- A bit about the nature of cough
- Why is coughing dangerous for pregnant women?
- Herbal Expectorant Ingredients Prohibited of pregnancy
- Pregnant Safe Expectorants
- How to help expectant mother with the first manifestations of cough
For the future mother, both the disease itself and the drugs for her. What to do if a painful cough keeps you awake, irritates the throat, makes you nervous and tense? At pregnancy, the choice of expectorants depends on the term. In the first trimester, any medications are prohibited. The exception is neglected cases that threaten the life of the mother or a child. In the last months of pregnancy, the choice of drugs limited, they can be used only as directed by a doctor. Some alternative methods using medicinal herbs can also harm a pregnant woman. It’s most sensible to grab a cough in the very beginning and not let it develop.
A bit about the nature of cough
A cough is a signal that There were some problems with the respiratory system. When a person coughs, dust and smoke particles, bacteria come out with the air, sputum. In this way, the body cleans the airways. There are two types of cough:
- dry occurs at the onset of colds, maybe reaction to external stimuli (smoke, soot, fumes, allergies) or arises as a result of an inflammatory process in the throat and larynx, proceeds without sputum production, but with the formation of mucus, which accumulates in the bronchi;
- wet is characterized by a large amount of sputum, in which dangerous bacteria accumulate.
With poor abduction of sputum (inability to cough), she become more viscous. The thicker the mucus, the harder it is get rid of. In this case, expectorants are needed, they thin the sputum, helping the body remove it.
With a dry cough, medications are prescribed that affect the cough center in the brain, reducing reflexes. If cough is caused mechanical or chemical stimuli, then this option allow the mucosa to calm down and restore its functions.
Important! With a wet cough, you can not take drugs that suppress cough reflex. This will lead to stagnation of sputum and aggravate. patient status.
During pregnancy, colds and flu are quite common. phenomenon. Immunity of a future mother does not always cope with double load. Mucus congestion with a dry cough can lead to very serious diseases (pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma), if not on time take action. It’s much easier to treat dry cough during pregnancy and safer, do not waste time, consult a doctor at first symptoms of the disease.
Why is coughing dangerous for pregnant women?
During coughing attacks, the expectant mother feels the tension of the abdominal walls, which is transmitted to the uterus. Protracted attacks increase the tone of the uterus, there is a risk:
- miscarriage (in the early stages);
- preterm birth (last trimester);
- placental abruption (with a dry lingering cough);
- increase in blood pressure (risk of gestosis);
- disorders in the total blood flow of the mother and child, as a result of which possible oxygen starvation of the fetus and nutritional deficiency substances.
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To prevent these dangers, a pregnant woman will need:
- expectorants (if the cough is wet);
- inhalations, herbal lozenges, medicines, suppressing cough reflex (with dry cough).
Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish one type of cough from another, and treat they need to be different. At the first sign of illness, consult doctor, so as not to harm yourself and the child. Running cough is harder heal, and he can do a lot of troubles.
Herbal Expectorant Ingredients Prohibited of pregnancy
Most cough formulations contain herbal Components. It would seem that bad in medicinal herbs? TO Unfortunately, the action of many familiar plants is quite difficult to study in laboratory conditions (and do not do it closely). The chemical composition of plants varies depending on the region, climate, terrain, even weather and collection time.
Important! Even proven over the centuries folk recipes with medicinal herbs can be dangerous for mother and baby. Never Do not use herbal remedies without consulting your doctor.
During pregnancy, expectorant drugs are prohibited with the following herbs and plants:
- pine buds;
- liquorice root.
These plants contain alkaloids, the effect of which is not yet too well studied. But even based on available information a disappointing conclusion can be made: alkaloids are toxic effect on the pregnant woman and the fetus, disrupt the liver and heart, increase blood pressure. In the worst case possible spontaneous miscarriage.
Pregnant Safe Expectorants
Of the plant components, the safest is lime. color (if there is no heart disease) and orange peel in small doses. Do not forget about warming and softening drinks: warm milk with honey and tea with lemon. They soothe irritated mucous membranes and prevent the accumulation of sputum.
In pharmacies (not on the market!) You can find expectorant herbal fees, but pregnant should carefully study the list included them plants.
Important! Prescribe any expectorant, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, is entitled exclusively to the doctor on the basis of inspection results and laboratory tests.
In the second and third trimesters pregnancy as an expectorant can be used mucolytic drugs. These are drugs that break the bonds. between sputum molecules. In other words, they thin the mucus, but not increase its volume.
Mucolytics are indicated for serious diseases:
- acute or chronic bronchitis;
- bronchial asthma;
- cystic fibrosis.
Mucolytic Drug Advantage – Impact directly to inflammation, that is, they do not relieve symptoms, but treat the cause of coughing.
From the entire list of mucolytics, the safest option is Bromhexine. It can be used in the second and third trimester, but in early pregnancy, the future mother should not drink any medicines.
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The popular expectorant drug Mukaltin is not recommended for pregnancy. It includes the marshmallow root, and recent studies have shown that this plant has an abortive effect. In severe cases, only on the recommendation and under the supervision of a doctor, the following expectorant may be prescribed:
- Dr. Tice;
Important! The action of expectorant syrups Bronchicum and Herbion on pregnant almost unexplored. They can be dangerous. fetus.
How to help expectant mother with the first manifestations of cough
Such ways to soften the throat, in which medicines do not enter the blood:
- eucalyptus or mint candies (low in content) Sahara).
One of the most effective and safe ways – inhalation. Make them better with special devices (they are on sale). Some of them have water Heats up automatically, in other hot water flood. But it’s still more convenient and safer than using teapot or pot with boiling water. With such a “grandmother’s” method is great risk of burning hands, face, or nasopharynx.
In water for inhalation add:
- decoctions and infusions of medicinal herbs (chamomile, calendula);
- special means Rotokan, Novoimanin;
- fresh juice of onions and garlic;
- tincture or eucalyptus leaves.
Even plain mineral water (Borjomi) is suitable for softening mucous membrane and relieving coughing fits.
Low sugar or no sugar candy pills do not contain many herbal extracts to harm the baby when it enters the bloodstream with the mother. The secret of candy work is not in herbal supplements, but rather in enhancing the production of saliva. Once in the throat and larynx, saliva further moisturizes mucous membranes, preventing coughing attacks. But unfortunately, in heavy and neglected cases, such methods will not help.
Most of the usual medicines are not suitable for expectant mothers. Even completely harmless, at first glance, tablets, potions or herbal decoctions may contain a hidden threat. As known, disease is better to prevent than to cure. In pregnancy, it should become the main rule. Colds and viruses are not scary when healthy immunity. Take care of nutrition, lifestyle, take care of your nerves. But if you still get sick, do not waste time on self-medication, see a doctor.