- Feeling well
- Analyzes and ultrasound
21 weeks – a wonderful time for the future mother: already finished cardinal hormonal changes in the body, stopped disturb toxicosis, and a small tummy usually still does not interfere walking and good sleep.
With relative harmony, mommy can already boast enlarged breasts. The hair has become thicker and grow fast, more than ever, the skin just shines. Most pregnant in this period feel great and full of strength.
At 21 weeks you have already changed your wardrobe. The tummy requires more spacious clothes than before.
Choose the things that are most comfortable for you – without tight elastic bands and crashed buttons, fairly loose. It’s time abandon high heels and platforms.
Choose steady flat or small shoes square heels, preferably without laces. Due to the increase in weight increased the load on the legs, as well as increased blood volume, and then the blood vessels are now under attack.
If you are genetically predisposed to varicose veins, especially carefully monitor the condition of your veins, wear compression stockings.
The uterus is quite large, its highest point is 1 cm above the navel. Now it will increase in size even faster, push on lungs.
Some pregnant women may experience shortness of breath. Master special breathing exercises: in addition to solving problems with shortness of breath, they are very useful to you during childbirth.
An increase in uterus in volumes can also cause rapid urination and night trips to the toilet. Do not drink plenty of water before sleep and empty the bladder completely (for this you need tilt the body slightly forward when urinating).
Weight gain during this period is an average of 4-6 kilogram. There is a dangerous moment when many expectant mothers sharply increased appetite, which is now needed constant monitoring: your baby doesn’t need buns right now and sweets, as well as various pickles and smoked meats.
Try to consume more protein (boiled or baked lean meat, cottage cheese, nuts, eggs) and vegetables. If the doctor has not prescribed you need calcium tablets, eat foods rich in these a mineral.
An increase in the abdomen causes problems associated with intimate life. Now you have to choose poses in which the partner is not will press on the stomach.
You should be comfortable enough. Exercise restrictions there is no sex during this period (of course, if the condition your health allows). However, do not be rude sex, also abandon complex poses.
If you feel unwell and you have no desire at all, do not force yourself, discuss this issue with your husband. Now for It is very important for you to listen to your body!
Another reason to monitor your diet: at 21 weeks baby amniotic fluid begins to swallow. In his language already taste buds are formed, and now he can feel the taste the food you recently ate!
You form his taste preferences, lay food habits and if during this period you like to treat yourself sweetie, don’t expect the baby to be delighted with the first food from fresh vegetables.
However, not only does the amniotic fluid reach the child what you ate, but also alcohol and tobacco. Do not torture your baby and do not use what is not intended for a small one.
The weight of your baby is already about 300-350 grams, height – 20-25 centimeters. He had facial features, though his eyes not yet open.
Endocrine glands begin to function. The skin has become more thick and gradually loses transparency. From this time the child will accumulate subcutaneous fat, and for this he needs approximately 500 extra kilocalories per day.
But do not forget that only 500, not 2000 additional kilocalories! Remember this when you are drawn to peek in the refrigerator and eat the whole cake.
At week 21, like at twentieth, the baby is still quite freely moving in the uterus, but mom is already clearly feels his kicks and movements.
The daily routine for the child has not yet been established, so he can wake you up with your kicks at night or keep you awake late in the evening. If you are tired, and the baby does not give you his movements relax, calm him with strokes and affectionate words or sing a song: the child already hears you and feels touching to the stomach.
Also, your mood is conveyed to him. Therefore try not to get angry and not get annoyed over trifles.
Dad can also feel the movement, with his hand to tummy. If he constantly talks to the little one, the child will quickly remember his voice and begin to respond to friends sounds.
Your tummy has already become quite large, and is unlikely to succeed hide from prying eyes. During this period, the baby has not yet chosen a certain position in the uterus and is actively spinning, sometimes it noticeable externally: the stomach sticks out from one to the other side.
Now, if you haven’t yet used a cream for stretch marks, be sure to start doing this after each shower or before sleep. Your stomach and chest will increase more rapidly, and skin needs active hydration to maintain its elasticity.
If you are genetically predisposed to striae, it’s unlikely their appearance can be completely prevented, however significantly reduce their number is possible.
Now it’s getting harder and harder to find a position for comfortable sleep. This statement is especially true for mothers, accustomed to sleeping on your stomach. Special relieve the discomfort extra long pillow for pregnant women, which is also very useful during breastfeeding.
If your stomach is still small and not very noticeable, it is not cause for concern: the baby at this time is also quite medium-sized (the size of an orange), in addition, the size of the abdomen depends on features of the anatomy of a pregnant woman.
Analyzes and ultrasound
Analyzes and examinations at this time are usually not prescribed. You recently underwent a full examination and donated blood and urine to research, and now you will get screening results.
Screening will be evaluated by a special program that will analyze all markers in the aggregate. An important role will be play age, height and weight of a woman, her heredity and general health status.
Screening will show an approximate risk of pathologies in the development of the fetus. However, this test is quite inaccurate and gives only an approximate probability.
Soon you will find a second ultrasound, on which, with a favorable position of the baby, will inform his gender. There are also errors in the definition sex, and then parents will have a big surprise after birth a child.
An ultrasound will be prescribed for you already at 21 weeks, then the doctor will check:
- The position of the child in the uterus;
- Basic biometric indicators: size and head circumference, length from coccyx to crown, abdominal circumference;
- Fetometric indicators (sizes and location of internal organs, the presence of pathologies of the development of organs);
- Fetal heartbeat;
- The location of the placenta, its thickness and degree of maturity;
- Amniotic fluid
- Approximate weight of the fetus.
Modern technologies allow expectant mother to clearly see your baby on the monitor of an ultrasound machine, as well as take a photo the baby is still in the tummy.
The uterus is already pressing on the stomach, you may disturb heartburn. Ask your doctor to prescribe drugs for heartburn safe for pregnant women.
Knee-elbow pose helps calm the burning sensation in the stomach.
Sometimes pregnant women feel nauseous at 21 weeks – it’s also consequence of the pressure of the uterus from below on the stomach. In such cases, eat in small portions, but more often than usual.
Bowel pain associated with constipation is a problem for many pregnant at this time. This is an occasion to establish your own nutrition, make it fractional, add high-content foods fiber: cereals, bran, fruits and vegetables.
At week 21, back and lower back pain may bother you. it due to altered posture and increased load on spine. The hormone relaxin increases the elasticity of ligaments and joints, and the spine becomes very vulnerable. There may be pain in pelvic area (the growing uterus strongly presses on the pelvis), but they are normal arise only in uncomfortable poses.
Often pregnant women at this time feel pain in the navel. That’s all just a sign of an actively growing uterus, there is no danger.
A lack of calcium provokes persistent cramps, most often in calf muscles.
To cope with such pain will help a few simple Tips:
- Wear comfortable shoes;
- Do not stand for a long time, in public transport ask to cede a place;
- Do not sit in the leg-to-foot position;
- Do not sleep on your back (the most comfortable position is on your right side);
- Do not lift or carry weights;
- Get up correctly in the morning: first we put our feet on the floor;
- If required, start wearing a bandage that supports stomach.
However, if you feel constant pulling pains in the lower abdomen, uterine tension, bursting in the pelvic region, it can be dangerous signal of a threat of miscarriage. The uterus periodically becomes feels like stone, and also you suffer from cramping pains – call an ambulance immediately! Dangerous signs are severe swelling of the hands and face: this is a symptom preeclampsia, a very unfavorable condition for a pregnant woman, associated with high blood pressure.
Pregnancy has already exceeded the middle, and in the mammary glands colostrum – clear or yellowish discharge may appear. Wash your nipples with warm water and never squeeze colostrum.
If there is so much of it that the discharge saturates your bra through and through, buy special bra pads.
The vaginal discharge should normally be colorless, liquid and without smell. If the discharge leaves marks on the laundry or has strange smell, it may be a sign of infection or starting thrush.
If you find bloody traces – this is hemorrhoids, but with bloody vaginal discharge immediately call an ambulance!
Blood or brownish discharge is a sign of a miscarriage, and in combined with the tone of the uterus is a very bad sign, with such The symptoms of a miscarriage that has begun cannot be stopped.