Causes of noise in the head. Diagnosis of diseasespathological noise

Update: October 2018

Many people in life face such a problem as
мучительный сильный noise in the head. Whatever he was – ringing
deaf, sharp, buzzing, squeak, hum, crackle, rustle, ocean noise, howl
sirens are always a cause for human anxiety. Especially since
an unpleasant symptom greatly affects the quality of life, deprives
opportunities to work normally. And if there is a constant noise
in my head, the reasons may be the most serious.

Subjective noise in the head and ears, each patient feels
differently. Many say that they sometimes have
noises arise, other patients constantly feel outsiders
sounds, but they are heard only at night or in silence, and which are completely
they are not disturbed, if disturbed, very little. Noise happens
are listened to with both ears, only with one ear, or are heard throughout
head. For some people, working capacity and life are significantly
violated due to similar discomfort.

The main causes of noise in the head and ears

The reasons for the noise felt in the head, a lot, from the banal
fatigue, overwork to the most dangerous diseases, such as
for example, brain tumors. Identify the main causes leading to
unpleasant symptom, which we will discuss below, but should not
conduct self-diagnosis and set yourself a diagnosis – in
Only a doctor is competent in this. So, with the noise in the head, the reasons
similar discomfort can be the following pathological
states:

  • Disruption of the processes of perception, generation or transmission of nerve
    impulses in one or both auditory nerves. Similar noise
    characterized by monotony and causes hearing loss. Reasons
    such manifestations are head injuries, inflammatory processes
    ear and auditory nerve, altered cerebral blood flow.
  • Turbulent movement of the blood flow in a constricted vessel. This
    the noise is felt as pulsing, the intensity of the manifestation depends on
    blood pressure indicators. Causes of noise – pathological
    narrowing of the blood vessels of the brain, blockage of blood vessels
    atherosclerotic plaques.
  • Violations in the functioning of the vestibular apparatus,
    responsible for coordination and balance. Noise occurs on the background
    abrupt change of body position, when turning the head, bending.
  • The instability of the vertebrae of the cervical spine when
    the vertebral processes press on the blood vessels. Similar noise
    different persistence, a person gets used to it and can
    for a long period of time do not consult a doctor.
  • Hypoxia of the brain caused by cardiovascular insufficiency
    system, violation of cerebral circulation, bulk
    formations in the brain (benign and malignant
    tumors).
  • Individual increased susceptibility to hearing
    of the world. The basis of such noise are neurotic states and neuroses,
    overwork, stress, nervous tension.
  • Age-related regressive changes in the hearing aid and its
    innervation.
  • Intake of certain drugs for the treatment of various
    diseases in which the noise in the head, in the ears acts as
    side effect – antidepressants, cardiovascular drugs,
    anticancer drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
    drugs, antibiotics with ototoksichnym action, etc. Intoxication
    with long-term use or overdose with diuretics,
    хинином, salicylates.
  • On the influence of cell phones and electromagnetic radiation
    It has been said for a long time, many studies confirm that
    the use of mobile phones leads to headaches, noise in
    ears, hearing loss, affect human reproductive function,
    even guilty of brain tumors. See cell influence
    phone on human health.

Now in the world to refer to subjective noise in the head
A new term is gaining wide popularity – Tinnitus, this is not
just a symptom of any noise, ringing in the head or ears, and the whole
a complex of problems that captures a person – social,
mental, emotional.

About 5% of today’s population of the planet suffer from chronic
tinnitus, at first it appears as a normal faint, quiet noise,
tinnitus, then with time it increases, dominates, man
forced to pay more attention to it, concentrates on
him With increased noise, attention is increasing.
patient on his illness, the person is involved in this vicious
the circle is getting stronger.

Being a victim of tinnitus, people have experienced for decades
nervous tension, which leads to depression, insomnia,
irritability caused by constant noise
enjoy the silence, he has inadequate fears,
concentration is disturbed.

In addition to these reasons, many diseases accompany noise in
head:

  • osteochondrosis (see exercises for osteochondrosis)
  • osteosclerosis
  • chronic middle ear disease
  • kidney, heart, circulatory disease
  • avitaminosis, iodine deficiency
  • fracture of the temporal bone, cranial injury
  • benign brain tumor (acoustic neuroma)
  • Meniere’s disease (see Meniere’s Syndrome)
  • chronic and acute sensorineural hearing loss
  • stroke (first signs of stroke in women)
  • meningitis (first signs of meningitis in children and adults)
  • chronic inflammatory processes,
  • pathological work of the thyroid gland
  • diabetes and other metabolic diseases
  • antibiotic intoxication (toxic to the auditory nerve),
    anticancer drugs, quinine, diuretic,
    salicylates
  • age-related hearing loss
  • heart and circulatory diseases
  • kidney pathology
  • diseases of the central nervous system
  • schizophrenia
  • hypotension
  • vegetative dystonia
  • черепно-мозговая injury

From the above it is clear that the causes of noise in the head
represent various pathological conditions of the body.
To get rid of an unpleasant symptom, you should eliminate it.
cause, and to influence the noise itself does not make any sense.
Search for the causes of noise in the head and ears should start as
possible earlier and it should not only otorhinolaryngologist,
but also by other specialists: a neurologist, an osteopath, a cardiologist,
endocrinologist, psychotherapist.

Diagnosis of pathological noise

When the doctor hears the patient’s complaints about noise in the head or ears,
the first stage of diagnosis, he must exclude or confirm
the presence of organic lesions of brain regions and structures
hearing aid. After clarifying the history of the plan is formed
diagnostic activities. The bulk of the required
surveys:

  • General and narrow blood and urine tests

There may be high hemoglobin and red blood cells in the blood, indicating
an increase in blood viscosity which indicates a tendency to
thrombosis A decrease in red blood counts is characteristic of
anemia, which due to tissue hypoxia can provoke
noise in the head. High ESR – evidence of cancer or
bacterial process, including, in the ear, the brain. Changes
leukocyte counts may indicate infectious or
tumor processes. High blood sugar can talk about diabetes.
Which affects the vessels of various sizes, including cerebral.
Blood biochemistry gives an idea of ​​the atherosclerotic process in
organism (atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels), anemia, disorders
liver and kidney work, etc.

  • EEG – eliminates pockets of convulsive readiness, which can
    provoke noise in the head as an aura before
    epi-attacks.
  • ECHO – EG is an ultrasound scattering method for detecting
    pathological changes of the brain.
  • Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging
    (MRI) of the brain

These modern techniques can detect the slightest change.
in the structure of the brain and inner ear. But more so
they are prescribed to exclude possible tumor formation,
which may be less than a millimeter in the case of
location on the auditory nerve. This is by far the most
accurate methods for diagnosing the causes of noise in the head.

  • MRI of the cervical spine

This diagnostic technique allows you to identify changes in
the structure of the intervertebral discs and the vertebrae themselves.

  • Angiography of vessels

Angiography of vessels, снабжающих головной мозг и шейный отдел
spine. The technique makes it possible to detect pathological
vasoconstriction and atherosclerotic lesions of the walls of the vascular
channel.

  •  Audiogram whose recording allows you to determine the urgency
    hearing in both ears.
  • Auditory test. The technique allows you to determine the speed
    electrical impulses from the inner ear to the divisions
    brain.

In each case, the patient can be assigned
additional research. But, sometimes it is enough only
one or two diagnostic tests to set the exact
diagnosis. If the cause of the noise is not in the head, are examined
organs and systems whose pathological states may
provoke the occurrence of a similar symptom.

With the exception of chronic and acute pathologies, the patient
is sent to a psychotherapist because the reason is a noise in the head or
such conditions as depression, panic attacks,
obsessions, etc.

How to treat noise in the head?

When the noise in the head, the causes, the treatment is based on the results
conducted a thorough diagnosis. Of course, he can be assigned
only the doctor, and the patient’s task is to strictly follow this.
treatment.

If the cause of the noise is a heart disease that changes
blood flow, the doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment to restore and
support of the cardiovascular system (hypotensive, vascular
drugs, cardiac glycosides, etc.).

In cases of impaired hearing aid
innervation, prescribed a course of drug treatment in the complex
with magnetic therapy and acupuncture. When infection is internal
ear, causing noise in the head, the treatment involves
etiotropic antibiotic therapy.

If an oncological process is found in the brain or
structures of the inner ear depending on specific localization
and the extent of the lesion indicated, radiation therapy is indicated or
surgical removal of the tumor. Both directions are often used.
treatment at the same time.

With constant noise in the head, the cause is often
атеросклероз сосудов brain. About the reasons for the high
read blood cholesterol in our article. With atherosclerosis
long and complex treatment is required – statins, fibrates,
sequestra of bile acids, vitamin therapy (see. Tablets from
cholesterol – harm or benefit). Compliance plays a huge role
diet and the elimination of bad habits (see How to reduce cholesterol without
drugs).

How to treat noise in the head, if the cause is a problem of the cervical
of the spine? This is corrected by manual therapy,
electrophoresis, medical administration of vascular drugs,
regular implementation of a set of special exercises. Changes
in the structure of the cervical vertebrae can be eliminated quickly,
surgically. But in this case, risks from
surgical intervention and auspiciousness
the outcome.

If the basis of head noise are neuroses and other problems from
areas of neurology and psychotherapy, with such patients work
individually. Sometimes a fairly conservative treatment.
(psychotherapy, balneology, physiotherapy). If necessary
prescribed complex drug treatment (sedative,
antidepressants, tranquilizers, anxiolytics, etc.).

In the hypoxic state of the brain,
drugs to improve cerebral circulation. People senile
age, these drugs are prescribed for long, sometimes even
permanent reception.

Prevention of noise in the head

General prevention of noise in the head includes the following areas:
Шум в голове причины, лечение

  • Timely medical examination

Annual preventive medical examination in the amount
necessary for each specific age group. Best treatment
– this is prevention. And the diseases identified at the initial stage,
heal faster, more efficiently and cheaper.

  • Compliance with the rules of a healthy lifestyle

This includes a rational mode of work and rest, healthy
food, no bad habits. Excellent noise prevention in
head are regular walks in the fresh air. If
have to sit all day in a stuffy office – are required
periodic airing cabinets once per hour for 10
minutes

  • Regular intake of prescribed treatment in the presence of chronic
    pathologies

This is especially true for hypertensive patients. Very often patients
feeling well, they stop taking medicines that
in some cases, appointed for life admission. And then follows
hypertensive crisis, and maybe even a stroke. Assign or
only the attending physician is competent to discontinue the drug.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: