Causes of excessive sweating in men and women

Update: October 2018 Increased underarm sweating, face,
head, leg or generalized profuse sweating in medicine
is called hyperhidrosis. Sweating is natural
the process of cleansing the body, excretion of water secretion
exposure to physical factors such as overheating of the body during
elevated ambient temperatures with intense physical
loads, nervous tension, excitement. This physiological
the process as it saves the body from overheating, because
evaporation of sweat from the skin surface, cooling and
lowering body temperature. However, the reasons for the increased
sweating can be a lot of diseases, one of the symptoms
which is hyperhidrosis. Excessive perspiration can be
human physiological peculiarity and not represent a special
threats to health, only cause psychological discomfort and
ухудшать качество жизни как of womenы, так и мужчины. But since
There are no uniform evaluation criteria, there are no devices that determine
excessive sweating or normal, then and about the disease
hyperhidrosis should only be said if excessive
sweating greatly affects a person’s quality of life.

Independently determine excessive sweating if

  • Withходится прилагать массу усилий, чтобы бороться с
    the effects of excessive sweating – take a shower several times in
    day, change clothes, etc.
  • Withходится отказываться от определенных видов деятельности,
    training in gyms due to excessive sweating
  • Withходится находится на определенном расстоянии при контакте с
    colleagues, friends, you avoid communicating with
    feel insecure and worried
    excessive sweating

Types of hyperhidrosis

Гипергидроз подразделяют на локальный (местный,
limited), that is, when:

  • only the face and head sweat
  • sweat limbs – palms, feet, the most common
    localization is over armpits
  • palms, feet, forehead, armpits, both individually and
    at the same time

и генерализованный — когда потеет все тело,
at the same time и обильно, как правило, это происходит при
feverish conditions, infectious and other diseases. In that
If necessary, you should consult a doctor. Withчины повышенной потливости Also exists
classification into primary and secondary:

  • Primary – happens in puberty, in youth
    age at 1% of the population.
  • Вторичный —  является следствием целого ряда различных
    somatic, endocrine, neurological diseases.

Sweat is odorless, however, every person has
sweating there is a smell of varying intensity. Why sweat
gets smell? Unpleasant smell sweat give toxic
substances from which the body is relieved by sweat
glands, as well as bacteria that fall outside and decompose protein
components of sweat.

Increased sweating at night

If during sleep at normal room temperature,
appropriate bedding and a blanket, a person sweats,
wakes up wet, sweats head or back, chest, should
Be sure to determine the causes of sweating.

During sleep, the process of natural perspiration is reduced, so
how a person does not move, is not nervous, the body is calm, everything
processes are slow. Therefore, the occurrence of increased
perspiration at night serves as a signal to consult a doctor,
because it can be a symptom of a serious illness.

With повышенной потливости ночью, причинами могут быть следующие
diseases: ARVI, flu, pneumonia, vegetative-vascular dystonia,
tuberculosis, malignant tumors, lymphomas, Hodgkin’s disease,
leukemia, thyroid disorders, immune disorders,
stroke, diseases of the cardiovascular system, osteomyelitis,
systemic fungal infections, abscesses, hepatitis, AIDS, etc.

What can a doctor ask when referring to him?

To exclude or suspect serious pathological
conditions, the doctor may ask the patient the following:

  • Persistent or intermittent sweating,
    Does it increase with stress?
  • Sweating is limited to some areas (forehead, head,
    palms, feet, armpits) or is it general?
  • Does anyone else in the family suffer from such discomfort?
  • TOогда чаще происходит потоотделение ночью или днем?
  • You feel hot when others do not experience this or
    even freezing?
  • Are you experiencing fatigue, weakness, tremor,
    poor coordination, fainting?
  • Does increased sweating affect your work, social,
    personal life?
  • Has there been a decrease in weight and appetite?
  • TOакие лекарственные препараты вы принимаете — от болей,
    hypertension, glaucoma, etc.?
  • Do you have a cough, fever, increase
    lymph nodes?

Causes of local excessive sweating

Local hyperhidrosis is often familial in nature.

  • Taste hyperhidrosis – excessive sweating associated with
    food intake

This type of localized hyperhidrosis appears after
of use Eating certain foods such as hot
tea, coffee, chocolate, other hot drinks, as well as spicy dishes,
seasonings, sauces. This causes excessive sweating of the face, and
it is localized sweating more often on the upper lip and on the forehead.
The cause may be a condition that occurs after severe
viral or bacterial infectious diseases of the salivary glands or
surgical interventions on the salivary glands.

  • Idiopathic hyperhidrosis

Increased sweating associated with over-stimulation or initial
high tone parasympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system
system. The most common manifestations of idiopathic hyperhidrosis man
begins to feel in 15-30 years. Increased sweating appears
both in all specified areas at once, and in combination, more often
altogether it is palmar and plantar. This type of disease is often
runs independently. It is believed that women are most exposed
excessive sweating due to persistent hormonal
changes – puberty, pregnancy and childbirth,

Men who play sports or sweat profusely in
the gym 3 times a week, you should additionally take
magnesium preparations. Research scientists have shown that bodybuilders
due to regular increased perspiration during exercise
lower the level of magnesium to a critical value at which
there is a breakdown, a heartbeat failure – heart arrhythmia.
Therefore, men with increased sweating when playing sports
Daily diet should be diversified with foods containing


Causes of generalized sweating

Most experts are convinced that in 80% of cases the causes
increased perspiration is hereditary disposition. TO
pathological conditions that are familial in nature and
manifest hyperhidrosis, include:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyrotoxicosis
  • Hypertension

Hyperhidrosis may be a sign of somatic diseases,
neuropsychic, to be a consequence of neglecting the rules of personal
hygiene or medication. After infectious
diseases with antibiotic treatment may develop
intestinal dysbiosis, which is also accompanied by excessive
sweating (see 11 rules for how to take

  • Infectious diseases, poisoning

Most acute and chronic viral diseases or
bacterial origin, poisoning (food poisoning or
toxic substances) – cause an increase in body temperature and
as a result of intoxication, chills, hyperhidrosis. Such diseases
like malaria, brucellosis, septicemia accompanied by abundant
sweating. For pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis
diseases high body temperature is not characteristic, most often
patients have subfebrile temperature of 37.2-37.5, and elevated
sweating at night.

  • Endocrine disorders

Such diseases как тиреотоксикоз, сахарный диабет,
hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), in addition to the main
Symptoms are also manifested by generalized excessive sweating.
Increased sweating in women is often observed in the period
during premenopause, many women suffer from
from climacteric syndrome, accompanied by hot flushes
and sweating (see how to get rid of hot flashes when
menopause). Generalized hyperhidrosis is experienced by 60% of patients with
dysfunction of the pituitary gland – acromegaly. With
pheochromocytoma, excessive sweating combined with hypertension
sometimes the only signs of a disease.

  • Oncological diseases

Any malignant tumors may be accompanied by weakness and
sweating. Lymphomas, Hodgkin’s disease are accompanied
a feverish state alternating with a decrease in temperature
body, increased fatigue and generalized excessive
perspiration in the evening and at night (see lymphogranulomatosis:
symptoms, treatment).

  • Kidney disease

With заболеваниях почек происходит нарушение процесса образования
and natural urine filtration, so the body strives
get rid of excess fluid through sweat glands.

  • Vegetative dystonia

Very often with an IRR, the patient suffers from excessive sweating, in
including at night (see symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia).

  • Withем некоторых лекарственных препаратов

Withем инсулина, анальгетиков (морфин, промедол), аспирина,
пилокарпина, бетанекола, противорвотных средств –  при
overdose or prolonged use cause increased

  • Central nervous system lesions

Neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease
stroke, spinal troughs, nerve tissue damage during
neurosyphilis, can also be causes of hyperhidrosis.

  • Psychosomatic disorders

Against the background of stress, nervous overload, depression, fear, anger,
furious triggers mechanisms leading to hyperactivity
sympathetic nervous system that is also accompanied

  • Reaction to pain syndrome

With возникновении резкой intense pain many people like
they say, covered with cold sweat. Therefore, during strong
pain, spasms, chemical irritation, stretching internal
organs may be increased sweating.

Treatment of excessive sweating

If hyperhidrosis is an independent disease, not
a sign of the above serious diseases, then to mitigate
of its manifestations, today, modern medicine offers
a lot of different methods and methods of treatment:

  • Using antiperspirants – the best of them Odaban
    (effective up to 10 days), Drydry (1 bottle is enough for half a year),
    Maxim (the bottle lasts almost a year)
  • Drug therapy – drugs based on
    алкалоидов красавки  (Беллатаминал, Белласпон, Беллоид),
    belladonna reduces sweat gland secretion and helps
    in the fight against hyperhidrosis without causing addiction. For local
    treatments use formagel, formidron
  • Soothing drugs such as motherwort, Valerian,
    belladonna, as well as hypnosis sessions, meditation, yoga,
    positive positive attitudes that affirmations
    speak daily – it helps to calm the nervous
    system, more comfortable with stressful situations
  • Physiotherapy procedures – coniferous salt baths,
    iontophoresis, medicinal electrophoresis, electrosleep, etc.
  • Laser – with increased sweating of the armpits today doctors
    use a laser that destroys 70% of the sweat glands.
  • Botox Injection, Dysport – the effect of this method is to
    prolonged blocking of the nerve endings of the sweat glands, which
    reduces sweating.

Procedures such as Botex and laser are extreme measures that
should only be used in special cases. These methods today
actively advertised and recommended, but have a number of
contraindications and may have long-term effects.
Sweating is a natural process of cleansing the body,
detoxification, which interfere with
ways may not be safe and have remote negative
health effects.


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