Celery: the benefits and harm, beneficial propertiescomposition how to choose and store

Update: October 2018

Celery (Apium graveolens) is a popular vegetable
cold-resistant culture with a two-year cycle that grows and
on Russian territory. Belongs to the family of umbrella, coming
relatives – carrots, dill, cumin.

Celery is a diet food, consuming
all parts of the vegetable in fresh, frozen and dried form, as well as
fresh juice. The widespread use of celery in the diet
became active not so long ago.

To popularize the culture, which has about 20 species,
has had a positive effect on celery health,
rich composition, ability to lose weight and other useful
properties. In this article we will talk about the benefits and dangers of celery for
health

Celery Varieties

Sheet

The most popular type of early maturation. Characterized by
the lack of a developed root and fleshy petioles and the presence
powerful bundle of green shiny leaves that number to
400 on one plant.

Stalked

Type of vegetable with fleshy and juicy cuttings 2-4 cm thick.
Root is not formed. The cuttings can be green, pink,
red and white (the most valuable) coloring.

Root

Formed rounded gray-white root with a diameter of 10-20 cm.
There is a root system at the bottom of the root, and small ones at the top.
soft leaves. The pulp is dense, has a bittersweet taste.

Composition and calorie celery

100 g of celery root accounts for:

Main substances

Trace element composition

Vitamins

Calorie content

  • 7 grams of carbohydrates;
  • 1.3 g of proteins;
  • 0.3 g fat;
  • 1 g of fiber;
  • 82 grams of water;
  • 0.1 g of organic acids;
  • 1 gram of ash;
  • 0.058 g monounsaturated LCD;
  • 0.148 g polyunsaturated LCD
  • potassium 390 mg;
  • sodium 75 mg;
  • manganese 150 mcg;
  • calcium 60 mg;
  • phosphorus 27 mg;
  • magnesium 30 mg;
  • iron 0.5 mg;
  • Zinc 0.3 mg.
  • C 8 mg;
  • E 0.36 mg;
  • PP 1 mg;
  • B9 7 mcg;
  • B6 0.165 mg;
  • B1 0.05 mg;
  • B2 0.06 mg;
  • B3 0.7 mg;
  • B4 9 mg;
  • B5 0.352 mg;
  • K1 41 mbc;
  • lutein 1 mcg;
  • root 32 kcal;
  • leaves, stalks – 16 kcal.

The uniqueness and benefits of celery in the facts:

  • Two medium sized stems provide vitamins A and C
    20% of the daily rate;
  • The smell of the vegetable causes appetite;
  • Protein animal product, eaten with celery, digested
    faster and leaves no sense of heaviness due to
    enzymes;
  • A large proportion of coarse fibers muffles when ingested
    hunger;
  • Non-starch polysaccharides determine high
    anti-inflammatory properties;
  • A large number of phenolic antioxidants, not decaying
    with a 10-minute steam treatment, protect against microdamages on
    molecular and cellular level
  • Androsterone (male pheromone) allows you to use the plant in
    as a natural aphrodisiac;
  • Celery is a recipe for almost every French dish.
    the kitchen.

Useful properties of celery in diseases

The benefits of the vegetable is achieved with regular use in the diet,
but reasonably, not exceeding the recommended rate. Should
also understand that celery is a vegetable, not a medicine, and
serious pathology rely on his miraculous power and
recovery with its help, for obvious reasons, is not necessary:

  • Oncology prevention – like many vegetables and fruits, celery
    is an antioxidant (see what are antioxidants) that
    inhibit and prevent the development of oncological processes of any
    localization. This is due to the presence of phytocoumarins in celery,
    unsaturated hydrocarbon acetylene and phenolic acids.
  • Vasodilator action – due to the presence of phthalides,
    which act on the walls of blood vessels and thereby lower blood pressure. The
    the effect is realized at moderate heat treatment, not destroying
    phthalides, but reducing the amount of esters.
  • Anti-inflammatory, tonic and immunostimulating
    action – a large amount of essential acids, vitamin C, B, zinc
    cause this action.
  • Diuretic and anti-edema effects, which is determined
    lots of potassium.
  • Anti-salt effect – due to the content of organic
    celery acids help dissolve salt deposits around
    joints.
  • Increased potency – zinc in celery helps build
    sexual function.
  • Intestinal Cleansing – Fiber in the intestine acts by
    principle of the brush and displays all unnecessary body.
  • Recovery from bone fractures – calcium in celery
    involved in the regeneration of bone tissue.
  • Prevention of osteoporosis – calcium and other minerals
    embedded in the bones and strengthen their structure.
  • Electrolyte Balance Recovery – Rich Mineral
    the composition of the vegetable helps to restore the salt balance after
    exercise and labor, after diarrhea, vomiting (in late
    recovery period).

Celery helps with chronic fatigue, activates
internal body reserves, increases resistance to stress.
The mineral and vitamin composition of celery normalizes the condition
skin.

Harm celery

As such, celery cannot harm the body if him
use in moderation. Recommended rate – 150 grams of celery per day.
Not more!

  • Predominant share of all celery varieties on counters
    domestic stores and markets come to us in waggons because of
    (Asia, Israel, etc.), and for
    транспортировки и дальнейшhim нахождения на прилавках «без потерь»
    fresh, attractive presentation
    chemical compounds that are on the surface and penetrate
    inside.
  • Growing conditions, as well as the composition of the applied fertilizers and
    The growth stimulants of such vegetables are unknown to us.

In the presence of nitrates and pesticides, other chemicals
the harm will be obvious, and the benefits of such vegetables are questionable. To
reduce their number, you should soak the vegetable before use
in water for at least 30 minutes and drain the water.

The controversial components of celery

Some find them useful, but there are scientifically proven facts.
their adverse effects on the body:

  • A large number of essential oils. Provide a stimulating
    effect on the body, increase the intensity of immunity. Meanwhile
    causing excessive gas formation, essential oils can
    provoke an exacerbation of enterocolitis and colitis and other
    diseases of the digestive system.
  • The ether component contributes to the increase in arterial
    pressure, which is good hypotensive (see how to increase pressure) and
    unacceptable for hypertensive patients (see drugs to reduce
    pressure).
  • Celery at a dose of more than 80 grams per day contributes to movement and
    destruction of stones in urolithiasis. This can be a plus
    for patients with small stones (up to 0.5 cm in diameter) and sand,
    because they are able to leave the body on their own. With
    large stones their independent exit is impossible – they get stuck
    in the urinary tract, cause an attack of renal colic and often
    end with surgery.

Contraindications celery

Не существует катhimричных противопоказаний для употребления
этого овоща, единственное — есть him в огромных количествах каждый
day with some diseases. То есть в меру him можно
use in any pathologies. Just under the following conditions and
diseases should listen to the individual response of the body and
возможно ограничить him употребление:

  • Varicose disease, vasculitis – when consumed in large
    quantities vegetable contributes to the expansion of blood vessels and progression
    diseases;
  • The period of exacerbation of chronic pathologies, weakened organism,
    elderly body – stimulation of all body systems in the data
    cases impractical;
  • Epilepsy and convulsive readiness – a large number of essential
    oils can trigger an attack;
  • Exacerbations of gastrointestinal diseases (gastritis, colitis and enterocolitis,
    constipation) – celery increases flatulence and stimulates
    production of gastric juice;
  • Insomnia, neurosis – a vegetable has a stimulating effect on
    CNS;
  • Pregnancy – excessive flatulence can lead to tone
    uterus;
  • Uterine bleeding, heavy menstruation – a vegetable stimulates
    and tones the uterus, exacerbating bleeding.
  • Lactation period – milk gets an unpleasant taste,
    baby can refuse breast plus celery render
    overwhelming effect on milk production.

Activating effect and the ether component of the terrestrial part and
celery root is a contraindication for acute diseases
liver malaria, thyroid abnormalities, exacerbations
diseases of allergic nature, skin diseases.

Celery for weight loss

How does it work:

  • low in calories;
  • дает организму меньше калорий, чем тратится на him
    digestion;
  • removes excess fluid;
  • cleans the intestines.

Many diets promote a fast and very effective diet on
week, which will help lose 5-9 kg, on almost
monocomponent celery soup (see how to lose weight without harm to
health). But, given the harm from intake of large
celery quantities and risks of rapid weight loss, experiment
with such diets is not recommended.

The diet can not consist of one celery, but
рассматривать him элементом диетического питания — можно. Fresh
vegetable used in snack salads, cooked side dishes of celery
and even separate meals, not exceeding the daily rate
consumption. If there are no contraindications, you can take 2-3
tea l. juice of celery 10-15 minutes before meals 3 times a day.

How to eat celery with health benefits

Training

  • Thorough washing vegetables in running water.
  • Purification of the root of the skin, celery stalks can be
    peel off the top layer with a knife.
  • Soaking chopped celery for several hours in water,
    which should be changed 2-3 times and then pour. Main share
    harmful chemistry will leave the vegetable during such processing.
  • Blanching vegetables for 5-30 seconds before adding to
    dishes when used fresh.

Use

  • Celery Fresh Juice

It is characterized by rapid absorption and action. Do as
from leaves and cuttings, and from the root. Drink from the ground part
celery is considered lighter, and from the root – saturated, therefore
the latter can be half diluted with water. Withнимают сок в
natural form from 1 to 3 tsp. before meals, 10-15 minutes. Insofar as
вкус и напитка особый, можно разбавить him со свежим соком моркови
– related plants celery, as well as parsley juice,
apple, pear juice. Beet, Cabbage and Tomato Juices
do not use because such a mixture increases gas formation in
intestine.

  • Fresh

As an additive to a salad or dish, use root, leaves and
celery stalk – the benefits are the same for everyone. Taste of vegetable
specific, slightly spicy, with a characteristic smell, therefore
рекомендуем добавлять him в блюда порционно, а не для всей
families.

  • Dried

Dried herbs and celery root. This is especially true when
preparing for winter and for those who grow this healthy vegetable
без какой-либо химии или имеет возможность приобрести him у
reliable suppliers. Лучше всhim сушить овощ в специальной
the dryer: the greens are cut with a knife, and the root is rubbed on a grater, you can
for Korean carrot (in this form it dries faster) or with a knife
thin bars.

Dried vegetables are stored in opaque jars with lids and
add to dishes.

Celery Recipes

The best way to eat celery leaves and stalks
fresh as part of any salads, dressed with olive oil.
Any heat treatment, especially roasting in oil –
reduces the beneficial properties of celery.

Country salads

  • On a grater for Korean carrots rub 100 grams of celery root
    and 100 grams of fresh carrots, mixed and seasoned with olive
    oil Salt, sugar and spices – to taste.
  • Celery, apple (green), carrots, green onions, greens
    parsley, olive oil.
  • Celery, white cabbage, Bulgarian pepper, boiled
    potatoes, vegetable oil.

Celery Stalk Garnish

Scapes are cut into 10 cm bars, blanched in boiling water
about 30 seconds, placed on a baking sheet, watered on top of a mixture of
olive oil, salt and finely chopped garlic. Cook in
oven at T 180 With 10-15 minutes.

Celery puree soup

Celery root, onions and carrots are rubbed on a coarse grater and
fried on a small amount of oil (vegetable) several
minutes, then close the lid and stew 5 minutes. In the pot with
boiling water add vegetable mass and 2-3 small potatoes, salt
and spices, and let them boil for 15 minutes. After the soup is a bit
остынет, измельчают him блендером. If there is a lot of liquid, you can
Pour some of the broth before chopping to achieve the desired
consistency. Soup is served with fresh celery.

Squids with celery

Peeled root is cut into squares of 1.5 by 1.5 cm.
a deep pan with a thick bottom is poured olive oil,
fry 1 onion until light golden, add celery,
salt, black pepper and mix, while frying cubes.
Cover with a lid and leave on minimum heat for 15 minutes. In it
while the peeled squid is cut into thin ringlets. After expiration
15 minutes squid is placed on celery, without stirring, closed
cover and stew for another 5 minutes.

Celery Dessert

A couple of vegetable petioles are placed in a thick bottom frying pan and stewed with
small amount of water. Everybody watered just before readiness
scape 1 tsp honey and sprinkled with sesame seed, turn off the heat and
let stand under the hood for a couple of minutes.

How to choose and store celery

Fresh сельдерей выглядит свежо! Although sellers are cunning at tricks and
try to resuscitate dying vegetables by all means, eat clear
freshness characteristics:

  • The leaves have a rich green color, shine and elasticity. With
    crushing fingers felt juice and feel characteristic
    smell.
  • Scapes look poured, they are brittle, crunch when broken or
    cut with a knife. Look for bright green hard petioles (yellowish,
    brown, sluggish – this is not a fresh product). Do not purchase
    celery with a seed arrow that appears is an overgrown vegetable,
    it will be hard and bitter in taste.
  • The root must be firm, weighty, poured, have
    uniform color and texture, without dried areas and nodularity.
    With надавливании с разных сторон на корень палец не должен
    проваливаться inside.

Greens and petioles are washed in running water, dried and
wrapped in paper towel or foil. In this form, vegetables
can be stored in the refrigerator for a couple of days. To освежить вялый
stalked celery – cut the end of the stalk by half a centimeter, and
put in a glass of ice water, then put in the fridge on
couple of hours.

Salting greens is another way of harvesting when
chopped celery (0.5 kg) mixed with 100 g of salt,
placed in clean jars with lids and stored in the refrigerator.

Celery root is beautifully stored in the cellar, like everything
roots. If there are no such conditions, crude, but washed from
earth, sand and dried root can be wrapped in parchment and
Store in the refrigerator for several weeks.

Vegetables can be frozen in a fast low-temperature manner and
use within six months, and also dried in the dryer.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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