Update: October 2018
According to all allergists – a true allergy to poplar
down does not exist. In the period of lush flowering of poplar, the down which
very clearly visible, which as the snow floods the streets of cities, on
in fact, these are female inflorescences, which are not found
Дело в том, что пух является активным переносчиком пыльцы,
dust and spores of other plants, trees – oak, alder, birch,
hazel, and thousands more different herbs and flowers that bloom
simultaneously with the poplars, and in turn are the strongest
allergens for 25% – 30% of the population of large cities. Yes, poplar
fluff is really everywhere, it spreads everywhere like
the street, and in rooms, apartments, offices. Have people experiencing
heightened sensitivity to flowering spring plants,
the real torment begins – pollinosis. This is a sore throat,
allergic rhinitis, allergic cough, itching in the eyes, nose,
around the mouth, sneezing, increased tearing or allergic
conjunctivitis. How to treat allergies to pollen, plant spores like
reduce its manifestation?
Where to go in the spring from the poplars – what can be done without
- Create a comfortable environment at home or at work
In the spring, after a long winter, of course, everyone tends more often.
air the rooms, open balconies, windows, letting in a huge
the number of allergens in the apartment. To reduce their impact on
the body can be used in apartments and offices air purifiers
with HEPA filters, they are quite expensive, but according to many reviews
allergy sufferers, significantly reduce allergic manifestations.
It greatly increases the symptoms of allergies dry air, so in
windy dry weather should reduce your stay outside
in the rooms use humidifiers, which today
abound on the home appliance market. With artificial
moisturizing dry spring air, pollen settles on objects,
the floors are much faster than with dry air, which clears it of
allergens. For this reason, you should also wash floors as often as possible.
indoors during flowering allegorical plants for you.
- Water, shower, washing
Doctors recommend during the flowering of trees, coming home with
take a shower from the streets, wash off the pollen from yourself – from the hair, face skin,
hands, rinse the nasopharynx. Very well proven
Dolphin device – a simple device that is very convenient to wash
nasal passages, and the solution can be prepared at home,
0.5 teaspoon salt and the same amount of soda per 1 cup of water.
- �”Isolation” of the allergen
Ideal – this time of the year will go on a trip to
those places where there are no poplars, oaks, hazel trees and other sources
allergies, to the north or to the highlands. Even the Black Sea
coast, closer to Sochi and Abkhazia due to higher humidity and
subtropical climate, reduces the likelihood of
- Make sure it is allergic by taking tests.
If you noticed that symptoms similar to
allergic rhinitis, cough, conjunctivitis, occurs in your period
from March to mid-May is not an allergy to poplar fluff, but on
other flowering plants that can be identified by
анализа крови на конкретные allergens. Should refer to
an allergist who will conduct an appropriate examination and
help ease the course of this ailment.
How to distinguish SARS, cold from allergies
It’s very simple if you have the symptoms listed every spring.
not accompanied by fever, do not increase
lymph nodes in the neck, there is no active inflammation in the throat, it is only
slightly tickle, nasal discharge very fluid, slimy,
transparent, worries paroxysmal sneezing and lasts more than 10
days – it is an allergy, not a cold or colds. However, in the last
time there is such a phenomenon for which doctors do not have a single
мнения — это повышение температуры при allergies.
Most experts believe that with temperature allergies
should not be, but there are cases when a person during
an allergic reaction is a slight increase,
therefore, this symptom is treated ambiguously. For bites
bees, insects, acute food or drug allergies
fever is possible, however in the case of pollinosis,
temperature should not be, according to most allergists.
Cross-allergy – diet may help
Now, many allergy sufferers know that respiratory
аллергический синдром может усиливаться при перекрестной allergies.
That is, if you eat vegetable foods that
contain similar substances, they can enhance
симптомы allergies. Therefore, 1-1.5 months before the onset of allergies and during
while it should follow a certain diet. In the table
Most foods that increase allergies are presented.
reactions that occur in patients in the spring, when
poplar fluff appears.
|The period of allergy – pollinosis||Продукты, усугубляющие аллергию||Medicinal herbs that increase allergies|
|from March to mid-May – birch, alder, hazel, oak||spices, currants, hazelnuts and other nuts, pears, cherries,
слива, яблоки, персики, вишня, киви, петрушка, сельдерей,
tomatoes, honey, potatoes, olives, olive oil, brandy,
carrots, apricots, nectarines and even white bread
| pine cones and buds, birch leaves and buds, lime
How to treat seasonal allergies – you can only alleviate the condition
with drugs and procedures
If you already know about your penchant for spring allergies,
remission time, that is, in the fall and winter, should definitely
contact an allergist who will assign you the appropriate
treatment. В период Colourения деревьев и трав можно лишь облегчать
condition of the nasopharynx, respiratory system and eyes with
the following medications:
Очень эффективно за 1-1,5 месяца до начала Colourения провести 2-3
weekly course of cleaning the body of toxins and allergens such
sorbents like Polyphepan (70-80 rubles), Polysorb (260-280 rubles),
Filtrum-Ste tablets (50-140 rubles), Integnin tabl (130-150 rubles)
Enterosgel (260-320 rubles), Activated carbon. During their reception
Some rules should be followed. Since this is an erotic sorbent,
they reduce the absorption of essential vitamins, minerals, other
medicines from the intestines, so they should be taken in
breaks between meals, vitamins or drugs,
best for the night. These funds are prescribed by the doctor for chronic
intoxication and allergies in a course of no more than 21
This method of mechanical blood purification, many allergists consider
ineffective because it has a short-term action and
has a number of contraindications. However, according to the testimony of a doctor with a strong
allergies, as well as in the absence of contraindications to
procedures, it is possible and its use as a temporary
alleviate allergy symptoms and clean the blood of toxins, immune
комплексов и allergens.
Among allergy pills today
highly effective, not possessing sedative properties,
drugs with prolonged action can be attributed to cetirizine,
this is Tsetrin (140-160 rubles). Zyrtek (220 rubles), Zodak (120 rubles),
Letizen (90 rub), cetirizine (60-120 rub), and also fexofenadine –
Telfast 420-500 rub, Feksadin (160 rub), from drugs of the 2nd generation
Loratodin can be distinguished (15-20 rubles. 10 tab.), Claritin (220 rubles),
Erius (500-560 rubles) and other drugs.
Nose drops and sprays
If allergic rhinitis makes life difficult, you can use to
instillation into the nose or into the eyes of various drops, sprays containing
cromoglycic acid (see the full list of nasal drops from
- Intal – aerosol for inhalation (when combined with bronchial
asthma) 700 rub.
- Ifiral – eye drops, nasal drops
- Allergo chest of drawers – eye drops
- Crom allerg – eye drops 70 rub.
- Cromohexal – eye drops 80-90 rubles. spray 140-160
rub., solution for inhalation 370 rub.
- Lekrolin – eye drops 90-100 rubles.
as well as Vibrocil – nasal drops with vasoconstrictor and
antiallergic action – about 200 rubles.
- Nazaval – microdispersed cellulose powder, which
prevents the penetration of allergens into the body. It can
use for children from birth and pregnant women. Via
spray dispenser sprays the powder, which combines
from the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity forms a strong gel-like film.
This film creates a natural barrier for penetration
aeroallergens in the nasopharynx.
- Prevalin is a combination of oils and emulsifiers that creates
protective barrier to the penetration of allergens, the most effective
use it before the onset of allergic rhinitis at the very beginning
of the season.
- Azelastine – Allergodil spray is a histamine blocker
H1 receptors, but its use is not recommended for children under 6 years old and
The use of which means is not desirable and has
Today, medicine offers for urgent elimination of strong
allergic reactions powerful drugs –
glucocorticosteroids. And sometimes they are prescribed in mild cases,
when their reception is not justified. This means give very fast
effect: relieves inflammation, swelling, lacrimation, rash, etc.
проявления allergies. They turn out to be just magical and it seems
what better means not to find. But this is a very false impression.
the consequences of their use may affect health
Гормональные препараты при легких аллергических реакциях не
should be used. The consequences of their prolonged use,
overdose of such drugs, especially for children, is very serious.
It is believed that corticosteroids for local therapy in the form of sprays
for a nose (Nasobek, Aldetsin, Fliksonaze, Benorin, Bekonaze,
Nasonex, Nazarel) in therapeutic doses during inhalation
the route of administration does not have significant systemic activity. But
with prolonged use may develop mucosal atrophy
shell, skin, and the occurrence of systemic side effects.
Автор: Мельникова Светлана Георгиевна врач-дерматолог