Causes of red spots on the body in childrenand adults

Update: December 2018

The appearance of red spots on the body is a cause for concern
your health. Despite то, что причиной их
occurrence can be a completely harmless factor (bite
insect or nettle burn), often they are a sign
any disease. This can be determined by the appearance of the rash,
the time of its occurrence and associated symptoms.

To get rid of it is required to eliminate the disease, which
led became the cause of this symptom. Therefore, when
the appearance of any rash is recommended to contact your
district doctor, and in case of severe condition of the patient – in the emergency room
rest stationary hospital.

Causes of red spots on the body

There are many reasons why
appear rash on the body. For convenience, they can be divided into
following groups:

Group of reasons Typical representatives Who occurs more often?
On pathological – red spots occur due to external
factor without disease
  • Bites of various insects;
  • Burns with hot objects / cold;
  • Contact with “stinging” plants (nettle, larkspur, buttercup and
    etc.).

In the summer, in people who were in the forest-park zones,
cottages, after a hike in the woods, etc.

Red spots occur immediately after exposure to a harmful factor.
therefore, the definition of the cause of labor is not.

Allergy
  • Allergic dermatitis;
  • Hives;
  • Eczema;
  • Drug rash.

Allergies can suffer each person – in the presence of
appropriate allergen (substance causing the development of
characteristic reactions).

It can be anything: dust, dandruff, paintwork.
materials, etc. It is important not to forget that allergies to drugs –
also very common.

Skin infections
  • Pyoderma;
  • Scalded skin syndrome;
  • Furunculosis;
  • Fungal infections (lichen, dermatophytosis);
  • Erysipelas.
These groups of diseases most often affect children under 10 years old and
immunocompromised adults (diabetics
first / second type, patients with renal failure,
drug addicts, people with physical / mental exhaustion, etc.)
Infectious diseases of the whole body
  • Chickenpox;
  • Rheumatism;
  • Measles;
  • Scarlet fever;
  • Rubella;
  • Infective endocarditis;
  • Hiv
Autoimmune diseases are a group of pathologies in which
The body’s immunity attacks its own cells. Rash occurs
due to damage to skin tissue and point hemorrhages
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Enteroviruses
  • Hemorrhagic vasculitis of Shenlein-Genoch
As a rule, autoimmune diseases are more likely to develop in
genetically predisposed people. The risk group consists of persons with
burdened heredity – in which relatives suffered
any autoimmune diseases (lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid
arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and others).

The most common cause of stains on the body is red
color is an allergy. As a rule, they are easy to identify.
– for this, it is necessary to identify the provoking factor (allergen) and find
characteristic signs of rash.

Red spots due to allergies

First of all it should be noted – allergies are not immediately
develops. If you first met your
allergen (specific industrial dust, determined by
medicine, pollen of some plant, etc.), it’s not
will affect your well-being. Contact launches in the body
chain of reactions that ends only in 10-14 days.
Since that time, you have an allergy.

After the indicated 1.5-2 weeks have passed, any close
allergen interaction may cause you pathological
reactions – including the appearance of spots on the body. Currently,
There are three known allergic diseases that are manifested by this.
symptom:

  • Hives;
  • Dermatitis atopic character;
  • Eczema.

Their manifestations are slightly different, but the red spots
allergies always have common features:

  1. Body spots appear after repeated contact with
    allergen;
  2. They are accompanied by itching, which is aggravated by contact with
    an allergen. If the patient is isolated from the irritating substance,
    itching somewhat subsides, but does not pass immediately;
  3. The absence of other symptoms – the general condition of the patient with
    allergic diseases should not suffer. Temperature stays in
    within normal limits, appetite is preserved, and there is no weakness;
  4. If the body is covered with red spots, and they are gone after
    adequate therapy (or independently), they will arise again when
    повторном взаимодействии с an allergen. That is why the main
    method of treating allergies – eliminate the irritating substance from life
    the patient.

To accurately identify allergic disease, you need to
pay close attention to the appearance of the rash and observe,
how much it is stored on the body. The listed signs will be
quite enough for a primary diagnosis.

Rash with urticaria

This form often leads to red spots on the body.
baby In adults, it is much less common. Distinctive
urticaria feature is its favorable course – how
As a rule, the disease begins quickly and passes quickly (during
1-2 days). Only in isolated cases, it takes a protracted
nature and can persist for months and even years.

In addition, the rash with urticaria has the following
features:

  • Rashes can be of various sizes and shapes, but
    large red spots similar to bites appear predominantly
    blackflies;
  • Despite то, что болезнь продолжается несколько суток, сыпь
    constantly changing its location. The spots disappear over
    several hours, however new elements appear again and
    again;
  • Rashes somewhat rise above the skin and intensely
    itching

Due to such characteristic signs, to determine this disease is not
is labor. Even without special therapy, urticaria passes
в течение несколько суток, если исключить контакт с an allergen.
However, this does not mean that it is worth neglecting a visit to a specialist.
– Have the doctor examine your skin and make a diagnosis. it
will eliminate the error and possible adverse
effects.

Red spots with atopic dermatitis

причины красных пятен на телеFor atopic dermatitis
characteristic is the appearance of red spots on the body that itch in
for a long time (up to several weeks or
months). As a rule, there are not many of them and they are formed only on
limited area (chest, neck, buttocks and
etc.).

The skin also undergoes changes that are somewhat
отличаются, в зависимости от возраста the patient. In children younger
10-13 years, the affected areas begin to “get wet”, because
the thinned walls of the vessel plasma leaks. Adult skin
patients are “bruised”, small cracks may appear, skin
the pattern is very clearly manifested by multidirectional lines.

There is another feature that allows you to distinguish
atopic dermatitis – when pressed on red spots they
become white. it явление возникает из-за неправильной работы
мелких сосудов skin.

Allergic Eczema

Determination of eczema is the most difficult because this allergic
the disease goes through several stages that differ significantly
on external manifestations. First, there are red spots on the body,
that itch for a long time. As a rule, when
eliminating contact with the allergen itch does not disappear. Through
certain time (from several days to 3-4 weeks) they begin
soak and slightly bloody. Last stage of formation
Eczema – the formation of scaly patches on the body and crusts.

How to distinguish eczema from other diseases? For primary
Diagnosis doctors use the following symptoms:

  • Spots on the body appear in symmetrical places on both sides
    (on the right and left shoulder, buttock, etc.);
  • Their appearance can be provoked not only by contact with
    an allergen, but also stress, overexertion, another acute illness
    (ARI, flu, intestinal infection and others);
  • Red spots disappear or diminish after soothing
    physiotherapy (massage, mineral bathing, acupuncture, etc.)
    and anti-anxiety drugs (anxiolytics);
  • Around the red spot is often disturbed sensitivity
    (increases / decreases). Normal touches can cause
    inadequate response – severe pain or lack of sensation. it
    associated with damage to the nerve endings.

It should be noted that even with the current level of medicine,
allergic eczema is poorly amenable to therapy. Therefore, in patients
repeated exacerbations of the disease or the constant presence of
rashes that itch, scaly or even hurt (with prolonged
the course of the disease and the formation of a dense crust).

How to identify the allergen

Since an allergic reaction can occur at any
It is quite difficult to detect and eliminate a substance. AT
First of all, you should analyze: when you went red
spots, has anything changed in your usual way, have you
new things or animals?

The next step is a laboratory examination – conducting
skin allergy tests. Their principle is quite simple – on
open area of ​​the skin drip solutions of the most “popular”
allergens: household and industrial dust, pollen, wool, dandruff and
etc. If the patient has one of these substances (or several)
reaction, in the form of redness, itching or small swelling – sample
considered positive.

As a rule, these actions are enough to identify the allergen.
If all tests are negative – doctors can increase
amount of substances to check. With the failure of diagnosis,
should determine – whether the rash occurred due to
allergies? To do this, study the amount of antibodies in the blood, which
responsible for the development of allergic reactions (IgE).

Treatment of red spots for allergies

In order to get rid of scaly spots on the body,
Avoid contact with the allergen and conduct adequate
therapy.

For the treatment of allergies listed, currently
time, apply several groups of drugs:

Group of drugs Operating principle Typical representatives
Receptor blockers histamine

Receptors for histamine can be conventionally called “receptors
allergies. ” They are responsible for the development of most
inflammatory reactions that occur under the action of
allergens.

By blocking them, you can reduce / stop the allergic
the reaction.

New generation:

Loratadine, Desloratadine.

First generation:

  • Suprastin;
  • Diphenhydramine;
  • Clemastine;
  • Chloropyramine.
Local hormones-glucocorticosteroids (GCS)

These are potent drugs that stop any
inflammatory reactions.

Since hormones are applied to the skin in the form of an ointment or cream, and not
taken orally, adverse reactions from corticosteroids occur extremely
seldom.

  • Triderm;
  • Beloderm;
  • Akriderm.
Silver preparations

Studies have shown that drugs based on
silver reduce the symptoms of allergic reactions due to
binding of microparticles of allergen on the skin.

Used in the form of a cream or ointment.

  • Argosulfan;
  • Sulfathiazole Silver;
  • Dermazin;
  • Sulfargin.
TIC preparations (topical calcineurin inhibitors)

These are modern highly effective drugs to combat
rashes and any other allergy symptoms. They work like
blockers of all inflammatory substances in a specific area
skin.

For the treatment of allergic diseases they are used exclusively in
ointment / cream form.

  • Elidel (Pimecrolimus);
  • Protopic (Tacrolimus).

The most expensive group of drugs – the average price per tube
varies from 700 rubles to 2,000 rubles (depending on the region and
supplier).

Emoliants

Современные средства гигиены для проблемной skin. Despite
that this group of drugs are not drugs, use
they are necessary.

Emoliants уменьшают сухость кожи, восстанавливают в ней
blood circulation and improve the condition of the epidermis.

EMOLIUM in the form of a cream, emulsion for the body or gel.

The combination of these drugs is selected for each patient.
individually by a doctor. As a rule, for the treatment of urticaria
enough short course of one of histamine blockers
(optimally – the new generation). With atopic dermatitis or
eczema can apply all groups of drugs, depending on
skin conditions and allergic reactions.

Other causes of red spots on the body

Already mentioned that allergies are the most frequent, but far
not the only cause of the rash. To its occurrence may
cite dozens of other factors that are described above. How do they
to distinguish from each other?

Other symptoms, including general
patient’s condition and condition of the affected skin:

  • Infectious diseases of the body – in these conditions often
    there are not only spots on the body, but also temperature, weakness,
    loss of appetite. Also join additional
    symptoms characteristic of a particular pathology (with endocarditis –
    pain in the heart, shortness of breath; rheumatism accompanied by articular
    pain, etc.);
  • Infections of the skin – in addition to rashes, for these diseases always
    появляются дополнительные изменения со стороны skin. Important to draw
    attention to the presence of pustules in the affected area, edema,
    increasing the local temperature (skin is hot to the touch), on
    the appearance of plaques or large horny scales;
  • Autoimmune Diseases – All of these pathologies suffer
    organism, but not due to infection. Therefore, signs of intoxication
    (повышения температуры выше 38оС, головной боли, потери
    appetite) in patients, as a rule, no. But you can note more
    specific symptoms (poor blood clotting; pain in the area
    heart, liver and other organs; urine change, etc.).

In the presence of a rash on the body, in combination with any of
the above symptoms, you should consult a doctor who
will inspect, prescribe the necessary diagnostics and adequate
treatment.

The appearance of a rash on the body is a very ambiguous symptom.
Red spots are caused by bites, allergies, rheumatism,
endocarditis and several dozen other causes. Figure it out and
cure is the task of the doctor, so do not hesitate to turn to
the hospital. There are cases when under the guise of harmless rashes
severe infection or autoimmune disease may be hiding.

FAQ

ATопрос: При крапивнице появились волдыри, у
which contents are mixed with blood. How dangerous it is and what
do?

In this case, we are talking about a special form of urticaria.
(hemorrhagic). It is necessary to put the attending doctor in
fame about such a course of the disease and follow its recommendations.
If the bubbles with the contents open – they must be processed
solution of 0,005% Chlorhexidine. This will help prevent development
local pustular complications.

ATопрос: Почему высыпания при экземе возникают
after stress or overexertion if it is allergic?

The fact is that eczema disrupts the work of nerve endings in
skin and blood vessels. Therefore, any significant effect on the nervous
the system can be caused by aggravation and rash.

ATопрос: Может ли повышаться температура из-за
skin infections (erythroderma)?

Да, но как правило не выше 38оС.

ATопрос: Что делать, если у маленького ребенка
did a rash appear on the trunk? Child is on the chest
feeding.

Seek medical attention immediately – call an ambulance or
visit the emergency room of any hospital (preferably –
pediatric). Do not be afraid of false treatment – the doctor in
in any case, they will examine the patient and carry out a primary diagnosis.
Should beware of specific childhood infections – measles, scarlet fever
or rubella.

ATопрос: У ребенка появились высыпания в виде колец
on the body? What can it be and how to treat?

This form of spots is very characteristic of rheumatism and
infective endocarditis. You should immediately consult a doctor
as delayed treatment increases the risk of developing defects
hearts.

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