Cheilitis – what it is, photos, reasons, howto treat

Cheilitis (cheilitis; from the Greek. Choilos – lip) is a disease
characterized by inflammation of the lips. It
is quite common since lips are in nature
subject to external factors. This part of the face does not have
protective layer. Due to weather conditions, especially low
temperature, the skin is very dry, can crack and peel.
All this contributes to the development of inflammation.

The reasons


Хейлит на губах носит воспалительный характер, а
Various factors are capable of provoking it, including:

  • unstable climate with temperature changes
  • constant exposure to irritants (for example, the process
    food intake) along with weakened immunity
  • regular use of cosmetics, leading to clogged pores,
    peeling and the appearance of microcracks.

All of this, coupled with an infection, can trigger cheilitis,
causes of this disease are associated with impaired mucous membranes
and skin integuments. Through these microdamages can penetrate
infections, bacteria, as a result, inflammation begins

Cheilitis on the lips can be as an independent disease, so
and a more serious symptom. But in any case to his treatment
should be taken seriously as frequent damage to the epithelium of the lips
may trigger the development of tumor cells, including
malignant character.

At risk are:

  • people with hereditary predisposition;
  • people with chronic periodontal diseases, tartar,
  • men 20-60 years old (actinic cheilitis).

Is cheilitis contagious?

If the disease is a manifestation of the internal problems of the body,
then he is not contagious. But, it can be passed from person to person,
but only if the infection has become the cause of the disease.
Then you should avoid contact with the patient.

How does cheilitis look: photo

In the photo below, you can see the different forms of cheilitis on the lips of

аллергическая форма хейлита

On photo allergic form of cheilitis lips


Exfoliative form



Symptoms of cheilitis on the lips

The symptoms of cheilitis vary according to the specific
forms of the disease. Different symptoms appear to varying degrees.
Every person. Also the intensity of the symptoms
depends on the severity of the disease and the extent of damage to the epithelium of the lips.
Also with pathology such as cheilitis, the symptoms depend on
use of cosmetics, food ration, place of work
and labor regime.

Possible symptoms and signs:

  • the presence of swelling of the lips, cracks in them and in the corners;
  • swelling, dryness, peeling, and burning on the lips;
  • pronounced red border of the lips;
  • pus and plaque;
  • peels and bubbles on the lips.

In the table below, we consider the symptoms characteristic of each of the
forms of cheilitis.


Types and forms of the disease

There are two main types of cheilitis – independent and
symptomatic. The first type is developed separately, and the second
manifested as a result of concomitant postponed diseases. By
In the course of the disease, all cheilitis are divided into acute, subacute and
chronic types.

Формы хейлитов The reasons и симптомы
Exfoliative Byражает исключительно область классной каймы и характеризуется
enhanced peeling of the skin (see photo above). Main reasons –
disorders of the central nervous system, depression, nervous breakdowns, as well as violations in
работе щитовидной железы и ослабление иммунитета. Distinguish
Two types of exfoliative cheilitis: exudative and dry. Both forms
are chronic and are accompanied by itching, burning, and
defeat of the red border of the lips with the formation of scales.
Meteorological cheilitis It develops under the influence of sunlight, wind, low
temperatures and radioactive radiation. Most often they suffer
men from 20 to 60 years. Patients complain about:

  • sensation of itching and burning,
  • erosion and crusts
  • blisters and lip pain.
Glandular cheilitis In the development of glandular cheilitis,
hereditary anomaly of the small salivary glands. To provocative
factors include tartar, inflammatory diseases
periodontal, tooth decay and other diseases that contribute to
infection through the dilated openings of the salivary ducts
glands. Заболевание развивается преимущественно у лиц в
aged over 30 years. It is noted that the lower lip
affected twice as often as the top.
Atopic Is one of the manifestations of atopic dermatitis or
neurodermatitis. Important pathogenetic link of atopic cheilitis
is an allergic predisposition. With this allergen
can act medicinal substances, cosmetics,
products, microorganisms and their toxins. Симптомы: покраснение
lips, which is accompanied by itching and peeling of the red border of the lips,
characteristic is the defeat of the corners of the mouth. In the photo above, you can see
atopic form.
Eczematous form of cheilitis In the acute stage, flakes, soak, crusts and
vesicles on the red border. The lips are swollen and the patient suffers.
from burning, swelling, flushing and itching in the lips. Pathological process
prone to transition to the skin. At the transition to chronic
stage inflammation subsides, and the affected areas of the lips and
skin tightened.
Candida The main reason is reduced immunity, which can
to be caused by seasonal nature, postponed diseases,
wrong way of life. Candida хейлит начинается с
redness of the outer surface of the lips and the mucous membrane inside,
puffiness and a gray-white film appear. On the mucous
the shell is formed white cheesy plaque, which when cleansing
opens inflamed areas.
 Contact cheilitis Byражает губы, благодаря острой аллергической реакции на
external stimuli. Characteristic features of the disease
of this type are swelling, burning and bright red lips, small
blisters, cracks and erosion on the skin and mucous membranes.
 Hypovitaminosis It develops with a lack of vitamins of group B, especially B2.
Byявляется сухость и жжение губ, языка, слизистой рта. Mucous
reddened, edematous, vertical lips are formed on the red border of the lips
cracks and small flaking. Cracks are painful enough
and bleed.
Angular lipitis cheilitis Often occurs on the background of low immunity, hypovitaminosis
(especially the lack of a vitamin in the body of vitamin B2) or
the presence of HIV infection.
Abrasive Pre-Ca-Aceic Cheilitis Manganotti A characteristic feature is the formation on the lips of small
oval or round erosion without infiltration, which is very long
do not heal and often appear over a long period
of time.
 Macrochelite It is characterized by persistent edema or increased muscle
stroma. Patients are worried about lip itching, increasing its size,
sometimes the appearance of edema of other parts of the face. Patients celebrate
prolonged existence of edema, sometimes observed spontaneously
some improvement, but relapse occurs. When viewed skin in
the lip is glossy, its color is not changed

The most serious complications of any type of cheilitis are
их переход в chronic форму, постоянные рецидивы и образование
secondary immunodeficiency. Also do not forget about the risk
reincarnation of cheilitis in malignant formation.

With timely treatment to the doctor and adequate therapy prognosis
in the treatment of all forms of cheilitis favorable.

Cheilitis in children

Хейлит у ребенка

Cheilitis in children в большинстве случаев связан с нарушением
conditions when performing abnormal breathing. Byявление
cheilitis in children indicates a decrease in immunity,
insufficient amount of vitamin B2. Most kids with races,
prone to tonsillitis, rhinitis, bronchitis, sinusitis.

As a diagnostic, the doctor prescribes the child bacterial
seeding, it helps to identify the causative agent of infection, are also appointed
лабораторные анализы крови, мочи, кала на энтеробиоз и
research on dysbacteriosis. If you suspect internal
diseases, doctors prescribe additional studies.

Ointments, creams having
anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, wound healing and
immunostimulating action.


Cheilitis is diagnosed by a doctor based on communication with the patient and
external examination. To accurately determine the type of cheilitis
histological examination.

Cheilitis treatment

Как to treat заболевание? Depending on the type of cheilitis, it is treated
various doctors (and dentists, and allergists, and dermatovenerologists).
Set the correct form of cheilitis and distinguish it from others.
diseases will help the therapist – he will write out directions on
necessary analyzes.

The diagnosis is clarified on the basis of analyzes, therapy may include

  • vitamins (vitamins B2 and B6), taking mineral supplements;
  • local application of ointments in heylit – healing, with
    antibiotic, antifungal, antihistamine;
  • системное лечение – таблетки и инъекции;
  • physiotherapy (UV radiation, nystatin electrophoresis with
    candidiasis or with galascorbine for vitamin deficiency;
  • phonophoresis with the same preparations).

Основной принцип лечения хейлита в том, что to treat нужно причину
diseases, not “lips”. For example, in the “nervous” form, the doctor
recommends sedative medications, with glandular sometimes
remove hypertrophied salivary glands, and if the zadyd caused
fungus, you need to strengthen the immune system.

Терапия хейлита у взрослых отличается от лечения у детей.
A disease is diagnosed as an independent disease or
as one external sign of one of the ailments, for example, a violation

Как to treat хейлит на губах используя народные средства

It is possible to treat cheilitis on lips with folk methods only with
the consent of the attending doctor and after the diagnosis. At home
the following recipes are possible:

  1. Every day, when inflammation of the lips several times lubricate
    areas affected by inflammation, oily solution of vitamins E and
    A, melted beeswax, petrolatum, goose fat, oil
    avocado or rosehip, linseed, sea buckthorn and olive oil or
    same tea tree oil.
  2. Cheilitis is well treated in children. For this you need to cook
    next gathering: calendula flowers – 20 g, chamomile flowers – 20 g,
    birch leaves – 10 g, sorora fruits – 10 g, sage leaves – 15 g,
    succession – 5 Prepare the tincture, keeping the proportions (1:10), and
    take 1/3 cup several times a day after meals on
    throughout the month.
  3. Propolis. Apply daily to the lips for half an hour nutritious and
    moisturizing slurry made from propolis.
  4. Squeeze out some juice from kalanchoe leaves, celandine, buttercup,
    plantain and garlic. Mix the resulting juices and gently
    rub a folk remedy areas of inflammation on the lips.
  5. Calendula lotions are also effective in treating cheilitis. For
    to cook them, you will need 2 tablespoons of herbs or
    calendula leaves pour 500 ml of boiling water, boil for
    water bath for about 10 minutes, cool and strain well. Such
    Ready lotion can be applied to the lips every 20-30


For того чтобы избежать столкновения с этим неприятным
disease, patients at risk are recommended:

  • at least once every six months to be examined by a dentist and
    timely remove traumatic lip sharp teeth
    stone, destroyed dental crowns;
  • make prostheses only of high quality materials
    under the individual characteristics of the patient’s jaw apparatus;
  • give up harmful habits that destroy health;
  • do not stay long in the sun, use protective equipment
    including hygienic lipstick oil-based;
  • pay attention and start treatment of chronic gastrointestinal diseases,
    endocrine system, internal organs.

Cheilitis is an inflammatory disease of the lips, but its
there are so many varieties that one can understand the symptoms
forms manifested, impossible. The diagnosis can only make
an experienced specialist, and the sooner the treatment is prescribed, the
better for the patient.

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