Calendula: medicinal properties and contraindicationsointment, decoction, tea, tincture

Update: October 2018

Calendula officinalis is a type of herbaceous annual
Plants from the Aster family. The more famous name is marigold.
Many people grow this crop in areas with decorative
goal, not knowing about the rich healing properties of the plant.
Cultivation of marigolds is simple – the plant is unpretentious either to the soil or
to the conditions of growth.

Plant height is 70 cm. Flowering falls on
July-August, the flowers are yellow-orange. Flowers and flowers
baskets are of medicinal value.

Calendula has pronounced healing properties, but like any
medicinal plant has a number of contraindications.

The chemical composition and therapeutic properties of calendula

Calendula flowers contain: Elevated part of the plant:
  • Carotenoids about 3% – in the flowers there are up to 15 types of them,
    including lutein;
  • Flavonoids 0.3% (lycopene, rubixanthin, carotene, violaxanthin,
    flavoxanthin, citraxanthin, flavochrome);
  • Polyphenols;
  • Polysaccharides;
  • Resins;
  • Mucus;
  • Organic acids (ascorbic, malic,
    salicylic);
  • Essential oil 0.02%;
  • Vitamin C;
  • Minerals Ca, Mg, K.
  • Calenden;
  • Triterpene saponin;
  • Faradiol;
  • Triterpenediol arnidiol;
  • Sterols.
Seeds:
  • Fatty oil;
  • Alkaloids.
Roots:
  • Inulin;
  • Triterpene glycosides.

Calendula preparations

  • have a calming effect on the central nervous system;
  • reduce the severity of reflex excitability;
  • reduce blood pressure;
  • improve heart function by increasing the amplitude of the heart
    cuts and slowing their speed;
  • have a bactericidal effect on a number of dangerous
    microorganisms, including streptococci and staphylococci;
  • active against herpes virus and influenza type A;
  • have wound healing and anti-inflammatory
    properties;
  • relieve smooth muscle spasms;
  • increase the intensity of immunity;
  • protect the body from cancer cell degeneration,
    linking free radicals.

Drugs and calendula recipes are applied when
treatment:

  • various dermatitis, acne, non-healing wounds and
    burns;
  • gastritis, peptic ulcer disease;
  • diseases of the biliary tract and liver;
  • heart disease, proceeding with a rhythm disturbance;
  • high blood pressure;
  • climacteric problems;
  • bowel disorders;
  • proctitis, paraproctitis and hemorrhoids;
  • inflammation of the bladder;
  • gynecological inflammatory processes, neck erosion
    uterus;
  • dental pathology, including bleeding gums and
    inflammation;
  • angina and tonsillitis.

Contraindications Calendula

Plant preparations can not be applied to people suffering
cardiovascular failure and hypotension as well
pregnant and lactating women. Cannot use calendula when
individual intolerance. Be wary of using
patients with asthma, pollinosis and a tendency to
allergies.

Do not use calendula inside while taking
synthetic and herbal sedatives and
antidepressants. If necessary, auto control and complex
mechanisms to take calendula preparations orally
recommended.

Side effects

  • External use of calendula rarely leads to undesirable
    effects, among which are possible allergic reactions in the form of a rash,
    itching.
  • With internal reception possible – nausea, bitterness in the mouth,
    heaviness in the gastrointestinal tract, drowsiness and decreased
    performance.

Collection and preparation of medicinal raw materials

Ideal condition for collecting inflorescences – first to second day
after they are bloomed. Flower baskets are cut off or
cut together with part of the peduncle up to 3 cm. Fresh raw materials are required
cleaned of stalk and organic impurities.

During the summer period, you can collect calendula several times,
since the flowers bloom unevenly (after about 3-4
day), and cutting the peduncle leads to the growth of new stems with
flowers, flowering is extended until frost. If you do not cut
inflorescences, the yield of calendula falls, the seeds wither and decrease
intensity of flowering.

Drying of the collected raw materials is carried out in dryers at T not more than
45 ° C for 4 hours. Can also be dried naturally in
shaded areas. Raw material is considered ready, if under pressure
the inflorescence does not occur their separation. Inflorescence shelf life
is 2 years.

Calendula Pharmaceuticals

Calendula is produced in the form of dry raw materials, and is also used
as a component of some vegetable fees. Cosmetic cream
skin care products often contain calendula extract. Most
Popular plant dosage forms:

  • Tincture of calendula

This alcohol infusion of flower baskets and flowers is 70%
alcohol. When ingested has a choleretic effect.

  • Calendula Ointment

In the composition of the drug – 20 grams of calendula tincture and 90 grams of emulsion
(water and petroleum jelly). For external use with cuts, cracks
skin, nipples, burns, eczema.

  • Phyto tea Marigold flowers

When ingested has a healing effect on ulcers
lesions of the digestive tract.

  • Candles rectal

Homeopathic medicine – treatment of endocervicitis, colpitis,
endometritis, salpingoophoritis and hemorrhoids.

Traditional marigold recipes

Infusion or decoction of calendula

It is used to treat the liver, spleen, gallbladder.
Effective with spasmodic gastrointestinal pain and menstrual pain,
stones in the bladder, proctitis, hemorrhoids. Helps to get rid
for cough, rhinitis, tonsillitis and lower blood pressure.
Promotes healing of inflammations, fistulas. Eliminates
anxiety and insomnia. Strengthens hair roots.

Cooking: 2 tbsp. dry inflorescences are placed in thick-walled
pan and pour 200 ml of hot boiled water, close
cover and incubated in a water bath for about 15 minutes, after which
leave to cool for 45 minutes Ready infusion filter, squeeze
raw materials and bring the volume of liquid to 200 ml by adding chilled
boiled water. Allowed to store 2 days in the refrigerator.

Application:

  • inside – 2 tbsp. 2-3 times a day in the form of heat before meals. AT
    In case of painful menstruation, they begin to take the infusion for 1-2 before
    menses;
  • in the form of enemas – 1 tsp. a quarter cup of water;
  • in gynecology – a sterile swab is infused with infusion and injected
    in the vagina at night;
  • outwardly – rub problem areas, use for rinsing
    throat and hair rinsing;
  • in equal dilution with 3% boric acid solution is injected into
    fistula channel.

Butter

It has a disinfectant, bactericidal and anti-inflammatory.
action. Very effective in various skin diseases –
ulcers, cuts, frostbite, burns. Apply to
everyday skin care of any type, protecting it from the sun in
summer period and frost in winter.

  • Preparation: Fresh inflorescences are placed in a glass dish,
    that they fill ¾ of its volume, pour vegetable oil to
    edge of the container and close the lid. Capacity put in a dark place on
    10 days, periodically shaking the contents. After
    it will take 10 days, the oil is filtered and placed in the refrigerator.
  • External use: for sunburn: a few drops
    oils applied to damaged skin after a little drop
    redness; for treating skin folds of babies: gently rubbed
    in dry skin after bathing; skin diseases, bruises, cracks
    nipples: oiling problem areas 2-3 times a day.
  • ATнутреннее применение: при гастритах, язвах, патологии печени,
    colitis, neurasthenia, menopause – 1 st.l. twice a day to
    food.

Oil extract

It has active anti-inflammatory and antibacterial.
properties. Used for irrigation of the nasal cavity in chronic
rhinitis, pharynx with tonsillitis.

  • Preparation: Dry flowers 50 g pour 150 ml of 70% alcohol,
    Insist 2 days, filter several times through 5 layers of gauze,
    injected olive oil in a ratio of 7 parts to 1 part of the infusion and
    boil on the lowest fire for 7 hours. Cool and store in
    the fridge.
  • Application: для орошения глотки 3 мл на 1 процедуры для
    treatment of the nasal cavity 1.5 ml for 1 procedure Course – 2 weeks 1
    procedure per day.

Ointment

Possesses bactericidal, reparative and anti-inflammatory.
properties. Helps to cure difficult heal wounds, cracks,
fungal and bacterial infections of the skin, reduce severity
varicose veins. Effective in the treatment of any dermatitis, including
allergic. Men can use ointment to relieve irritation.
after shaving, and women – for hand and face skin care, and protection
from the harmful effects of the sun, frost, detergents, etc. Can
use ointment and baby skin care.

  • Preparation: 100 g dry inflorescences crushed to the state
    powder and mix it with 200 grams of rendered lard, after which
    put the mixture in a water bath, stirring and holding until
    homogeneous state. After cooling, the mixture is poured into a jar and put
    in the fridge.
  • Application: нанести небольшое количество мази на проблемный
    skin area and lightly rub (2-3 times a day).

The juice

It has a whitening effect and discolours freckles,
dark spots. Helps to accelerate the healing of herpetic
rash or prevent them from early treatment.

  • Preparation: chop fresh buds and squeeze out of them
    the juice.
  • Application: смазывать проблемные области точечными движениями
    2-3 times a day.

Alcohol tincture

  • It has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and
    противовирусным action.
  • Preparation: About 250 g dry inflorescences pour 100 ml
    vodka and insist in a dark place for 2 weeks.
  • Application: для полоскания горла, орошения гнойных ран, плохо
    healing skin lesions, including burns, eczema 1 part tincture
    diluted with 9 parts of cooled boiling water and used 2-3 times a
    day.

Calendula Flowers Tea

AT профилактических целях рекомендуют принимать чай календулы:
3-4 dry inflorescences pour a glass of boiling water and take it as tea.
Especially useful during periods of possible exacerbations of chronic
патологии и в сезон ОРATИ.

Interesting facts about calendula

  • Calendula is edible. It has a bitter tart taste and
    used in many countries as a spice and dough additive,
    and inflorescences are salted for later addition to soups and
    salads;
  • The smell of calendula can not stand many garden and fruit
    pests, so a flowerbed with a plant near the planting will save the crop
    from insects;
  • AT Индии и Китае растение особо почитаемо и применяется в
    various rituals;
  • European Catholics associate the plant with innocence, considering
    her flower maiden mary;
  • Long-term viewing of bright plant flowers improves
    mood, and all thanks to their bright color!

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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