Calcium norm in the blood analysis of women independing on age

Content:

  • Calcium. Why is it needed in the body?
  • Benefit and harm of calcium for women
  • The rate of calcium in the blood of women (table)
  • How to pass a test for calcium in the blood?
  • Preparation for the study
  • Abnormal calcium
  • Video
  • How to normalize calcium in the blood?
  • Diet to increase calcium
  • Drug treatment

The rate of calcium in the blood of women is different for each
age In some periods of life the need for it increases.
However, excess macro is no less dangerous than its deficiency.
The Ca content is monitored using a blood test.

Calcium. Why is it needed in the body?

Calcium as an element was isolated in English in 1808
chemist davy. After began to actively explore its properties,
including in medicine. Calcium – the most important macro element
necessary to maintain a multitude of vital functions
organism. Its mass is 1.5-2% of the weight of the human body.
Almost 98% of the element is found in bone and teeth, the remaining 2%
present in nerve fibers, muscles, blood.

Ca ions take part in the regulation of almost all activities.
organs and systems. In the blood, calcium is contained in the active and
inactive forms. The active form is ionized calcium,
which is 50%, the remaining 50% are inactive
calcium lactate, phosphate, carbonate.


The importance of an element for a person:

  • Ensuring the strength of bones, teeth, nails.
  • Maintain normal cardiovascular function,
    nervous systems.
  • Providing contractility of the muscles.
  • Participation in the process of blood coagulation.
  • Participation in iron metabolism.
  • Normalization of endocrine function.
  • Maintaining the strength of vascular walls.

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Benefit and harm of calcium for women

Calcium benefits are difficult to challenge. She is in
following:

  • Preventing osteoporosis. This is especially important for women after
    menopause when estrogen production decreases and bones become
    brittle.
  • Reducing symptoms of PMS. Doctors have proven the connection between
    lack of Ca and negative manifestations of premenstrual
    syndrome
  • Prevention of pre-eclampsia in pregnant women. Calcium deficiency
    promotes pressure and kidney dysfunction. it
    leads to premature birth, the birth of a dead child.
  • Reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Sa helps
    heart muscle normally shrink.
  • Normalization of weight. Calcium regulates parathyroid production
    lipid synthesis hormone. That is, Sa normalizes
    metabolism.

Nutrient negative effects:

  • Calcium prevents the absorption of iron and zinc.
  • Excessive use of the element, especially from dietary supplements,
    provokes constipation.
  • With an excess of calcium increases the risk of urolithiasis, cancer
    prostate

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The rate of calcium in the blood of women (table)

The norms of calcium in the blood are determined by doctors for each age
categories. In children, the need for macronutrient is 30% higher than that of
adults. Women need more Ca than men. Consumption
calcium increases during puberty, during pregnancy.
According to medical research, only 14% of people get
the required amount of calcium from food, the rest are deficient
this item.

Ca is absorbed in the duodenum and small intestine.
If a moderate amount of a substance enters the body, then
absorption occurs through the receptors of the small intestine, with
the large influx of Ca with food in the process includes intercellular
mechanisms, most of it is absorbed by the duodenum.

The rate of calcium in the blood of women is shown in the table:

Age Content in mmol / l
Up to 1 month 1.9-2.55
1 month – 2 years 2.25-2.29
2 years – 14 years 2.18-2.75
14 years and older 2.2-2.6
Pregnant 2.2-2.7

Every day a person should eat 1000 mg of calcium from food,
adolescents and pregnant women, this figure rises to 1300 mg. Teenagers
it is important to get the rate due to the intensive growth of the skeleton,
consumption of macronutrient is increased due to consumption
calcium fetus.


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How to pass a test for calcium in the blood?

How to determine the content of macronutrient in the blood? To measure
Calcium level is performed by biochemical analysis of blood. For completeness
the pictures examine the contents of ionized and total Ca.

Indications for analysis:

  • Preparing for surgery or the period after
    operations.
  • Recovery of the body after injuries, burns.
  • Hemodialysis.
  • Diagnosis of malignant tumors.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Gastric and duodenal ulcer.
  • Muscle weakness, convulsions.
  • Signs of osteoporosis.
  • Heart rhythm disorders.
  • Poor dental condition.
  • Bone pains
  • Suspicion of kidney stones.
  • Hyperthyroidism.
  • Increase the volume of urine.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Reduced blood clotting.
  • Signs of hyper- or hypocalcemia.

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Preparation for the study

Blood sampling is carried out from a vein in the morning. In several days
You should stop taking drugs containing calcium, so as not to
distort the results. If the patient has undergone such procedures like
Rectroscopy, X-ray, X-ray, then analysis is needed
set aside for a week as these studies change the biochemical
blood composition.


Before testing it is necessary:

  • Do not eat or drink for 10 hours.
  • Do not smoke, do not take alcohol the day before the study.
  • Abandon physical and emotional stress for 2-3 days before
    blood sampling.

Article in topic: Is it possible to drink water before taking a blood test?

The analysis results are affected by the following
substances:

  • Vitamins A and D.
  • Diuretics.
  • Lithium.
  • Hormones androgens.

The following drugs lower Ca content:

  • Penicillins.
  • Tetracyclines.
  • Insulin.
  • Anti-TB drugs (Isoniazid).
  • Glucose.
  • Pritivodibetics (Glucagon).
  • Anticonvulsant drugs (carbamazepine).
  • Hormone estrogen.

If a patient uses the above medications, he should
report this to the doctor.

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Abnormal calcium

Substantial Ca deficiency causes
гипоtoальциемию. Such a diagnosis is made if
calcium is significantly reduced (less than 2.1 mmol / l.). Hypocalcemia
happens primary (hereditary) and secondary (provoked
external factors).


Low calcium content is indicative of
following pathologies:

  • Chronic liver, renal failure.
  • Vitamin D. deficiency
  • The lack of albumin (protein) in liver cirrhosis, nephrotic
    syndrome.
  • Use of cytostatics (drugs that prevent the growth
    cells).
  • Hypoparathyroidism (decreased function of the parathyroid gland).
  • Acute pancreatitis, pancreatonecrosis.
  • Long-term adherence to the diet, which involves the rejection of dairy
    products.

Hypocalcemia выражается следующими
signs of:

  • Weakness, drowsiness.
  • Heart rhythm disorder.
  • Deterioration of teeth, nails, hair, skin, corners
    lips
  • Dry mouth.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Mood impairment, depression.
  • Muscle cramps.
  • Numbness of fingers
  • Reduced blood clotting.
  • Frequent colds.
  • Increased sensitivity to low temperatures.


In young children, hypocalcemia develops due to
недостатtoа витамина Д. it приводит to рахиту. Such a child lags behind
in development, his legs are crooked, late cut through
teeth.

Increased calcium (hypercalcemia)
indicates such states as:

  • Carcinoma.
  • Malignant blood diseases.
  • Adrenal insufficiency.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • An overdose of vitamin D.
  • Taking large doses of calcium-containing drugs.

Symptoms of excess calcium in the body:

  • Constipation.
  • Nausea, vomiting.
  • Palpitations.
  • Darkening in the eyes.
  • Bad appetite.

Calcium is not a highly toxic substance, its overdose
not capable of death (in medical practice is not
not a single death was recorded). However, the danger
hypercalcemia is that it leads to serious
diseases:

  • Urolithiasis disease.
  • Calcification of blood vessels, heart valves.
  • Cataract.
  • Hypertension.
  • Gout.

Also, hypercalcemia increases blood density,
acidity of gastric juice increases, the muscular tone decreases,
nervous excitability decreases, magnesium is hard excreted,
iron, zinc.

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Video










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How to normalize calcium in the blood?

Нормализовать уровень маtoроэлемента можно при помощи питания и
медиtoаментозными средствами. The choice of means depends on
established cause of violation.

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Diet to increase calcium

To increase the content of Ca
use:

  • Молочные продуtoты.
  • Lean meat
  • Vegetable oil.
  • Chicken eggs.

Статья в тему:В toаtoих продуtoтах больше всего содержится toальция и
why is it needed?

Всасыванию Sa helps лаtoтоза, поэтому у пациентов с лаtoтазной
недостаточностью наблюдается дефицит this item. Неtoоторые
продуtoты способствуют вымыванию toальция из организма или
interfere with its absorption. Particularly dangerous
Palm oil. В toишечниtoе пальмитиновая toислота связывает Са,
forming insoluble compounds. These compounds are derived from
toишечниtoа вместе с toаловыми массами.


При гипоtoальциемии следует отtoазаться от:

  • Сладtoих газированных напитtoов.
  • Sausage products.
  • Smoked meat, fish.
  • Овсяной toаши.
  • Кондитерсtoих изделий.
  • Fried food.
  • Черного toофе.

Таtoже to минимуму сводится употребление соли и сахара,
алtoоголя.

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