the number decreases.
functioning capillaries, the production of natural
mucus, this explains the pathological dryness of the vagina as
consequence of itching, burning, omission of the walls.

Atrophic changes in the pelvic ligamentous apparatus change
normal anatomical location of the urethra and bladder that
contributes to the prolapse of the walls of the vagina and uterus.

Symptoms of atrophic cystourethritis – increased urination with
the release of a small amount of urine, pain, during the act
urination burning sensation, cutting pains in the bladder. Increase
night urination, more than once per night, incontinence
urine.

Disruption of normal skin nutrition. The skin becomes thinner, loses
elasticity, become dry, wrinkled and flabby. Appear
age spots and small skin growths. Decreases
the amount of hair on the head, on the face increases hair growth.

Osteoporosis and functional disorders of the
of cardio-vascular system. Cardiovascular system reacts
on menopause, a gradual increase in blood pressure,
subjectively felt pain in the heart.

Postmenopausal osteoporosis – in the occurrence of osteoporosis
leading role is given to the deficiency of estradiol – a hormone from the group
estrogen. Imbalance occurs during menopause
процессов, обеспечивающих обновление костной tissue. Clinically this
manifested:

  • stoop;
  • reduced growth due to osteoporotic compression of bodies
    vertebrae;
  • frequent bone fractures from minor mechanical
    impact;
  • pain in the joints, sacrum, back pain during a long
    walking, when standing.

Treatment of menopause in women – medical help to women
climacteric period

For the treatment of menopause in women use medication
remedies, herbal medicine, physiotherapy and physical therapy. Before
how to start treatment with medications, recommend massage, diet and
hydro-procedures, if there is no noticeable effect, start
drug therapy, including hormone therapy and not
hormonal drugs (see the list of all drugs for
menopause).

Non-hormone therapy Non-hormonal treatment is performed in order to normalize the overall
conditions of the nervous system.

  • Emotional lability drugs: Belloid or
    bellamininal p 2-3 times a day, one dragee, for a long time.
  • Vitamins and ATP
    • B1 – 30 days for 1 ml / m
    • B6 – 30 days for 1 ml / m
    • E – 30 days 100 mg 2 times a day inside
    • ATP – 30 days for 1 ml / m

For disorders of the emotional sphere of neuroleptics:

  • tazepam 0.01 g up to 3 times a day
  • frenolone 2.5 mg up to 2 times a day
Hormonal treatment
  • Replacement therapy:
    • the use of “pure” estrogen – proginova, estraphem, premarin
      and others
    • combined cyclic therapy – divina, clemen
    • continuous treatment – kligogest
    • estrogen – androgen combination therapy – amboix,
      ginodian depot
  • Estrogen Receptor Modulators – prescribed, if present
    contraindications for hormone replacement drugs
    anti-estrogens.
  • Тканеселективный регулятор активности estrogen.
  • Phytoestragens and phytohormones (Estrovel, Klimadinon, Feminal,
    Femikaps, Chi-Klim, Red Brush, Inoklim, Tribestan, Menopeys,
    Bonisan, Klimalanin, Femivell, Remens, Ladys Formula Menopause,
    Climaxan, Ovariamin 9cm. detailed description in our article
    негормональные препараты при menopause).
  • Also there is a drug – Ovestin, it is natural and
    semi-synthetic estrogens (suppositories, vaginal cream,
    pills).
Other drugs These are the drugs of choice, which depend on the severity of the symptoms and
individual patient response.

  • Psychotropic stimulants for 2-4 months (nootropil,
    Aminalon)
  • Antidepressants (Lerivon, Tsipramil, Efevelon, Velaksin,
    Velafax)
  • Homeopathic remedies – menopause, climadinone,
    menopause.
Prevention of osteoporosis Very important drugs for the treatment of menopausal
Syndrome are agents for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

  • An effective combination is calcium 1–1.5 mg per day in
    combination with vitamin D, at a dose of 400 – 600 IU.
Physiotherapy It must be remembered that while taking calcium necessarily
physical activity is needed, otherwise the kidneys will suffer, in which
crystals will settle. Physiotherapy, состоящая из
specially designed exercises, helps for a long time
keep pelvic tissue in tonus, serve as prevention
prolapse of the genital organs, improves the patient’s general well-being.
Gymnastics for the prevention of genital prolapse (see symptoms
uterus prolapse)

  • Walking on the toes with retracting the anus.
  • Walk with the object sandwiched between the legs.
  • Lying on your back alternately lift straight legs.
  • The same position, raise the pelvis above the floor with the rear
    passage.
  • Sitting tilted bent legs at the knees.

Effective yoga classes, as well as gymnastics “Bodyflex”,
which allows to eliminate the omission of organs if already marked
initial signs, strengthens the muscles of the pelvis and abdominal wall, improves
blood circulation, increases overall tone.

Phytotherapy In the course of phytotherapy take broths and infusions by leading
symptom:

  • Have a calming effect: lemon balm, mint, motherwort,
    hawthorn, valerian, zamaniha high.
  • Hemostatic effect with minor
    dishormonal bleeding and heavy menstruation: water
    pepper, nettle, grass bag shepherd’s, yarrow, corn.
    barberry ordinary.
  • Toning: Ginseng, Schizandra Chinese, Echinacea.

All herbal remedies can be purchased at pharmacies, methods
preparations, dosages are indicated on the packages.

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