Update: December 2018
Polyp of the cervix is a pathological growth of the mucous
sheath of the cervical canal, which is manifested by protrusion of outgrowth
in the lumen of the neck. These tumors can exist perfectly
asymptomatic, but usually accompanied by
pathologies such as cervical infertility, various disorders
menstrual cycle, sexually transmitted infections.
The causes of polyps are not clear, but many experts see
the relationship of hormonal disorders in women with an increase in neoplasms.
The development of polyps of the cervical canal can create serious
problems for women related to conception, preservation
pregnancy, and there is always a risk of rebirth
neoplasms in cancer, so timely diagnosis of this
The disease is very important. The treatment is to remove the polyps.
cervix different modern methods.
What is the danger of having a cervical polyp?
Cervical canal polyps are the so-called warts on
mucous membrane, which under favorable conditions can from
benign reborn into malignant. They can be
single and multiple, on a thin stalk or on a wide
basis. If there are a lot of polyps, this disease is called polyposis.
Since this is hyperplasia or benign neoplasm,
then serious general systemic actions on the female body she is not
has, symptoms may be absent or be mild,
unlike cancer, polyps do not metastasize to organs. Complications and
The danger of polyps is that they can malign or
grow to a large size, which can disrupt the function of the cervix
The malignancy of a polyp occurs according to the following scheme:
- Гиперплазия — полип, образуется при разрастании
tissue of the mucous membrane of the cervix, the cells quickly divide, but
division speed is controlled.
- Метаплазия — это замена дифференцированн
ых (то есть зрелых
and suitable for this particular tissue) cells by others
ыми клетками (такие клетки не типичны для
this tissue), the main species of tissue
- Cervical dysplasia – when pretumor cells are formed,
they are atypical and not like the others, because DNA occurs
mutations and in the event of provoking factors that reduce
immunity they become cancerous
- Oncology – the presence of cancer cells in the tumor (see signs of cancer
Causes and symptoms of polyps
All that leads to extra proliferation of epithelial cells
mucous, can give a start for the development of hyperplasia – this and
sexually transmitted diseases such as the HPV virus
human papillomas, syphilis, chlamydia in women, genital
herpes, gonorrhea, ureaplasmosis, and various surgical
interventions and injury to the cervix during abortions,
diagnostic curettage, trauma during childbirth, hysteroscopy and
installation of intrauterine device. Not unimportant role belongs
hormonal imbalance that a woman can have in any
age, even oral contraceptives can provoke
growth of tumors, and also often polyps occur in women in
premenopause period, when the first signs of menopause begin.
With a small polyp, the signs of the disease are almost
absent, but with a large neoplasm, when it begins
overlap the cervical canal or multiple polyposis
The following changes are possible: menstrual disorders,
increased amount of discharge from a woman (yellow discharge from
women), pulling pain in the abdomen and lower back, blood, brown
discharge in the middle of the cycle, after intercourse, protracted
brown discharge instead of menstruation, pain during sex, polyps
can cause infertility and cause painful periods,
promote the occurrence be the cause of the uterine
Special attention requires the presence of polyps during pregnancy,
since during this period the development of decidual
pseudopolyps that are composed of decidual tissue and after childbirth
most often self-destruct, disappear. However, sometimes with
pregnancy polyps bleed, sores can appear on them,
may be threatened by abortion in such cases
the question of their removal is being addressed. In any case, even if the polyps are not
will disappear after delivery, they should be removed.
Diagnosis and types of polyps
Most often, cervical polyps can be detected either at
routine examination by a doctor or when a patient visits a gynecologist
about another disease. When vaginal examination by a doctor
detects cervical thickening, its hypertrophy, education
bright red or whitish, sometimes they can also be
dark, almost purple, mushroom or round
Using colposcopy or cervicoscopy is possible to determine
structure of education, its type, see the presence of necrosis or
polyp inflammation. You should know that an accurate diagnosis is impossible
install yourself at home, only gynecologist
able to determine the true diagnosis, and choose the tactics of treatment
any pathology of the patient. Also after the detection of polyposis,
a woman should be subjected to an ultrasound scan to exclude the presence of endometrioid
polyps because cervical polyps are often found
в комплексе с полипами uterus.
What are cervical polyps? If they are soft to the touch – this
ferruterous, if dense, then fibrinous, there are also mixed
glandular fibrous. There are still pseudopolyps, epidermal,
angiomatous and most dangerous are adenomatous, which are prone
to rebirth in cancer.
How is cervical polyp removed?
It is important for every woman with diagnosed polyps to know that
their treatment is possible only by surgery. If a polyp occurs during
while the pregnancy is a decidual pseudopoly, then in this case
A wait-and-see tactic follows, since it is highly likely
inverse involution after childbirth. With rapidly increasing, large
polyps over 2 cm, if they are ulcerated, necessary
In all other cases, the detected cervical polyp is removed,
and removed tissues are subjected to histological examination for
confirmation or exclusion of oncology. Therefore, the treatment of polyps
cervix folk remedies any neoplasms risky
without checking for atypical polyps, that is, cancer cells.
It is known that all types of warts on the hands, plantar
warts, genital warts, and some polyps
caused by HPV, of which there are more than 100 types, therefore
It is very important to produce after removal of the cervix polyp
scraping with a biopsy of the material to establish the involvement
this virus to the development of a polyp. Of course, specific treatment
papillomavirus does not exist, but by determining the cause of polyp growth,
You can try to avoid his re-education, conduct
antiviral therapy, improve immunity, etc.
How are cervical polyps removed? The treatment is
operative removal of the neoplasm by unscrewing the polyp,
coagulation of the site of attachment of the polyp and histological examination
removed tissue. One catgut suture overlaps the wound
the surface and is scraping the cervical canal and
если показано, uterus. If necessary, polypectomy is performed with
using a hysteroscope that allows you to control the process and
visually assess the state of the cervical canal.
After this procedure, there are various options for further
The treatment of the polyp bed is:
- Liquid nitrogen cooling – cryodestruction when low
temperature destroys the cells of pathological tissues, breaks them
vital activity, while it is important to calculate the depth of processing that
depends on the speed of freezing.
- With a small polyp, the doctor may use to
cauterization bed drug Solkovagin. This drug
no side effects, but several procedures are required,
after such cauterization a crust forms on the cervix, which
rejects after a few days.
- Diathermocoagulation is a cauterization of the site of attachment of the polyp
high frequency electric current, this method is now almost
not used due to the large number of complications.
- Radio wave treatment is one of the most benign ways
after which the cervical tissue is quickly restored.
We should also consider a modern method – laser removal.
Removal of cervical polyps by laser
In the medical centers where the removal of cervical polyps is performed
laser diagnostics and treatment can be done in as little as 3
hours without unnecessary injury, without a hospital stay, without
disability. The most important thing is that this method does not leave
cicatrices as well:
- This is the most modern and effective method in which
there is a quick rehabilitation of the patient
- Blood loss is minimal when removed by laser.
- The removal is made under the control of the camcorder that
significantly improves the quality of the procedure
- The fabric surrounding a polyp is not injured, there are no hems
- Layering removal of pathological tissues occurs.
What after removing polyps?
In rare cases, as a complication of the removal,
thermal burns, cervical stenosis, which
formed by excessive cauterization of the place of attachment of the polyp. therefore
после удаления полипа шейки матки в течение 3
недель возможно ощущения различного рода дискомфорта —
lower abdominal pain, appearance of blood or more abundant mucous
discharge, therefore, in this period is highly undesirable
- Have sex
- You can not take a bath, go to the steam room, sauna, should
take a shower only
- It is impossible to douche after removal by any means.
- Do not use tampons, but only pads.
- Exclude heavy physical labor, sports, any physical
Sometimes with incomplete removal of tissues, a relapse is possible when
the place of the former polyp can again be found fresh
neoplasm. therefore очень важно определить возможную причину
growth of polyps in the female body and choose tactics
preventive treatment – antiviral, hormonal therapy,
anti-inflammatory as well as timely and properly treated
any inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs. AND
Remember, treatment with folk remedies is possible, but only
recommendations of your attending physician. In most cases, folk
methods are used only after surgical treatment as