Causes of dry skin of the body, face, elbows, legs.What to do, how to moisturize and nourish the skin

Update: October 2018

Dry skin gives a lot of problems to its owners. how
As a rule, it’s not just a dry thing. Parallel
other symptoms are present: dullness, irritation, itching,
peeling, stinging. Dry skin is more exposed
natural and domestic factors, rather aging and stronger

The objective sensations of dry skin owners are also far from
enjoyable. Irritation is caused by clothing in contact with skin and
touch, and the very appearance of the skin, resembling a desert
earth, depresses mood.

The problem should not be ignored, since it is not only
aesthetically ugly but often a sign of some

Why does the skin need water?

Moisture provides elasticity and firmness of the skin, as well as
nutrition of cells. The degree of moisture is determined by the state of the horny
skin layer and the amount of sebum that is responsible for
moisture exchange between the dermis and the environment. Moderate horny layer
and fat create a lipid film on the skin that does not give moisture
leave the skin and aggressive environmental factors
inside the skin.

Unformed protective lipid film due to
external or internal factors leading to excessive evaporation
влаги, а значит — сухости skin. Parallel worsens
microcirculation and trophism, collagen fibers are affected.
The skin becomes not only dry, but also flabby.

Causes of dry skin

Dry skin occurs due to a decrease in skin production.
fat in the presence of provoking factors. Sometimes ineffective
salivation is a hereditary characteristic

  • If a problem is found in young people, most likely
    that this is a genetic feature.
  • In mature people, this condition occurs on the background
    certain external and internal causes. Hormonal changes
    lead to a decrease in the activity of the sebaceous glands, which immediately
    отражается на состоянии skin. Lack of proper care aggravates
    the problem.

It should be understood that in cases where dry skin is caused
internal causes (diseases or conditions of the body)
no external effects – creams, baths and other procedures,
aimed at moisturizing and nourishing the skin do not lead to the desired
effect. And only the treatment of the underlying disease can improve.
состояние skin.

Internal causes

External causes

  • Skin diseases: keratosis, dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema,
    allergy, fungal infection
  • Hormonal disruptions (hypothyroidism, diabetes, menopause,
  • Dehydration, which is a consequence of insufficient
    drinking regime, digestive disorders, hyperthermia, diarrhea, vomiting
    and etc.
  • Metabolic disease
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Diseases of the central nervous system
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Natural Aging
  • Hypovitaminosis, especially A and E
  • Long-term treatment with antibiotics and some other
  • Lack of nutrient intake, debilitating
  • Coffee and strong tea
  • Bad habits (smoking, alcohol)
  • Frequent stress
  • Dry climate
  • Long exposure to the sun
  • Dry air
  • Frost
  • Hot or cold water
  • Exposure to household or industrial chemicals
  • Improper care: frequent use of alkaline soap,
    alcohol lotions, household chemicals, aggressive
    cosmetics, frequent peels.
  • Работа на земле and etc. без защитных перчаток
  • Work in conditions of elevated temperatures (hot shops)

Dry skin may be general or affect
некоторые участки тела (лицо, руки, ноги and etc.). Localization
dryness can directly or indirectly speak of its causes.

Manifestations of dry skin

There is a simple home test to help determine if
whether dry skin: press on the skin with your fingers to leave traces –
if they do not disappear for a long time, the problem of dryness exists.

Other signs:

  • Tightness In case of accidental or deliberate tension such
    skin appears visible cracks on the stratum corneum;
  • Itching. Dryness and itching of the skin accompany each other, and one
    the phenomenon aggravates another;
  • Imperceptible, erased pores, as if slightly powdered;
  • Irritation, redness;
  • Peeling of the skin down to significant when the skin is literally
    littered with scales. It becomes most noticeable after washing the skin and
    its subsequent drying.
  • With a complication of infection that has penetrated microcracks: areas
    inflammation with swelling.

Treatment of dry skin and peeling

It should be understood that find out the cause, and then assign
treatment must be qualified by a specialist – a dermatologist. If a
innocuous dry skin can be managed without medical
help in case of diseases of the cream and other means will be
just useless.

If a сухость кожи протекает с осложнениями в виде раздражения и
microcracks, basic therapy should include ointment with dexpanthenol.
Only after relieving irritation can move on to cosmetic
preparations and creams. Alcohol containing should be excluded.
cosmetics, aggressive peels, masks, films. It is impossible
actively wipe the skin with a towel after washing.

Dry hands

In most cases, the cause of this phenomenon is
external factors. If besides dryness there are also cracks on
fingers, this may indicate hypovitaminosis, allergic
contact dermatitis, fungal lesions, etc. (see the causes of cracks
on hands). When weeping cracks between the fingers should contact
to the doctor – most likely, this is eczema.

General recommendations

  • Protect hands with rubber or cotton gloves when
    working with aggressive compounds or on the ground, washing dishes.
  • Protect hands with warm gloves or mittens in the winter
  • To use PH-neutral means for washing of hands and a body.
  • Use sunscreen while tanning
    the sun.
  • Normalize the diet, be sure to include vegetable
    and animal oils on the menu.

Recipes of traditional medicine

  • Potato mask. Peeled and boiled potatoes
    knead, add a spoonful of warm milk. Warm
    apply a mask on the skin of the hands 2-3 r a day for 4-5 days in a row.
    Withstand cooling.
  • Mask of olive oil with lemon juice. The basis is taken
    hand cream (1 tsp), added 1 tsp. oil and half tsp
    lemon juice. Apply before bedtime, wear gloves on top of
    tissue. Repeat weekly.
  • Honey-glycerin compress. Mix 1 tsp. glycerol,
    liquid honey, flour and water and apply the mixture on your hands, over the top
    fabric gloves. It is recommended to do a couple of times a day every day,
    hold for 20 min.
  • Sour cream. About 200 ml of sour cream with a fat content of 20%
    mixed with egg yolk and lemon juice. Clean gauze is soaked.
    in this mixture and put to the hands, wrapped over the top with cling film
    and a towel. After 20 min, the residues are washed off and cloth worn.
    gloves on hand. It is better to do a few days before bedtime
  • Oil bath. Heat any vegetable oil to
    warm condition and immerse the brush in it for 20 minutes. Spend
    twice a week.

Wound healing, nourishing and softening creams:

 крем Лекарь
  • Astroderm

healing cream based on D-panthenol, Vinylinum, allatoin,
vitamin E and extracts of yarrow and calendula. Quickly
restores the protective function of the skin, heals cracks and
regenerates the skin. Price about 85 rubles.

  • Aloe healer

Healing and eliminating dryness cream. Aloe extract
restores skin, accelerates regeneration, prevents cracks and
softens the skin.  110 rub.

  • Velvet handles For very dry skin

Eliminates irritation, dryness and flaking.  Ingredients: oil
cocoa, D-panthenol, allatoin, glycerin and olive oil. 75 rub.

  • Cream recovery hands Belita

Soothes, regenerates and softens the skin thanks to
linden-colored and sea-buckthorn extracts, sea-buckthorn and germ oil
пшеницы, глицерину, витамину Е. Price about 85 rubles.

  • Vitex Oil Cream

Eliminates dryness and flaking. Ingredients: calendula extracts,
chamomile, burdock, apricot kernel oil and shea butter. 90 rub.

Crack treatment

  • Ointment from honey and turpentine. In a metal saucepan mix 10 g
    turpentine and honey, add vodka 30 ml and beeswax 15 g.
    Put on the fire, stirring constantly, until the mixture becomes
    homogeneous. Cool and refrigerate. Ointment applied
    directly on the crack and sealed with a bactericidal plaster on
    7-8 hours
  • Calendula ointment. About 100 ml of dried flowers of the plant
    grind into powder and mix with 200 ml of melted pork
    fat Bring to homogeneity in a water bath, cool.
    It is applied similarly.
  • Plantain ointment. Grind dry grass to powder and add
    9 parts of vaseline and 3 drops of vegetable oil. Applied

For more information about the treatment of cracks in the hands, read our

Dry elbows

Often occurs as a result of mechanical stress (working
posture with an emphasis on the elbows) or hobbies baths. Dry elbows может
to be a symptom:

  • hypothyroidism
  • iron deficiency anemia
  • diabetes
  • autoimmune diseases
  • skin diseases.

Recipes of traditional medicine:

  • Honey and coffee scrub. In the coffee grounds from freshly brewed
    drink add honey, mix and gently massage the resulting
    Scrub steamed skin of elbows. Wash off with water and lubricate abundantly.
    vegetable oil.
  • Compress of sunflower oil and sour cream – mix the ingredients
    equally soaked in a mixture of clean gauze put it on
    elbow wrapped with warm cloth for 20 min.
  • Milk bath. Heat fresh milk and dip into it.
    both elbows for 20 min.

Wound healing, nourishing and emollient

  • SOS concentrated cream for very dry skin of the hands, elbows from Evelyn
    – has an intense effect on hardened, overdried
    skin helps to retain moisture in the skin thanks to the active
    complex: goat milk proteins, wheat germ oil,
    vitamins A, F, E, H, proelastin. Price about 70 rubles.
  • Мазь Радевит устраняет шелушение,
    nourishes and softens the skin, actively restores
    skin covering. Vitamins D2, A, E, glycerin, vaseline
    oil and other components. The price is about 370 rubles.

Dry skin

Very often, this feature of the skin is inherited.
Due to the fact that the face is an open part of the body, external factors such
like wind, sun, etc., provoke dry skin. Age
skin changes and sebaceous glands malfunction also aggravate
the situation.

A number of pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system and endocrine system are among
symptoms and dry skin of the face. Hypovitaminosis E and A is negative
affects the skin of the face.

General recommendations

  • To minimize the harmful effects of environmental factors:
    wearing wide-brimmed hats in the summer, warm wide scarves in the winter.
  • Use sunscreen from march to
    September. In winter, use the cream from the special “winter” series,
    protecting the skin from wind and frost: ZIMA from Faberlic,
    Winter care from Biokon, Winter from Floresan.
  • Wash only with neutral means, exclude lumpy
  • Regularly nourish the skin with creams intended for dry skin

Recipes of traditional medicine

  • Fruit and berry mask. Ground melon, plum and jojoba oil
    mixed in the same amount and applied to the face to a quarter
    hours Wash off with warm water. Repeat as necessary.
  • Egg and oil mask. Whisk 1 egg yolk mixed with 1 tsp.
    oil (any vegetable) and gently add to the mixture 1 tsp.
    pharmacy chamomile extract. Apply the mixture for 15 minutes, then
    wash off.
  • Oatmeal mask 3 tbsp. boiled milk oatmeal
    смешать с 3 tbsp. olive oil, apply on face a dense layer of 15
    min First wash with warm, then cool water.

Nourishing and emollient cream

  • Extra nutrition cream 24 HOURS for the face Nanosomes from Belita

– provides long-term hydration and nutrition thanks to
coenzyme, sesame seed oil, apricot and wheat germ,
nanosomes and lanolin; returns skin elasticity. Price about 170

  • LOCOBASE lipocrine for dry and very dry skin

cosmetic with very high lipid content.
Forms a fatty layer on the skin and protects it from drying out
clogging the pores and without the effect of visible oily shine. In active
composed of liquid paraffin, macrogol and cetostearyl ether. Price about
650 rub.

  • Night Cream Pure Line Intensive Nutritious

contains wheat germ and aloe oil and has an intense
emollient and nourishing action. Thanks aloe eliminates
irritation and smooths wrinkles. Price about 65 rub.

Dry skin

Severe dry skin is rarely caused by external factors.
more often is the result of any disease. Seasonal dryness
Body skin is often associated with excessive sunburn.
Persons who regularly visit baths and saunas are also at risk.
dry skin of the body.

General recommendations

  • Establish drinking regime.
  • Enrich the diet with dairy products, vegetable oils,
    fish, nuts.
  • To nourish and moisturize the skin with special creams after taking
    water treatments.
  • Use sunscreen during tanning.

Recipes of traditional medicine

  • L. Peeling of sea salt, honey and olive oil – 4 tbsp. honey
    take 1 tbsp. the remaining ingredients. The mixture is lightly massaged.
    cleaned skin, then take a shower.
  • Bath of chamomile and flax seed. In 1 liter of water, boil 5 tsp.
    flaxseed, separately in 1 liter of water, boil 2 tbsp. dry chamomile
    – кипятить на медленном огне 10 min Strain both decoctions and
    добавить в ванну, которую необходимо принимать 15 min
  • Milk and honey bath. In 1 liter of warm milk dissolve 200 gr
    honey и 1 ч.л. oils (olive, almond) – enter the mixture in
    ванну, которую принимать 15 min
  • Olive mask. Massage thoroughly while taking a shower.
    body with heated olive oil, then wash off the remnants of warm

Nourishing and emollient cream

  • Cream oil Intensive for Dove, for very dry skin

Provides intensive hydration of the skin due to the complex
oils and cream-oil special formula. Price about 250 rub.

  • Johnson’s baby oil

Promotes moisture retention in the skin, creating a special protective
layer on the skin. Hypoallergenic. Price about 130 rub.

  • Nivea SOS-Intensive Body Cream

Regenerating cream with panthenol, oils of grapefruit, lime,
camellia, almond. Eliminates dryness and tightness while preserving
effect 48h. Price about 270 rub.

Dry heels and feet

It can be provoked by the wearing of uncomfortable shoes, frequent
barefoot walking, lack of hygienic foot care.
Hypovitinosis, diseases of the endocrine system, fungal infections
lead to dry feet. Dry skin of the feet in the absence of
treatment leads to the formation of foci of roughness and cracks, which
may be complicated by bacterial infection (see treatment of cracks in

General recommendations

  • Wear comfortable and proportionate quality shoes.
  • Once a week, carefully remove the horny layer of skin with
    natural pumice or scrubs.
  • Regularly use foot cream.
  • Make contrast foot baths that improve nutrition
  • Do not walk barefoot on gravel, sand.

Recipes of traditional medicine

  • Mask of apples. Grate a green apple,
    put mash on cheesecloth and, in this form, apply to the feet, wearing
    over socks. Leave overnight, and in the morning, rinse and apply.
  • Mask with castor oil. In warm oil soak gauze,
    Attach it to your feet and put on your socks. Leave overnight in the morning
    blot the remaining oil with a napkin.
  • Oil baths. Heat the vegetable oil, pour in
    wide flat dishes and lower your feet there. Hold for 20 minutes
    after which try to rub the remaining oil in the skin. Superfluous
    fat content clean wet wipes.

Nourishing and emollient cream

  • Foot Cream BALLET

Contains extracts of wormwood, oak, horse chestnut. Effectively
softens and protects against dryness, heals small wounds, stimulates
circulation. Price about 35 rub.

  • Cream Instant Effect

Reduces peeling and irritation of the skin, effectively nourishes the skin
thanks to vitamins A, E, D and B5, Shostakovsky balsam and
extracts of eucalyptus, Hypericum and sage. Price about 90 rub.

  • Foot cream with extracts of calendula and celandine Belita

In active составе крема провитамин В5, масло мяты и экстракты
medicinal plants. Reduces dryness and heals microcracks.
Price about 40 rub.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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